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Redfin Reports Sun Belt Homebuyers Need 40% More Income Than a Year Ago to Afford the Typical Home

Homes are much less affordable than they were a year ago due to skyrocketing prices and surging mortgage rates–especially in Sun Belt metros like Tampa, Phoenix and Las Vegas

(NASDAQ: RDFN) — Homebuyers in Tampa, FL need to earn $67,353 annually to afford the metro area’s typical monthly mortgage payment of $1,684, up a staggering 47.8% ($21,791) from a year earlier, according to a new report from Redfin (, the technology-powered real estate brokerage. That’s the biggest percent increase of any major U.S. metro.

Homebuyers in nearly every part of the country have felt the impact of surging housing prices since the start of the pandemic—but especially those in the Sun Belt, which has seen costs skyrocket even more than other areas as out-of-towners flock in.

In Phoenix, homebuyers must earn $87,026 to afford the area’s typical monthly mortgage payment of $2,176, up $27,302 (45.7%) from a year earlier, and in Las Vegas, buyers must earn $79,620 to afford the typical payment of $1,990, up $24,923 (45.6%) from a year ago. Next came the following metros, which all saw gains of nearly 40% or more: Orlando, FL, Jacksonville, FL, Nashville, TN, Austin, TX, Fort Worth, TX, Anaheim, CA, Dallas, Atlanta, Charlotte, NC and San Diego. In the report, Redfin uses the word “homebuyer” to refer to someone who is taking out a loan to finance their home purchase.

Pandemic-fueled remote work is allowing a record share of homebuyers to move from one part of the country to another, and Tampa, Phoenix and Las Vegas are all among the top five most popular destinations. Buyers are attracted to Sun Belt locales partly because they’re relatively affordable compared to pricey coastal job centers, but the resulting rise in home prices may make them less popular in the future.

Across the U.S., buyers need 34% more income to afford a home

Nationwide, homebuyers need to earn $76,414 annually to afford today’s typical monthly mortgage payment. That’s up $19,478 (34.2%) from a year earlier. The income necessary to afford a home has increased by more than 15% year over year in all 50 of the most populous U.S. metros tracked by Redfin. Over the same time period, average hourly wages in the U.S. grew 5.6%.

The income needed to afford a home began climbing at the start of last year and jumped further this year as soaring demand, limited inventory and increasing mortgage rates led to rapidly rising sale prices. The national median home-sale price was up 17% from a year earlier to a record high of $412,700 in March, and the number of homes for sale was down 13% to an all-time low.

Mortgage rates shot up from about 3% to more than 5% over the last year. The combination of skyrocketing prices and rising mortgage rates caused the typical monthly mortgage payment to reach $1,910 in March 2022, up from $1,423 in March 2021 and $1,280 in March 2020.

“Housing is significantly less affordable than it was a year ago because the surge in housing costs has far outpaced the increase in wages, meaning many Americans are now priced out of homeownership,” said Redfin Deputy Chief Economist Taylor Marr. “The good news is that there’s a positive side to rising mortgage rates, too: They will likely slow price growth and curb competition for homes, providing a reprieve for some prospective buyers.”

“There are a few ways for people to get around rising housing costs,” Marr continued. “The first and easiest is to simply stay put, as monthly mortgage payments typically don’t change much. Buyers can also consider relocating to a more affordable part of the country.”

Pittsburgh buyers must earn 16% more to afford a home–the smallest gain in the country

Though homes are less affordable than a year ago in every metro in Redfin’s analysis, homebuyers in parts of Pennsylvania and the Midwest have seen smaller gains in the income necessary to buy a home than other parts of the country.

Homebuyers in Pittsburgh need to earn $39,532 to afford the area’s median monthly mortgage payment of $988, up 16.3% from a year earlier. It’s followed by Philadelphia ($49,068, up 17.1% year over year) and Chicago ($57,400, +18.2%). Milwaukee ($47,355, +20.4%) and Detroit ($30,737, +21.3%) round out the top five.

California homebuyers need the biggest annual incomes to afford a home

Homebuyers in San Francisco need an annual income of $292,556 (+26.4% YoY) to afford the typical home—the highest of the metros in this analysis. It’s followed by neighboring San Jose, CA, where buyers need $288,852 (+34.7%) and Anaheim ($192,568, +39.8%). Homebuyers need to earn at least $100,000 annually to afford the average home in 14 of the 50 metros in this analysis. Eight of those 14 are in California, and the others are Boston, Denver, Nassau County, NY, New York, Portland, OR, and Seattle.

Detroit is the most affordable metro for homebuyers. Cleveland ($35,181, +30.4% YoY) and Pittsburgh come next, followed by St. Louis ($41,661, +21.7%) and Milwaukee.

To read the full report, including methodology and additional metro-level data, please visit:

About Redfin

Redfin ( is a technology-powered real estate company. We help people find a place to live with brokerage, instant home-buying (iBuying), rentals, lending, title insurance, and renovations services. We sell homes for more money and charge half the fee. We also run the country's #1 real-estate brokerage site. Our home-buying customers see homes first with on-demand tours, and our lending and title services help them close quickly. Customers selling a home can take an instant cash offer from Redfin or have our renovations crew fix up their home to sell for top dollar. Our rentals business empowers millions nationwide to find apartments and houses for rent. Since launching in 2006, we've saved customers more than $1 billion in commissions. We serve more than 100 markets across the U.S. and Canada and employ over 6,000 people.

For more information or to contact a local Redfin real estate agent, visit To learn about housing market trends and download data, visit the Redfin Data Center. To be added to Redfin's press release distribution list, email To view Redfin's press center, click here.


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