Washington, D.C. 20549








For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013





For the transition period from ____________to____________


Commission File No. 001-34220



Picture 2



(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

_______________  _____________________________










(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)


(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)




(Address of Principal Executive Offices)


(Zip Code)


(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code): (803) 326‑3900


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:





Title of each class


Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share


The New York Stock Exchange


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No 


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  No 


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  No 


Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
















Large accelerated filer


Accelerated filer 






Non-accelerated filer

(Do not check if smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.) Yes  No 


The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 28, 2013 was $4,098,482,445. For purposes of this computation, it has been assumed that the shares beneficially held by directors and officers of the registrant were “held by affiliates.” This assumption is not to be deemed an admission by these persons that they are affiliates of the registrant.


The number of outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock as of February 19, 2014 was 103,210,661.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE: Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.






Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the
Year Ended December 31, 2013


















Item 1.    Business


Item 1A. Risk Factors



Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments



Item 2.    Properties



Item 3.    Legal Proceedings



Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures






Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer                                                   



Purchases of Equity Securities



Item 6.    Selected Financial Data



Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk



Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data



Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure



Item 9A. Controls and Procedures



Item 9B. Other Information






Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance



Item 11.  Executive Compensation



Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and                                                                         



Related Stockholder Matters



Item 13.  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence



Item 14.  Principal Accounting Fees and Services






Item 15.  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules











Item 1. Business




3D Systems Corporation (“3D Systems” or the “Company”) is a holding company incorporated in Delaware that operates through subsidiaries in the United States, Europe and the Asia-Pacific region, and distributes its products in those areas as well as in other parts of the world. 3D Systems is a leading provider of 3D printing centric design-to-manufacturing solutions including 3D printers, print materials and cloud sourced on-demand custom parts for professionals and consumers alike in materials including plastics, metals, ceramics and edibles. The company also provides a variety of perceptual devices including 3D scan-to-CAD, freeform modeling and inspection tools. Its products and services replace and complement traditional methods and reduce the time and cost of designing new products by printing real parts directly from digital input. These solutions are used to rapidly design, create, communicate, prototype or produce real parts, empowering customers to manufacture the future


3D printers can print almost anything from personalized medical devices to functional airplane and car parts and from individualized accessories to customized jewelry and toys. Over the past three decades, entire industries transformed their design-to-manufacturing processes using 3D content-to-print solutions. Companies using 3D printing have the freedom to create and manufacture customized products with no additional cost for complexity and uniqueness. Instead of investing in expensive tooling and incurring long lead-times and costly freight charges, customers can use 3D printing to mass customize and locally print what they need, when they need it and in a more cost effective way, while significantly reducing undesired environmental impacts of traditional manufacturing.


We pioneered 3D printing and digital manufacturing with the invention of stereolithography (“SLA”) and the universally used .stl file format almost 30 years ago and we subsequently developed selective laser sintering (“SLS”), multi-jet printing (“MJP”), film transfer imaging (“FTI”), color jet printing (“CJP”), direct metal sintering (“DMS”) and plastic jet printing (“PJP”) 3D printing technologies. Over the past decades many companies enhanced their competitive advantage by embracing our 3D printing solutions to convert their new product design and rapid prototyping activities and transitioned to new Direct Manufacturing of end use parts and custom products. Today, we continue to drive the adoption of large-scale custom manufacturing solutions, including end use parts in a variety of aerospace, defense, transportation and healthcare applications worldwide.  


We are committed to democratizing access and accelerating adoption of our products and services through affordability and simplicity for the benefit of professionals and consumers. We are extending the range of our affordable printing solutions from the design department and production floor to classrooms and living rooms. 


Our growing portfolio of 3D printers ranges from under $1,000 to nearly $1 million and includes several unique print engines that employ proprietary, additive layer printing processes designed to meet our customers’ most demanding design, prototyping, testing, tooling, production and manufacturing requirements. Our principal print engines include stereolithography, selective laser sintering, direct metal sintering, multi-jet printing, color-jet printing, film transfer imaging and plastic jet printing. We believe that our 3D printing solutions and services enable our customers to develop and manufacture new products faster and more economically, with better quality and greater functionality, than with traditional methods.


Our printers utilize a wide range of proprietary print materials that we develop, blend and market to print real parts. Our print materials range from real wax and plastic to real metals and engineered materials designed to replicate the performance of specific plastics, composites, nylons and metals.  We augment and complement our own portfolio of print materials with materials that we purchase from third parties under private label and distribution arrangements. 


We provide our customers with our Geomagic® software tools and Cubify® apps and downloads for creativity and design, including 3D scan-to-CAD and inspection tools, haptic design and sculpting and medical modeling. Our software solutions seamlessly integrate 3D content creation and manipulation with 3D scanners, CAD packages and 3D printers. We also offer proprietary software printer drivers and pre-sale and post-sale services, ranging from applications development and custom engineered production solutions to installation, warranty and maintenance services


We also provide quick turn, short run custom manufacturing services via our leading Quickparts®, on-demand cloud printed parts services, to satisfy our customers’ entire design-to-manufacturing requirements. We offer a broad range of precision plastic and metal parts capabilities produced from a wide range of 3D printing and traditional materials using a variety of additive and traditional manufacturing processes. 



In addition to 3D printing solutions, we provide digitizing scanners for medical and mechanical applications that are sold under our Vidar® brand. 


We continue to develop new products and services and have expanded our technology platform and 3D ecosystem through internal developments, relationships with third parties and acquisitions. We maintain ongoing product development programs that are focused on providing our customers with the most comprehensive portfolio of 3D content-to-print solutions, targeting their entire design-to-manufacturing requirements, from desktop prototyping to fab-grade manufacturing. We are focusing on developing a comprehensive menu of affordable to own and operate 3D printing solutions to address applications in the aerospace, automotive, healthcare, education, MCAD, architecture and consumer marketplaces, which we believe represent significant growth opportunities for our business.


We offer a wide variety of products, tools and services including rapid manufacturing used to manufacture end-use parts, rapid prototyping used to quickly and efficiently generate product-concept models and functional testing prototypes, communication and design applications used to produce presentation models, healthcare solutions used for medical study models and tools, consumer solutions used to provide customers with easy to use printers and concept creation apps, and software solutions used to provide CAD modeling, reverse engineering and inspection tools.


We provide expertly integrated solutions consisting of printers, print materials, software tools, 3D scanners and a variety of related Quickparts and other customer services. Our extensive solutions portfolio enables us to offer our customers cost effective ways to transform the manner in which they design, develop and manufacture their products.


Recent Developments


We are continuing to expand our global facilities and increase manufacturing capacity to meet demand for our products and services.  In October, we announced that we plan to expand our Rock Hill, SC, manufacturing operations, which we expect to generate approximately 145 new jobs. We are also expanding manufacturing capacity in our other facilities for printers, including at least tripling our direct metals printers’ production output.


In October, we announced the availability of Cubify Design, a parametric CAD design tool for consumers and prosumers for complex projects requiring real-world functionality and accuracy.


In November, we announced the availability of the Sense 3D scanner, the first ever digital photography device, designed for the consumer and optimized for 3D printing. The Sense delivers precise, instant, physical photography and its user interface includes zoom, track, focus, crop, enhance and share tools. Sense printables can be sent to Cube® and CubeX and ProJet x60 series 3D printers, or directly uploaded to Cubify.com for cloud printing in a range of materials.


In November, we announced the availability of Geomagic Capture®, a family of integrated desktop, scanner and software tools for professional scan-based design and quality inspection. Geomagic Capture is available in six configurations and each package includes a compact, blue-light LED scanner directly integrated with Geomagic software. Using Geomagic Capture, designers and engineers can instantly incorporate real world objects into CAD at their desktops.


In November, we entered into a multi-year development agreement with Google, Inc., to create a continuous high-speed 3D printing production platform and fulfilment system and functional materials in support of its Project Ara. Project Ara aims to develop highly-custom, modular smartphones that allow users the opportunity to make functional and aesthetic choices about their device.


In December, we announced the availability of the ProJet® 4500 3D printer, a continuous-tone and full-color plastic 3D printer.  This professional 3D printer delivers ready-to-use, full-color durable plastic parts for a wide range of modeling, functional prototyping and real-use products. The ProJet 4500 builds with a new class of sustainable VisiJet® C4 Spectrum materials that were launched simultaneously. This printer delivers both flexible and strong parts with pixel-by-pixel color, in high-resolution color with a superior surface finish.


In December, we announced the availability of the ProJet 5500X, a multi-material, 3D printer and a related family of engineered composite materials to deliver high quality, accurate and tough parts. The ProJet 5500X simultaneously prints and fuses together flexible, rigid and polycarbonate-like composite materials layer by layer at the pixel level in a variety of colors and shades including opaque, clear, black, white and shades of gray. Our printed multi-material composites result in realistic, functional, large and small prototypes and products for a wide range of manufacturers, designers and engineers.



In December, we announced the availability of the ProX 950 SLA® 3D printer, the largest-format, highest-speed, greatest accuracy and greenest 3D printer we currently provide. The ProX 950 is equipped with our PolyRay print head technology that can manufacture real parts at up to 10 times the speed of other 3D printers, drawing on a wide choice of high-performance engineered materials that are qualified for aerospace, medical device and industrial use-cases.


In December, we announced the availability of the ProX 500 SLS® 3D printer that delivers high-precision, durable and high-quality parts in a compact production-grade system. Designed for the manufacturing floor, the ProX 500 produces ready-to-use functional parts and complete assemblies for a variety of aerospace, automotive, patient-specific medical devices, fashion accessories and mobile device cases. The compact ProX 500 printer was developed in tandem with our new DuraForm® ProX material to produce smoother wall surfaces and injection molding-like part quality.


In December, we announced the availability of the ProX 300,  the first Phenix system to be rebranded as part of our rapidly expanding DMS 3D printers family. The ProX 300 is a direct metal printer with an industrial grade direct metal platform that is specifically designed for demanding manufacturing floor conditions, delivering high density, metal-printed parts from a large choice of materials and to accurate precision. We also have available our rebranded ProX 100 and ProX 200 DMS 3D printers.


In December, we announced the availability of the ProJet 1200, a new micro-SLA 3D printer that is ideal for small, precise, detail-rich parts and casting patterns, such as jewelry, electronic components and dental wax-ups. With a footprint smaller than a coffee maker and an all-in-one cartridge materials delivery system that  is economical to own, safe to operate anywhere and simple to use. We expect shipments for the ProJet 1200 to begin during the first quarter of 2014.


In December, we announced the acquisition of Figulo, a provider of 3D-printed ceramics. We plan to integrate Figulo’s operations into our Cubify ecosystem and our professional cloud printing service, Quickparts, and to leverage Figulo’s ceramics materials and process knowledge to fast track the commercialization of our own family of end-user real ceramic 3D printers based on our ColorJet Printing technology. 3D-printed ceramics enable new possibilities in complex designs for kitchenware, tiling, art and more.


In December, we announced the acquisition of Village Plastics Co., a manufacturer of filament-based ABS, PLA and HIPS 3D printing materials. Through its manufacturing facility in Norton, Ohio, Village Plastics delivers high quality, precision 3D printing filaments. We plan to integrate Village Plastics materials and manufacturing technologies to accelerate our development of advanced filament-based materials for our Cube and CubeX 3D printers. Additionally, we plan to support all Village Plastics’ existing customers by providing full access to our complete portfolio of design-to-manufacturing products and services.


In December, we announced the acquisition of Xerox Corporation’s Wilsonville, Oregon product design, engineering and chemistry group and related assets. As part of the agreement, we have added more than 100 Xerox engineers and contractors specializing in product design and materials science to our global R&D team and operate our own facility within the Xerox Wilsonville campus. Xerox will provide ink and print head development resources along with research relevant for digital printing and the 3D markets.


In December, we announced the acquisition of Gentle Giant Studios, a provider of 3D modeling for the entertainment and toy industry. Gentle Giant Studios develops high quality content using 3D scanning and modeling to develop and manufacture licensed 3D printed characters, toys and collectibles from a variety of franchise properties with global brand recognition. We plan to leverage Gentle Giant Studios technology and library of digital content into our consumer platform and extend existing brand relationships to further the reach of 3D scanning, modeling and printing for entertainment, toys, collectibles and action figures.


In January, we revealed several new consumer products at the 2014 International Consumer Electronics Show (“CES”), including six new 3D printers. The Cube® 3 3D printer, expected to be released during the second quarter of 2014, is the first sub-$1,000 plug-and-play home printer that is certified kid-safe and offers multi-material and dual color options. The CubePro™ 3D printer, expected to be priced below $5,000 and released during the second quarter of 2014, offers printing in up to 3 colors at a time and the largest build size in its class and utilizes a controlled print chamber that automatically adjusts for ABS and/or PLA print materials. The ChefJet™ and ChefJet Pro 3D printers, expected to be released during the second half of 2014 at sub-$5,000 and sub-$10,000, respectively, printing in real sugar and chocolate. The CeraJet™ 3D printer prints in real ceramic material that is ready for glazing and firing and is expected to be released during the second half of 2014 for under $10,000. The CubeJet™ 3D printer is the first desktop, full-color printer and we expect to release it during the second half of 2014 for less than $5,000. We also unveiled the Touch™, the first haptic-based, consumer mouse for 3D sculpting and design with instant force feedback, which is expected for commercial shipment during the second quarter of 2014 at $499, including software. We previewed the iSense, a 3D scanner for iPads for physical photography of objects up to 10 feet and optimized for seamless 3D printing, which is expected to be available in the second quarter of 2014 for $499. At CES, we also showcased the 3DMe® Photobooth, an integrated physical photography pod to bring the 3DMe experience to retail floors and event spaces, which we expect to commercialize in the second quarter of 2014.



In January, we announced a partnership with Intel Corporation to mainstream the adoption of 3D scanning and 3D printing. We will make available our consumer Sense scanning, editing and 3D printing software applications for Intel-powered Ultrabook, 2 in 1, AIO and tablet devices equipped with the new Intel 3D camera during the second half of 2014. Also in January, we announced a multi-year joint development agreement with The Hershey Company, a large producer of chocolate in North America and a global leader in chocolate, sweets and refreshment, to explore and develop innovative opportunities for using 3D printing technology in creating edible foods, including confectionery treats.  In February of 2014, Hasbro, Inc., a global branded play company, announced their intent to co-develop, co-venture and deliver new immersive, creative play experiences powered by 3D printing for children and their families later in 2014.




Printers and Other Products


All our 3D printers employ one of our seven print engines, which are discussed in more detail below. Our 3D printers convert data input from any CAD generated software format or 3D scanning and sculpting devices, to printed parts using our proprietary engineered plastic, metal, nylon, rubber, wax and composite print materials. Our professional and production printers comprise our SLA, SLS, DMS, MJP, CJP, and FTI printers. Our consumer printers price points include our PJP and CJP printers. 


Customers use our professional and production printers to produce highly accurate geometries and/or very durable parts for applications in various industries, including aerospace, automotive and patient-specific medical devices for a variety of healthcare use cases. They are also used in engineering and design spaces for product development, architecture, marketing communication, education and research and for custom manufacturing of advanced oral and orthopedic restorative devices, custom jewelry and customized toys, action figures and collectibles. Our professional printers are capable of rapidly producing tools, fixtures, jigs, patterns, medical models and end-use parts.


Our consumer 3D printers produce ready-to-use functional parts at home, school or office workstations. These plug and print 3D printers enable students, consumers, designers, engineers, hobbyists and do-it-yourselfers to imagine, design and print their ideas at home or at their desks.


We develop, blend, compound, extrude and market a wide range of proprietary print materials that replicate the performance of engineered plastics, composites and metals. We augment and complement our own portfolio of print materials with materials that we purchase from third parties under private label and distribution arrangements.


We provide our customers proprietary software tools under our Geomagic brand name for professionals and Cubify brand for consumers. We provide a library of content files and content creation apps through our Cubify.com online destination. We also provide software drivers embedded within our printers. We provide pre-sale and post-sale services, ranging from applications development to installation, warranty and maintenance services. We also provide a comprehensive suite of printed parts services through our Quickparts branded, on-demand custom parts services. Our Quickparts services offer a broad range of precision plastic and metal parts service capabilities produced from a wide range of 3D printing and traditional materials using a variety of additive and traditional manufacturing processes.    


3D Printer Solutions


SLA Printers


Our stereolithography printers convert our proprietary, engineered print materials and composites into solid cross-sections, layer by layer, to print the desired fully fused objects. Our SLA printers are capable of making multiple distinct parts at the same time and are designed to produce highly accurate geometries in a wide range of sizes and shapes with a variety of material performance characteristics. Our family of SLA printers offers a wide range of capabilities, including size, speed, accuracy, throughput and surface finish in different formats and price points. Our SLA printers come in a variety of print formats and footprint sizes designed to quickly and economically produce durable plastic parts with unprecedented surface smoothness, feature resolution, edge definition and tolerances that rival the accuracy of CNC-machined plastic parts.


SLA parts are designed for uses from functional models to foundary patterns and end-use parts and are known for their ultra-high definition, fine feature detail, resolution and surface quality. Product designers, engineers and marketers in many manufacturing companies throughout the world use our SLA printers for a wide variety of applications, ranging from automotive, aerospace and consumer and electronic applications to healthcare for mass customization of orthodontics, hearing aids and surgical guides and kits.



SLS Printers


Our selective laser sintering printers convert our proprietary, engineered print materials and composites by melting and fusing (sintering) these print materials into solid cross‑sections, layer by layer, to produce finished parts. SLS printers can create parts from a variety of proprietary engineered plastic and nylon powders and are capable of processing multiple parts in a single build session.


Customer uses of our SLS printers include functional test models and end-use parts, which enable our customers to create customized parts economically without tooling. The combination of print materials flexibility, part functionality and high throughput of our SLS print engine makes it well suited for rapid manufacturing of durable parts for applications in various industries, including aerospace, automotive, packaging, machinery and motor-sports. 


Our family of SLS printers comes in a variety of print formats and degrees of automation. Our SLS production printers are designed to enable our customers to mass customize and produce high-quality, end-use parts, patterns, fixtures and tools consistently and economically from our proprietary engineered plastics, nylons and composites, on site and on demand.  


DMS Printers


Our direct metal sintering printers produce chemically pure, fully dense metal parts, by sintering very fine granularity powders in a variety of different metals materials and a ceramic material. We offer direct metal printers in several sizes, including the ProX 100, 200 and 300.


MJP Printers


Our professional MJP printers utilize jetting head technology to deliver high quality, accurate and tough parts in plastics, wax, engineered materials and the capability to print parts in multiple materials in a single part. Our MJP professional printers come with a five-year print head warranty and are designed to print high-definition, functional and durable models for form, fit and function analysis, including certain models that are capable of ultra-fine resolution for precision dental and jewelry applications.


CJP Printers


Our professional CJP printers produce parts in ceramic-like material and plastics using powder materials and binders.  These printers are full color printers, capable of printing in a million colors pixel by pixel and are ideal for MCAD, architecture, design communication, education, art and medical modeling applications.


FTI Printers


Our film transfer imaging printers use DLP light curing technology to print durable plastic parts with a smooth surface finish and true to design detailed features. Parts printed on these ProJet printers can be drilled, machined, painted and metal-plated after building and parts can be printed in six different colors.


PJP Printers


Our PJP consumer 3D printers utilize a proven, simple, clean, compact and quiet plastic extrusion print engine technology designed for office, home and classroom use. Our PJP printers are designed and engineered to be simple, accurate and robust and some are equipped with up to three compact precision print heads for print speed, accuracy, multi-color, multi-material printing with fast material changeovers and multiple print modes available.     


PJP printers offer an easy to use interface, affordable color printing in one to three colors in a  single build in PLA or ABS plastic.


3D Print Materials


As part of our integrated solutions approach, we blend, market, sell and distribute proprietary, consumable, engineered plastic, nylon and metal materials and composites under several leading brand names for use in all our printers. We market our SLA materials under the Accura® brand, our SLS materials under the DuraForm, CastForm and LaserForm brands and materials for our MJP, CJP and FTI printers under the VisiJet brand. We augment and complement our own portfolio of print materials with materials that we purchase from third parties under private label and distribution arrangements.



With the exception of the recently acquired metals printers, our currently offered printers have built-in intelligence that communicates vital processing and quality statistics in real time. For these printers, we furnish integrated print materials that are specifically designed for use in those printers and that are packaged in smart cartridges designed to enhance system functionality, up-time, materials shelf life and overall printer reliability, with the objective of providing our customers with a built-in quality management system and a fully integrated work flow solution.


We work closely with our customers to optimize the performance of our print materials in their applications. Our expertise in print materials formulation, combined with our process, software and equipment design strengths, enables us to help our customers select the print material that best meets their needs and obtain optimal cost and performance results. We also work with third parties to develop different types of print materials designed to meet the needs of our customers.


SLA Print Materials and Composites


Our family of proprietary stereolithography materials and composites offers a variety of plastic-like performance characteristics and attributes designed to mimic specific, engineered, thermoplastic materials. When used in our SLA printers, our proprietary liquid resins turn into a solid surface one layer at a time, and through an additive building process, all the layers bond and fuse to make a solid part. SLA print materials are ideal for fit and form testing, wind tunnel testing, patterns and molds, show models and healthcare applications such as in-the-ear hearing aids, surgical kits and medical models.


Our portfolio of Accura stereolithography materials includes general purpose as well as specialized materials and composites that offer customers the opportunity to choose the material that is best suited for the parts and models that they intend to produce. 


To further complement and expand the range of materials we offer to our customers, we also distribute SLA materials under recognized third-party brand names.


SLS Print Materials and Composites


Our family of proprietary selective laser sintering materials and composites includes a range of rigid plastic, elastomeric and nylon materials as well as various composites of these ingredients. Our SLS printers have built-in versatility; therefore, the same printers can be used to process multiple materials.


Our DuraForm laser sintering materials include CastForm and LaserForm proprietary SLS materials. SLS materials are used to create durable, functional end-use parts, prototypes and durable patterns as well as assembly jigs and fixtures. They are also used to produce flexible, rubber-like parts, high-temperature resistant parts, patterns for investment casting, functional tooling such as injection molding tool inserts, and end-use parts for customized advanced manufacturing applications


Examples of rapid manufacturing parts produced by our customers using our SLS printers include air ducts for military aircraft and engine cowling parts for unmanned aerial vehicles. Product designers and developers from major automotive, aerospace and consumer products companies use DuraForm parts extensively as functional test models, including in harsh test environment conditions. Aerospace and medical companies use our SLS printers to produce end-use parts directly, which enables them to create customized parts economically without tooling. Parts made from DuraForm and LaserForm materials are cost effective and can compete favorably with traditional manufacturing methods, especially where part complexity is high.


Metal Materials


Our family of DMS print materials includes metal and ceramic very fine powders with granularity of six to nine microns. These materials include ceramics, stainless steels, tool steels, super alloys, non-ferrous alloys, precious metals and alumina. Our DMS printers and materials are used for chemically pure, fully dense, fine feature detail printing of end use part and patterns in aerospace, automotive and healthcare applications. Super alloys are commonly used in parts of gas turbine engines that are subject to high temperatures and require high strength, high temperature creep resistance, phase stability and oxidation and corrosion resistance. Non-ferrous metals include aluminum and titanium. Precious metals such as gold, silver and platinum and exotic or rare metals such as cobalt, mercury or tungsten can also be processed. 



VisiJet Print Materials


Our family of MJP VisiJet print materials includes plastic, wax and engineered part-building materials and compatible disposable support materials that are used in the modeling process and facilitate an easily-melted support removal process. Our CJP VisiJet materials include powder-based and plastic materials and binders. These print materials are sold to our customers packaged in proprietary smart cartridges designed for our professional 3D printers. Our proprietary VisiJet plastic print materials are ideal for study models and form, fit and function engineering studies. VisiJet wax print materials and special dissolvable support materials are used for direct casting applications such as custom jewelry manufacturing, dental crowns and bridge work and other casting and micro-casting applications. Our VisiJet materials family also includes durable materials that provide injection-molded like properties for high-end prototyping and demanding applications and high performance powders for full-color printing in ceramic-like material and plastics for design communication, architecture, medical and education applications. 


PJP Print Materials


Our family of print materials for use in our PJP 3D printers includes polylatic acid (PLA), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polypropylene (PP), high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE), and unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC). These print materials are packaged in proprietary smart cartridges and offer a variety of properties, including tough polymer materials for car bumpers, tough and flexible polymers for face masks or containers, and chemical and solvent resistant materials for fuel tanks, snowboards and water pipes. PLA and ABS plastics are for use in our consumer 3D printers, providing multi-color, durable, real plastic parts.


Software Solutions


We provide our customers with software tools for design, reverse engineering and inspection and proprietary digital workflow software tools. We offer Geomagic software packages and design tools for reverse engineering, inspection and haptic design packages, enabling our customers to open scan data directly in the CAD parametric environment, design in Voxel CAD and sculpt. We also offer Cubify Invent and Cubify Design CAD software solutions. We also offer proprietary software embedded within our printers.


3D Scanners


We offer affordable 3D scanners enabling seamless integration with our software solutions and 3D printers for consumers and professionals. Geomagic Capture™ is designed for the professional user and is available in six configuration packages, each including a compact, ultra-precise, blue light LED scanner directly integrated with our Geomagic software. The Sense 3D scanner is the first 3D scanner designed for the consumer and optimized for 3D printing. It delivers precise, instant digital data for physical photography or 3D design. Our scanners are easy to use and intuitive for a fraction of the cost of others available in their classes today.




Warranty, Maintenance and Training Services


We provide a variety of customer services and local application support and field support on a worldwide basis for all our SLA, SLS and DMS 3D printers. For our 3D printers and software, we provide these services and field support either directly or through a network of authorized resellers or other sources. We are continuing to expand our reseller channel for our line of consumer and professional 3D printers and software and to train our resellers to perform installation and maintenance services for our printers.  


The services and field support that we provide includes installation of new printers at customers’ sites, printer warranties, several maintenance agreement options and a wide variety of hardware upgrades, software updates and performance enhancement packages. We also provide services to assist our customers and resellers in developing new applications for our technologies, to facilitate the use of our technology for the customers’ applications, to train customers on the use of newly acquired printers and to maintain our printers at customers’ sites.


All our 3D printers are sold with maintenance support that generally covers a warranty period ranging from 90 days to one year. We generally offer service contracts that enable our customers to continue maintenance coverage beyond the initial warranty period. These service contracts are offered with various levels of support and are priced accordingly. We employ customer-support sales engineers in North America, in several countries in Europe and in parts of the Asia-Pacific region to support our worldwide customer base. As a key element of warranty and service contract maintenance, our service engineers provide regularly scheduled preventive maintenance visits to customer sites. We also provide training to our distributors and resellers to enable them to perform these services.



We distribute spare parts on a worldwide basis to our customers, primarily from locations in the U.S. and Europe.


We also offer upgrade kits for certain of our printers that enable our existing customers to take advantage of new or enhanced printer capabilities; however, we have discontinued upgrade support for certain of our older legacy printers.


Quickparts Services


We provide an extensive suite of on-demand parts services through our Quickparts branded global network of fulfillment facilities. Our Quickparts service offers a broad range of precision plastic and metal parts service capabilities produced from a wide range of 3D printing and traditional materials using a variety of additive and traditional manufacturing processes. Customers may procure a complete range of precision plastic and metal parts services using a variety of finishing, molding and casting capabilities. In addition, preferred service providers and leading service bureaus can use our on-demand custom parts service as their comprehensive order-fulfillment center.


We are continuing to expand our Quickparts service by bringing together a wide range of production and additive grade print materials and the latest additive and traditional manufacturing systems to deliver to our customers the broadest available range of precision plastic and metal parts and assemblies. Since October 2009, we have acquired sixteen service providers in the U.S., Europe and Asia-Pacific, enhancing our North American and European presence and expanding our local presence in Australia and China.


Consumer Services


In addition to our consumer 3D printers, we offer Cubify, our online hosting and publishing platform providing simple-to-use content creation tools, content downloads, cloud printing services and licensing arrangements and hosting for third parties. We are continuing to expand our Cubify offerings, including expanded content creation tools, content files and partnerships to offer personalized and customized jewelry, figurines, collectibles, toys, housewares, edibles and other items.


Software Services


In addition to our software products, we offer customers post sale software maintenance, which includes updates and software support, for our design, reverse engineering and inspection software packages.


Global Operations


We operate in North America,  Europe and the Asia-Pacific regions, and distribute our products and services in those areas as well as to other parts of the world. Revenue in countries outside the U.S. accounted for 44.5%, 44.5% and 48.9% of consolidated revenue in the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.


In maintaining foreign operations, we expose our business to risks inherent in such operations, including currency fluctuations. Information on foreign exchange risk appears in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors”, Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” and Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” of this Form 10‑K, which information is incorporated herein by reference.


Financial information about geographic areas, including revenue, long-lived assets, and cash balances, appears in Note 21 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” of this Form 10-K, which information is incorporated herein by reference.


Marketing and Customers


Our sales and marketing strategy focuses on an integrated approach that is directed at providing 3D content-to-print solutions and services to meet a wide range of customer needs. This integrated approach includes the sales and marketing of our parts service, either as an adjunct to a customer’s in-house use of additive technologies or to the much broader audience of users who do not have 3D printers.



Our sales organization is responsible for the sale of all of our products and services on a worldwide basis and for the management and coordination of our growing network of authorized resellers. With the exception of our online channels and direct Quickparts salespersons, we sell our products primarily through resellers who are supported by our own experienced channel sales managers consisting of salespersons who work throughout North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific.  Our application engineers provide professional services through pre-sales and post-sales support and assist existing customers so that they can take advantage of our latest print materials and techniques to improve part quality and machine productivity. This group also leverages our customer contacts to help identify new application opportunities that utilize our proprietary processes and access to our Quickparts printing service.  As of December 31, 2013, our worldwide sales, application and service staff consisted of 234 employees.


In certain areas of the world where we do not operate directly, we have appointed sales agents, resellers and distributors who are authorized to sell our production printers and the print materials used in them on our behalf. Certain of those agents, resellers and distributors also provide services to customers in those geographic areas.  


Our consumer and professional printers and related print materials, services, 3D scanners and software solutions are sold worldwide directly and through a network of authorized distributors and resellers who are managed and directed by a dedicated team of channel sales managers.


As a complement to our printers and print materials sales, we maintain our on demand parts service, a global network of parts printing service locations branded as Quickparts. Quickparts is designed to provide our customers a single source for all their design-to-manufacturing needs, through which we offer access to a wide range of additive and traditional manufacturing technologies, print materials from plastics to metals and our project management and finishing capabilities through a powerful e-commerce platform with on-line quoting, plug-ins and secure ordering.


Our consumer oriented 3D printers, design productivity tools, downloadable content, and curation services are available through Cubify and through hundreds of retail stores and traditional retail distributors.  


Our commercial customers include major companies and small and midsize businesses in a broad range of industries, including manufacturers of automotive, aerospace, computer, electronic, defense, education, consumer, energy and healthcare products. Purchasers of our printers include original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), government agencies, universities and other educational institutions, independent service bureaus and individual consumers.  No single customer accounted for more than 10 percent of our consolidated revenue for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 or 2011.  


Production and Supplies


We assemble our Cube X consumer 3D printers and our ProJet 1000 through 7000 professional 3D printers and other equipment at our Rock Hill, South Carolina facilities. Our Vidar digitizers and Cube consumer 3D printers are assembled in our Herndon, Virginia facility. Our ProJet x60 series of professional printers are assembled at our Andover, Massachusetts location. Our direct metals printers are produced in our Riom, France facility, as part of the acquisition of Phenix Systems.


We outsource certain production printer assembly and refurbishment activities to selected design and engineering companies and suppliers in the United States. These suppliers also carry out quality control procedures on our printers prior to their shipment to customers. As part of these activities, these suppliers have responsibility for procuring the components and sub-assemblies that are used in our printers. We purchase finished printers from these suppliers pursuant to forecasts and customer orders that we supply to them. While the outsourced suppliers of our printers have responsibility for the supply chain of the components for the printers they assemble, the components, parts and sub-assemblies that are used in our printers are generally available from several potential suppliers.


We produce print materials at our facilities in Andover, Massachusetts, Norton, Ohio, Marly, Switzerland and Rock Hill, South Carolina. We also have arrangements with third parties who blend to our specifications certain print materials that we sell under our own brand names. As discussed above, we also purchase print materials from third parties for resale to our customers.


Our equipment assembly and print materials blending activities and certain research and development activities are subject to compliance with applicable federal, state and local provisions regulating the storage, use and discharge of materials into the environment. We believe that we are in compliance, in all material respects, with such regulations as currently in effect and that continued compliance with them will not have a material adverse effect on our capital expenditures, results of operations or consolidated financial position.



Research and Development


The 3D printing industry is experiencing rapid technological change. Consequently, we have ongoing research and development programs to develop new printers and print materials and to enhance our product lines as well as to improve and expand the capabilities of our printers, print materials and software. This includes all significant technology platform developments for all our print engines, print materials, software products and perceptual devices which includes our scanners and haptic tools. Our development efforts are often augmented by development arrangements with research institutions, customers, suppliers of material and hardware and the assembly and design firms that we have engaged to assemble our printers. From time to time, we also engage third party engineering companies and specialty print materials companies in specific development projects.


In addition to our internally developed technology platforms, we have acquired products or technologies developed by others by acquiring business entities that held ownership rights to the technologies. In other instances we have licensed or purchased the intellectual property rights of technologies developed by third parties through licensing agreements that may obligate us to pay a license fee or royalty, typically based upon a dollar amount per unit or a percentage of the revenue generated by such products. As noted below, the amount of such royalties was not material to our results of operations or consolidated financial position for the three-year period ended December 31, 2013.


Research and development expenses were $43.5 million, $23.2 million and $14.3 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.


We capitalized software development costs of $0.3 million from acquisitions in 2013. We did not capitalize any software development costs in 2012.  We capitalized software development costs of  $7.9 million from acquisitions in 2011.  See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. 


Intellectual Property


We regard our technology platforms and materials as proprietary and seek to protect them through copyrights, patents, trademarks and trade secrets. At December 31, 2013 and 2012, we held 973 and 852 patents worldwide, respectively. At December 31, 2013, we also had 204 pending patent applications worldwide, including applications covering inventions contained in our recently introduced printers. The principal issued patents covering aspects of our various technologies will expire at varying times through the year 2027.


We are also a party to various licenses that have had the effect of broadening the range of the patents, patent applications and other intellectual property available to us.


We have also entered into licensing or cross-licensing arrangements with various companies in the United States and in other countries that enable those companies to utilize our technologies in their products or that enable us to use their technologies in our products. Under certain of these licenses, we are entitled to receive, or we are obligated to pay, royalties for the sale of licensed products in the U.S. or in other countries. The amount of such royalties was not material to our results of operations or consolidated financial position for the three-year period ended December 31, 2013.


We believe that, while our patents and licenses provide us with a competitive advantage, our success depends primarily on our marketing, business development and applications know-how and on our ongoing research and development efforts. Accordingly, we believe the expiration of any of the patents, patent applications or licenses discussed above would not be material to our business or financial position.




We face competition from the development of new technologies or techniques not encompassed by the patents that we own or license, from the conventional machining, plastic molding and metal casting techniques discussed above and from improvements to existing technologies, such as Computer Numerical Control (“CNC”) machining and rotational molding.


Competition for most of our 3D printers is based primarily on process know-how, product application know-how and the ability to provide a full range of products and services to meet customer needs. Competition is also based upon innovations in 3D printing, rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing printers and print materials. Accordingly, our ongoing research and development programs are intended to enable us to maintain technological leadership. Certain of the companies producing competing products or providing competing services are well established and may have greater financial resources.



Our principal competitors are companies that manufacture machines that make, or use machines to make, models, prototypes, molds and small-volume to medium-volume manufacturing parts. These competitors include suppliers of CNC, suppliers of plastics molding equipment, including injection-molding equipment, suppliers of traditional machining, milling and grinding equipment, and businesses that use such equipment to produce models, prototypes, molds and small-volume to medium-volume manufacturing parts.  These conventional machining, plastic molding and metal casting techniques continue to be the most common methods by which plastic and metal parts, models, functional prototypes and metal tool inserts are manufactured.


Our competitors also include other suppliers of 3D printers, print materials and software, including CAD design and scanning software, as well as suppliers of forming manufacturing solutions such as vacuum casting equipment. A number of companies currently sell print materials that compete with those we sell, and there are a wide number of suppliers of maintenance services for the equipment that we sell.  Numerous suppliers of these products operate both internationally and regionally, and many of them have well-recognized product lines that compete with us in a wide range of our product applications.


Competition in the on-demand parts printing service business is highly fragmented, with most of the services suppliers operating on a local level.


We believe that our future success depends on our ability to enhance our existing products and services, introduce new products and services on a timely and cost-effective basis, meet changing customer needs, extend our core technologies to new applications and anticipate and respond to emerging standards, business models, service delivery methods and other technological changes.




At December 31, 2013, we had 1,388  full-time employees. Although some of our employees outside the U.S. are subject to local statutory employment and labor arrangements, none of our U.S. employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements. We have not experienced any material work stoppages and believe that our relations with our employees are satisfactory.


Available Information


Our website address is www.3DSystems.com.  The information contained on our website is neither a part of, nor incorporated by reference into, this Form 10-K. We make available free of charge through our website our Annual Reports on Form 10‑K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10‑Q, Current Reports on Form 8‑K,  amendments to those reports, and other documents that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file them with, or furnish them to, the SEC. In addition, the public may read and copy materials we file with the SEC at the SEC’s public reference room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the public reference room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.


Several of our corporate governance materials, including our Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Executives and Directors, Corporate Governance Guidelines, the current charters of each of the standing committees of the Board of Directors and our corporate charter documents and by-laws are available on our website. 



Executive and Other Officers


The information appearing in the table below sets forth the current position or positions held by each of our officers and his or her age as of February 1,  2014. All of our officers serve at the pleasure of the Board of Directors. There are no family relationships among any of our officers or directors.



Name and Current Position

Age as of February 1, 2014

Abraham N. Reichental


       President and Chief Executive Officer


Charles W. Hull


       Executive Vice President, Chief Technology Officer


Damon J. Gregoire


       Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer


Kevin P. McAlea


       Senior Vice President and Chief Impact Officer


Andrew M. Johnson


       Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary


Cathy L. Lewis


       Vice President, Chief Marketing Officer



We have employed each of the individuals in the foregoing table other than Ms. Lewis for more than five years.


Ms. Lewis joined us as Vice President Global Marketing on October 15, 2009 and was elected an officer of the company in May 2010.  From 2006 until 2009, she was Chief Executive Officer of Desktop Factory, Inc., a venture financed technology start-up focused on the development and delivery of a low cost 3D printer. For more than three years prior to 2006, Ms. Lewis served as Senior Vice President, Marketing for IKON Office Solutions, a global office copying/printing/imaging and related services company.


Item 1A. Risk Factors


Forward-Looking Statements 


Certain statements made in this Form 10-K that are not statements of historical or current facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include the cautionary statements and risk factors set forth below as well as other statements made in this Form 10-K that may involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from historical results or from any future results or projections expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.


In addition to the statements set forth below that explicitly describe risks and uncertainties to which our business and our financial condition and results of operations are subject, readers are urged to consider statements in future or conditional tenses or that include terms such as “believes,” “belief,” “expects,” “intends,” “anticipates” or “plans” that appear in this Form 10-K to be uncertain and forward-looking. Forward-looking statements may include comments as to our beliefs, expectations and projections as to future events and trends affecting our business. Forward-looking statements are based upon our beliefs, assumptions and current expectations concerning future events and trends, using information currently available to us, and are necessarily subject to uncertainties, many of which are outside our control. We assume no obligation, and do not intend, to update these forward-looking statements, except as required by applicable law. The factors stated under the heading “Cautionary Statements and Risk Factors” set forth below, as well as other factors, could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected or predicted in forward-looking statements.


If one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those reflected in or suggested by forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement that you read in this Form 10-K reflects our current views with respect to future events and is subject to these and other risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, results of operations, financial condition, growth strategy and liquidity. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or to individuals acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this discussion. You should specifically consider the factors identified in this Form 10-K, which would cause actual results to differ from those referred to in forward-looking statements.



Cautionary Statements and Risk Factors


The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only risks and uncertainties that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem not to be material also may impair our business operations, results of operations and financial condition. If any of the risks described below or if any other risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem not to be material actually occurs, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. In that event, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose all or part of your investment in our common stock.  


The risks discussed below also include forward‑looking statements that are intended to provide our current expectations with regard to those risks. There can be no assurance that our current expectations will be met, and our actual results may differ substantially from the expectations expressed in these forward‑looking statements.


Global economic, political and social conditions may harm our ability to do business, increase our costs and negatively affect our stock price.     


We are subject to global economic, political and social conditions that may cause customers to delay or reduce technology purchases due to economic downturns, volatility in fuel and other energy costs, difficulties in the financial services sector and credit markets, geopolitical uncertainties and other macroeconomic factors affecting spending behavior.  We face risks that may arise from financial difficulties experienced by our suppliers, resellers or customers, including:



The risk that customers or resellers to whom we sell our products and services may face financial difficulties or may become insolvent, which could lead to our inability to obtain payment of accounts receivable that those customers or resellers may owe;



The risk that key suppliers of raw materials, finished products or components used in the products that we sell may face financial difficulties or may become insolvent, which could lead to disruption in the supply of printers, print materials or spare parts to our customers; and



The inability of customers, including resellers, suppliers and contract manufacturers to obtain credit financing to finance purchases of our products and raw materials used to build those products


We may incur substantial costs enforcing or acquiring intellectual property rights and defending against third party claims as a result of litigation or other proceedings.


In connection with the enforcement of our own intellectual property rights, the acquisition of third-party intellectual property rights or disputes related to the validity or alleged infringement of third party intellectual property rights, including patent rights, we have been, are currently and may in the future be subject to claims, negotiations or complex, protracted litigation. Intellectual property disputes and litigation may be costly and can be disruptive to our business operations by diverting attention and energies of management and key technical personnel, and by increasing our costs of doing business. Although we have successfully defended or resolved past litigation and disputes, we may not prevail in any ongoing or future litigation and disputes.


Third-party intellectual property claims asserted against us could subject us to significant liabilities, require us to enter into royalty and licensing arrangements on unfavorable terms, prevent us from assembling or licensing certain of our products, subject us to injunctions restricting our sale of products, cause severe disruptions to our operations or the marketplaces in which we compete, or require us to satisfy indemnification commitments with our customers including contractual provisions under various license arrangements. In addition we may incur significant costs in acquiring the necessary third-party intellectual property rights for use in our products. Any of these could seriously harm our business.


We may not be able to protect our intellectual property rights, including our digital content, from third-party infringers or unauthorized copying, use or disclosure.


Although we defend our intellectual property rights and endeavor to combat unlicensed copying and use of our digital content and intellectual property rights through a variety of techniques, preventing unauthorized use or infringement of our rights is inherently difficult. If our intellectual property becomes subject to piracy attacks, they may harm our business.



Additionally, we endeavor to protect the secrecy of our digital content, confidential information and trade secrets. If unauthorized disclosure of our trade secrets occurs, we could potentially lose trade secret protection. The loss of trade secret protection could make it easier for third parties to compete with our products by copying previously confidential features, which could adversely affect our revenue and operating margins. We also seek to protect our confidential information and trade secrets through the use of non-disclosure agreements. However there is a risk that our confidential information and trade secrets may be disclosed or published without our authorization, and in these situations it may be difficult and/or costly for us to enforce our rights.


We have made, and expect to continue to make, strategic acquisitions that may involve significant risks and uncertainties.  We may not realize the anticipated benefits of past or future acquisitions and integration of these acquisitions may disrupt our business and divert management.


We completed eleven acquisitions in 2013.  We also intend to continue to evaluate acquisition opportunities in the future in an effort to expand our business and enhance stockholder value.  Acquisitions involve certain risks and uncertainties including:



Difficulty in integrating newly acquired businesses and operations in an efficient and cost-effective manner, which may also impact our ability to realize the potential benefits associated with the acquisition;



The risk that significant unanticipated costs or other problems associated with integration may be encountered;



The challenges in achieving strategic objectives, cost savings and other anticipated benefits;



The risk that our marketplaces do not evolve as anticipated and that the technologies acquired do not prove to be those needed to be successful in the marketplaces that we serve;



The risk that we assume significant liabilities that exceed the limitations of any applicable indemnification provisions or the financial resources of any indemnifying party;



The inability to maintain a relationship with key customers, vendors and other business partners of the acquired businesses;



The difficulty in maintaining controls, procedures and policies during the transition and integration;



The potential loss of key employees of the acquired businesses;



The risk of diverting management attention from our existing operations;



The potential failure of the due diligence process to identify significant problems, liabilities or other challenges of an acquired company or technology;



The risk that we incur significant costs associated with such acquisition activity that may negatively impact our operating results before the benefits of such acquisitions are realized, if at all;



The risk of incurring significant exit costs if products or services are unsuccessful;



The entry into marketplaces where we have no or limited direct prior experience and where competitors have stronger marketplace positions;



The exposure to litigation or other claims in connection with our assuming claims or litigation risks from terminated employees, customers, former shareholders or other third parties; and



The risk that historical financial information may not be representative or indicative of our results as a combined company.



If we cease to generate net cash flow from operations and if we are unable to raise additional capital, our financial condition could be adversely affected and we may not be able to execute our growth strategy.


We cannot assure you that we will continue to generate cash from operations or other potential sources to fund future working capital needs and meet capital expenditure requirements.


If we are unable to generate such cash flow, we may be required to adopt one or more alternatives, such as selling assets, restructuring debt or obtaining additional equity capital on terms that may be onerous or highly dilutive. Our ability to refinance our indebtedness will depend on, among other things, the capital markets, our financial condition at such time and the terms and conditions of such indebtedness. We may not be able to engage in any of these activities or engage in these activities on desirable terms, which could result in a default on our debt obligations.


During 2013 we carried out one capital markets transaction and received $272.1 million of net proceeds. From time-to-time we may seek access to additional external sources of capital to fund working capital needs, capital expenditures, acquisitions and for other general corporate purposes. However, we cannot assure you that capital would be available from external sources such as bank credit facilities, debt or equity financings or other potential sources to fund any of those future needs.


If our ability to generate cash flow from operations and our existing cash becomes inadequate to meet our needs, our options for addressing such capital constraints include, but are not limited to, (i) obtaining a revolving credit facility from bank lenders,  (ii) accessing the public capital markets, or (iii) delaying certain of our existing development projects. If it became necessary to obtain additional debt financing it is likely that such alternatives in the current market environment would be on less favorable terms than we have historically obtained, which could have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.


The lack of additional capital resulting from any inability to generate cash flow from operations or to raise equity or debt financing could force us to substantially curtail or cease operations and would, therefore, have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. Furthermore, we cannot assure you that any necessary funds, if available, would be available on attractive terms or that they would not have a significantly dilutive effect on our existing stockholders. If our financial condition worsens and we become unable to attract additional equity or debt financing or enter into other strategic transactions, we could become insolvent or be forced to declare bankruptcy and we would not be able to execute our growth strategy.


The variety of products that we sell could cause significant quarterly fluctuations in our gross profit margins, and those fluctuations in margins could cause fluctuations in operating income or loss and net income or loss.


We continuously work to expand and improve our product offerings, including our printers, print materials and services, the number of geographic areas in which we operate and the distribution channels we use to reach various target product applications and customers. This variety of products, applications and channels involves a range of gross profit margins that can cause substantial quarterly fluctuations in gross profit and gross profit margins depending upon the mix of product shipments from quarter to quarter. We may experience significant quarterly fluctuations in gross profit margins or operating income or loss due to the impact of the mix of products, channels or geographic areas in which we sell our products from period to period. In some quarters, it is possible that results could be below expectations of analysts and investors. If so, the price of our common stock may be volatile or decline and our cost of capital may increase.


We believe that our future success may depend on our ability to deliver products that meet changing technology and customer needs. 


Our business may be affected by rapid technological change, changes in user and customer requirements and preferences, frequent new product and service introductions embodying new technologies and the emergence of new standards and practices, any of which could render our existing products and proprietary technology and printers obsolete. Accordingly, our ongoing research and development programs are intended to enable us to maintain technological leadership.  We believe that to remain competitive we must continually enhance and improve the functionality and features of our products, services and technologies. However,  there is a risk that we may not be able to:



Develop or obtain leading technologies useful in our business;



Enhance our existing products;




Develop new products and technologies that address the increasingly sophisticated and varied needs of prospective customers, particularly in the area of print materials functionality;



Respond to technological advances and emerging industry standards and practices on a cost-effective and timely basis; or



Recruit or retain key technology employees.


We derive a significant portion of our revenue from business conducted outside the U.S and are subject to the risks of doing business outside the U.S.


Approximately 44.5 percent of our consolidated revenue is derived from customers in countries outside the U.S. There are many risks inherent in business activities outside the U.S. that, unless managed properly, may adversely affect our profitability, including our ability to collect amounts due from customers. While most of our operations outside the U.S. are conducted in highly developed countries, they could be adversely affected by:



Unexpected changes in laws, regulations and policies of non-U.S. governments relating to investments and operations, as well as U.S. laws affecting the activities of U.S. companies abroad;



Changes in regulatory requirements, including export controls, tariffs and embargoes, other trade restrictions, competition, corporate practices and data privacy concerns;



Political policies, political or civil unrest, terrorism or epidemics and other similar outbreaks;



Fluctuations in currency exchange rates;



Seasonal reductions in business activity in certain parts of the world, particularly during the summer months in Europe and extended holiday periods in various parts of the world;



Limited protection for the enforcement of contract and intellectual property rights in some countries;



Transportation delays;



Difficulties in staffing and managing foreign operations;



Operating in countries with a higher incidence of corruption and fraudulent business practices;



Taxation;  and



Other factors, depending upon the specific country in which we conduct business.


These uncertainties may make it difficult for us and our customers to accurately plan future business activities and may lead our customers in certain countries to delay purchases of our products and services. More generally, these geopolitical, social and economic conditions could result in increased volatility in global financial markets and economies.


The consequences of terrorism or armed conflicts are unpredictable, and we may not be able to foresee events that could have an adverse effect on our market opportunities or our business. We are uninsured for losses and interruptions caused by terrorism, acts of war and similar events.


While the geographic areas outside the U.S. in which we operate are generally not considered to be highly inflationary, our foreign operations are sensitive to fluctuations in currency exchange rates arising from, among other things, certain intercompany transactions that are generally denominated, for example, in U.S. dollars rather than their respective functional currencies.


Moreover, our operations are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices, which may adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition. We seek to minimize these risks through regular operating and financing activities and, when we consider it to be appropriate, through the use of derivative financial instruments. We do not purchase, hold or sell derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.



We face significant competition in many aspects of our business, which could cause our revenue and gross profit margins to decline. Competition could also cause us to reduce sales prices or to incur additional marketing or production costs, which could result in decreased revenue, increased costs and reduced margins.


We compete for customers with a wide variety of producers of equipment for models, prototypes, other three-dimensional objects and end-use parts as well as producers of print materials and services for this equipment. Some of our existing and potential competitors are researching, designing, developing and marketing other types of competitive equipment, print materials and services. Many of these competitors have financial, marketing, manufacturing, distribution and other resources substantially greater than ours.


We also expect that future competition may arise from the development of allied or related techniques for equipment and print materials that are not encompassed by our patents, from the issuance of patents to other companies that may inhibit our ability to develop certain products, and from improvements to existing print materials and equipment technologies.


We intend to continue to follow a strategy of continuing product development to enhance our position to the extent practicable. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain our current position in the field or continue to compete successfully against current and future sources of competition. If we do not keep pace with technological change and introduce new products, we may lose revenue and demand for our products. We also incur significant costs associated with the investment in our product development in furtherance of our strategy that may not result in increased revenue or demand for our products and which could negatively affect our operating results.


New regulations related to conflict-free minerals may cause us to incur additional expenses and may create challenges with our customers.


The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act contains provisions to improve transparency and accountability regarding the use of “conflict” minerals mined from the Democratic Republic of Congo (the “DRC”) and adjoining countries. The SEC has established new annual disclosure and reporting requirements for those companies who use “conflict” minerals sourced from the DRC and adjoining countries in their products. We are currently conducting due diligence efforts in order to adhere to the initial disclosure requirements beginning in May 2014. These new requirements could adversely affect the sourcing, supply and pricing of materials used in our products. As there may be only a limited number of suppliers offering conflict-free minerals, we cannot ensure that we will be able to obtain these conflict-free minerals in sufficient quantities or at competitive prices. Compliance with these new requirements may also increase our costs, including costs that may be incurred in conducting due diligence procedures to determine the sources of certain minerals used in our products and other potential changes to products, processes or sources of supply as a consequence of such verification activities. In addition, we may face challenges with our customers if we are unable to sufficiently verify the origins of the minerals used in our products. 


We depend on our supply chain for components and sub-assemblies used in our 3D printers and for raw materials used in our print materials. If these relationships were to terminate or be disrupted, our business could be disrupted while we located alternative suppliers and our expenses may increase.


We  have outsourced the assembly of certain of our printers to third party suppliers, we purchase components and sub-assemblies for our printers from third party suppliers, and we purchase raw materials that are used in our print materials, as well as certain of those print materials, from third party suppliers.


While there are several potential suppliers of the components, parts and sub-assemblies for our products, we currently choose to use only one or a limited number of suppliers for several of these components, including our lasers, print materials and certain jetting components.  Our reliance on a single or limited number of suppliers involves many risks including:



Potential shortages of some key components;



Disruptions in the operations of these suppliers;



Product performance shortfalls; and



Reduced control over delivery schedules, assembly capabilities, quality and costs.



While we believe that we can obtain all the components necessary for our products from other manufacturers, we require any new supplier to become “qualified” pursuant to our internal procedures, which could involve evaluation processes of varying durations. We generally have our printers assembled based on our internal forecasts and the supply of raw materials, assemblies, components and finished goods from third parties, which are subject to various lead times.  In addition, at any time, certain suppliers may decide to discontinue production of an assembly, component or raw material that we use. Any unanticipated change in the sources of our supplies, or unanticipated supply limitations, could increase production or related costs and consequently reduce margins.


If our forecasts exceed actual orders, we may hold large inventories of slow-moving or unusable parts, which could have an adverse effect on our cash flow, profitability and results of operations.  


We have engaged selected design and manufacturing companies to assemble certain of our production printers. In carrying out these outsourcing activities, we face a number of risks, including:



The risk that the parties that we retain to perform assembly activities may not perform in a satisfactory manner;



The risk of disruption in the supply of printers to our customers if such third parties either fail to perform in a satisfactory manner or are unable to supply us with the quantity of printers that are needed to meet then current customer demand; and



The risk of insolvency of these suppliers, as well as the risks that we face, as discussed above, in dealing with a limited number of suppliers.


We may be subject to product liability claims, which could result in material expense, diversion of management time and attention and damage to our business reputation.


Products as complex as those we offer may contain undetected defects or errors when first introduced or as enhancements are released that, despite testing, are not discovered until after the product has been installed and used by customers. This could result in lost revenue, delayed marketplace acceptance of the product, claims from customers or others, damage to our reputation and business or significant costs to correct the defect or error.


We attempt to include provisions in our agreements with customers that are designed to limit our exposure to potential liability for damages arising from defects or errors in our products. However, the nature and extent of these limitations vary from customer to customer. Their effect is subject to a variety of legal limitations and it is possible that these limitations may not be effective as a result of unfavorable judicial decisions or laws enacted in the future.


The sale and support of our products entails the risk of product liability claims. Any product liability claim brought against us, regardless of its merit, could result in material expense, diversion of management time and attention, damage to our business reputation and failure to retain existing customers or to fail to attract new customers.


We face risks in connection with changes in energy-related expenses.


We and our suppliers depend on various energy products in processes used to produce our products. Generally, we acquire products at market prices and do not use financial instruments to hedge energy prices. As a result, we are exposed to market risks related to changes in energy prices. In addition, many of the customers and industries to whom we market our printers and print materials are directly or indirectly dependent upon the cost and availability of energy resources.


Our business and profitability may be materially and adversely affected to the extent that our or our customers’ energy-related expenses increase, both as a result of higher costs of producing, and potentially lower profit margins in selling, our products and print materials and because increased energy costs may cause our customers to delay or reduce purchases of our printers and print materials.


A cybersecurity incident could have negative impact.


A cyber-attack that bypasses our information technology (IT) security systems causing an IT security breach, may lead to a material disruption of our IT business systems and/or the loss of business information resulting in adverse business impact. Risks may include:



future results could be adversely affected due to the theft, destruction, loss, misappropriation or release of confidential data or intellectual property;  




operational or business delays resulting from the disruption of IT systems and subsequent clean-up and mitigation activities; and



negative publicity resulting in reputation or brand damage with our customers, partners or industry peers. 


Historically, our common stock price has been volatile.


The market price of our common stock has experienced, and may continue to experience, considerable volatility. Between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013,  after giving effect to the three-for-two stock split in the nature of a 50% stock dividend that we distributed in February 2013, the trading price of our common stock has ranged from a low of $9.82 per share to a high of $92.93 per share.


Numerous factors could have a significant effect on the price of our common stock, including those described or referred to in this “Risk Factors” section of this Form 10-K, as well as, among other things:



Our perceived value in the securities markets;



Overall trends in the stock market;



Announcements of fluctuations in our operating results or the operating results of one or more of our competitors;



The impact of changes in our results of operations, our financial condition or our prospects or on how we are perceived in the securities markets;



Future sales of our common stock or other securities (including any shares issued in connection with our outstanding senior convertible notes or earn-out obligations for any past or future acquisition);



Market conditions for providers of products and services such as ours;



Changes in recommendations or earnings estimates by securities analysts; and



Announcements of acquisitions by us or one of our competitors.


The number of shares of common stock issuable in a stock offering, the issuance of restricted stock awards or the issuance of shares in connection with certain acquisitions or the conversion of the notes could dilute the ownership interest of existing stockholders and may affect the market price for our common stock.


We have an effective registration statement on Form S-3 under which, among other things, we may issue up to $500.0 million of securities. We issued $272.1 million of Common Stock in 2013 and $112.1 million of Common in Stock in 2012 in reliance upon this registration statement and the remaining $115.8 million of securities covered by it may be issued until June 12, 2015. We may file a new registration statement at any time to increase these available amounts as necessary to provide flexibility to execute our growth strategy.


In February 2013, the Company announced that its Board of Directors declared a three-for-two split of the Company’s common stock in the nature of a 50% stock dividend. On February 22, 2013, each stockholder of record at the close of business on February 15, 2013 received one additional share for every two shares held on the record date. In lieu of fractional shares, shareholders received a cash payment based on the closing market price of our stock on the record date. Trading began on a split-adjusted basis on February 25, 2013.


Our Certificate of Incorporation, as amended, authorizes our issuance of up to a total 220.0 million shares of common stock, of which 103.8 million shares have been issued or are otherwise currently reserved for issuance.  Future issuances could have the effect of diluting our earnings per share as well as our existing stockholders’ individual ownership percentages and could lead to volatility in our common stock price.



Additionally, subject to the limitations of our Certificate of Incorporation and applicable law, we are not restricted from issuing additional common stock, including securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, common stock. The issuance of additional shares of our common stock in connection with future acquisitions or other issuances of our common stock or convertible securities, including outstanding options, may dilute the ownership interest of our common stockholders.

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock or other equity-related securities in the public market could depress the market price of our common stock and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity or equity-linked securities. We cannot predict the effect that future sales of our common stock or other equity-related securities would have on the market price of our common stock.


Our Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 5 million shares of preferred stock.


The Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 5 million shares of preferred stock, none of which is currently issued or outstanding. The Board of Directors is authorized to issue these shares of preferred stock in one or more classes or series without further action of the stockholders and in that regard to determine the issue price, rights, preferences and privileges of any such class or series of preferred stock generally without any further vote or action by the stockholders. The rights of the holders of any outstanding series of preferred stock may adversely affect the rights of holders of common stock.  


Our ability to issue preferred stock gives us flexibility concerning possible acquisitions and financings, but it could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire a majority of our outstanding common stock. In addition, any preferred stock that is issued may have other rights, including dividend rights, liquidation preferences and other economic rights, senior to the common stock, which could have a material adverse effect on the market value of our common stock.


Certain provisions of Delaware law contain anti-takeover provisions that may make it more difficult to effect a change in our control.


Certain provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law could delay or prevent an acquisition or change in control and the replacement of our incumbent directors and management, even if doing so might be beneficial to our stockholders by providing them with the opportunity to sell their shares, possibly at a premium over the then market price of our common stock. One of these Delaware laws prohibits us from engaging in a business combination with any interested stockholder (as defined in the statute) for a period of three years from the date that the person became an interested stockholder, unless certain conditions are met.


Our balance sheet contains several categories of intangible assets totaling $511.8 million at December 31, 2013 that we could be required to write off or write down in the event of the impairment of certain of those assets arising from any deterioration in our future performance or other circumstances. Such write-offs or write-downs could adversely impact our future earnings and stock price, our ability to obtain financing and affect our customer relationships. 


At December 31, 2013, we had $370.1 million in goodwill capitalized on our balance sheet. Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other,” requires that goodwill and some long-lived intangibles be tested for impairment at least annually. In addition, goodwill and intangible assets are tested for impairment at other times as circumstances warrant, and such testing could result in write-downs of some of our goodwill and long‑lived intangibles. Impairment is measured as the excess of the carrying value of the goodwill or intangible asset over the fair value of the underlying asset. A key factor in determining whether impairment has occurred is the relationship between our market capitalization and our book value. Accordingly, we may, from time to time, incur impairment charges, which are recorded as operating expenses when they are incurred and would reduce our net income and adversely affect our operating results in the period in which they are incurred.


As of December 31, 2013, we had $141.7 million of other intangible assets, net, consisting of licenses, patents, and other intangibles that we amortize over time. Any material impairment to any of these items would result in a non-cash charge and would not impact our cash position or cash flows, but such a charge could adversely affect our results of operations and equity and could affect the trading price of our common stock in the period in which they are incurred.


As discussed below, we completed several business acquisitions during 2013, 2012 and 2011. The majority of the acquisitions have resulted in our recording additional goodwill on our consolidated balance sheet. This goodwill typically arises because the purchase price for these businesses reflects a number of factors including the future earnings and cash flow potential of these businesses, the multiples to earnings, cash flow and other factors, such as prices at which similar businesses have been purchased by other acquirers, the competitive nature of the process by which we acquired the business, and the complementary strategic fit and resulting synergies these businesses bring to existing operations.



For additional information, see Notes 6 and 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Estimates—Goodwill and other intangible and long-lived assets.”


Changes in, or interpretation of, tax rules and regulations may impact our effective tax rate and future profitability. 


We are a U.S. based, multinational company subject to taxation in multiple U.S. and foreign tax jurisdictions. Our future effective tax rates could be adversely affected by changes in statutory tax rates or interpretation of tax rules and regulations in jurisdictions in which we do business, changes in the amount of revenue or earnings in the countries with varying statutory tax rates, or by changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities.


In addition, we are subject to audits and examinations of previously filed income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and other domestic and foreign tax authorities. We regularly assess the potential impact of such examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for income taxes and have reserved for potential adjustments that we expect may result from the current examinations. We believe such estimates to be reasonable; however, there is no assurance that the final determination of any examination will not have an adverse effect on our operating results and financial position. 


Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments




Item 2. Properties


We occupy an 80,000 square foot headquarters, research and development and manufacturing facility in Rock Hill, South Carolina, which we lease pursuant to a lease agreement with Lex Rock Hill, LP. After its initial term ending August 31, 2021, the lease provides us with the option to renew the lease for two additional five-year terms as well as the right to cause Lex Rock Hill, LP, subject to certain terms and conditions, to expand the leased premises during the term of the lease, in which case the term of the lease would be extended. The lease is a triple net lease and provides for the payment of base rent of approximately $0.7 million annually from 2013 through 2020, including a  rent escalation in 2016, and $0.5 million in 2021. Under the terms of the lease, we are obligated to pay all taxes, insurance, utilities and other operating costs with respect to the leased premises. Pursuant to the terms of the lease, we exercised the right to purchase the undeveloped land surrounding the leased premises in March 2011.  We purchased this 11-acre parcel contiguous to our Rock Hill facility for future expansion and additional facility capacity to continue to expand in-house manufacturing activities for printers and print materials.



In addition, we lease a second property in Rock Hill, SC for production and warehouse facilities and several other properties globally, which are summarized in the table below:










Square Feet


Primary Function

Wilsonville, Oregon




Research and development

Baja, Mexico




Quickparts services

Andover, Massachusetts




Production and research and development

Lawrenceburg, Tennessee




Quickparts services

Rock Hill, South Carolina




Production and warehouse

Riom, France




Production and research and development

Turin, Italy




Quickparts services

Morrisville, North Carolina




Research and development and sales

Seoul, Korea




Research and development and sales

Seattle, Washington




Quickparts services

Herndon, Virginia




Production and research and development

Burbank, California




Production and sales

High Wycombe, United Kingdom




Quickparts services

Le Mans, France




Quickparts services

Budel, Netherlands




Quickparts services

Langhorne, Pennsylvania




Quickparts services

Marly, Switzerland




Production and research and development

Hemel Hempstead, United Kingdom




General and corporate

Norton, Ohio





Valencia, California




Research and development

Atlanta, Georgia




Quickparts services


We also lease various other sales and service offices in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Australia, Japan, China, and India as well as various other facilities used in the U.S., Australia and the Netherlands.


Item 3. Legal Proceedings


For information relating to legal proceedings, see Note 22 to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures


Not applicable.





Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities


On May 26, 2011, we transferred the listing of our Common Stock to the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the trading symbol “DDD.” Prior to that, our Common Stock was listed on The NASDAQ Global Market (“NASDAQ”) and traded under the symbol “TDSC.” The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the range of high and low prices of our common stock, $0.001 par value, as quoted on The NASDAQ Global Market and the NYSE, with tickers TDSC and DDD, respectively. In addition, we completed a three-for-two stock split in the form of a 50% stock dividend, effective February 15, 2013,  which is reflected in the prices in the table below.




















First Quarter








Second Quarter








Third Quarter








Fourth Quarter








First Quarter








Second Quarter








Third Quarter








Fourth Quarter








As of February 19, 2014, our outstanding common stock was held by approximately 633  stockholders of record. This figure does not reflect the beneficial ownership of shares held in the nominee name.




We do not currently pay, and have not paid, any dividends on our common stock, and we currently intend to retain any future earnings for use in our business. Any future determination as to the declaration of dividends on our common stock will be made at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on our earnings, operating and financial condition, capital requirements and other factors deemed relevant by the Board of Directors, including the applicable requirements of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which provides that dividends are payable only out of surplus or current net profits.


The payment of dividends on our common stock may be restricted by the provisions of credit agreements or other financing documents that we may enter into or the terms of securities that we may issue from time to time.  Currently, no such agreements or documents limit our declaration of dividends or payments of dividends.


Issuance of Unregistered Securities and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities


On November 21, 2011, we issued $152 million aggregate principal amount of 5.50% Senior Convertible Notes due 2016 to institutional accredited investors and qualified institutional buyers in a transaction exempt from registration under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. During 2013, note holders converted $80.8 million aggregate principal amount of 5.50% Senior Convertible Notes, which converted into 5.5 million shares of common stock. During 2012, note holders converted $61.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.50% Senior Convertible Notes, which converted into 2.8 million shares of common stock. As of December 31, 2013, the aggregate principal amount of notes outstanding was $12.5 million. See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


We did not repurchase any of our equity securities during the year ended 2013, except for unvested restricted stock awards repurchased pursuant to our 2004 Incentive Stock Plan. See Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. For information regarding the securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters – Equity Compensation Plans” under Item 12. Also see Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.



Stock Performance Graph


The graph below shows, for the five years ended December 31, 2013, the cumulative total return on an investment of $100 assumed to have been made on December 31, 2008 in our common stock. For purposes of the graph, cumulative total return assumes the reinvestment of all dividends. The graph compares such return with those of comparable investments assumed to have been made on the same date in (a) the NYSE Composite Index,  (b) the S&P 500 Information Technology Index, and (c) the S&P Mid-Cap 400 Index, which are published market indices with which we are sometimes compared.


Although total return for the assumed investment assumes the reinvestment of all dividends on December 31 of the year in which such dividends were paid, we paid no cash dividends on our common stock during the periods presented.


Our common stock is listed on the NYSE (trading symbol: DDD). 




C:\Users\sicelofft\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files\Content.Outlook\UA88Y3H7\DDD_2013 Graph 5.JPG


* $100 invested on 12/31/08 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends. Fiscal year ending December 31.

































3D Systems Corporation


$          100

$          142

$          396

$          362

$       1,342

$       3,507

NYSE Composite Index



S&P 500 Information Technology Index



S&P 500 Mid-Cap 400 Index





Item 6. Selected Financial Data 


The selected consolidated financial data set forth below for the five years ended December 31, 2013 have been derived from our historical Consolidated Financial Statements. You should read this information together with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, the notes to the selected consolidated financial data and our Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto for December 31, 2013 and prior years included in this Form 10-K.

























Year ended December 31,

(in thousands, except per share amounts)











Consolidated Statement of Operations and Other Comprehensive Income Data:




















Consolidated Revenue:




















Printers and other products
















































































Gross Profit 




















Income from operations




















Net income (a)




















Net income available to common stockholders




















Net income available to common stockholders per share:




















Basic and diluted








































Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:




















Working capital




















Total assets




















Current portion of long-term debt and capitalized lease obligations




















Long-term debt and capitalized lease obligations, less current portion




















Total stockholders' equity








































Other Data:




















Depreciation and amortization




















Interest expense




















Capital expenditures (b)









































In 2013, 2012 and 2011, based upon our recent results of operations and expectation of continued profitability in future years, we concluded that it is more likely than not that our net U.S. deferred tax assets will be realized. In accordance with ASC 740, in 2012 and 2011 we released valuation allowances associated with U.S. deferred tax assets resulting in non-cash income tax benefits of $5,372 and $6,221, respectively.



Excludes capital lease additions.



Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations


The following discussion and analysis should be read together with the selected consolidated financial data and our Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto set forth in this Form 10-K. Certain statements contained in this discussion may constitute forward‑looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in any forward-looking statements, as discussed more fully in this Form 10-K. See “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Cautionary Statements and Risk Factors” in Item 1A.


The forward-looking information set forth in this Form 10-K is provided as of the date of this filing, and, except as required by law, we undertake no duty to update that information.




We are a leading global provider of 3D printing centric design-to-manufacturing solutions, including 3D printers, print materials and on-demand custom parts for professionals and consumers alike. Our materials include plastics, metals, ceramics and edibles. We also provide integrated 3D scan-based design, freeform modeling and inspection tools. Our products and services replace and complement traditional methods and reduce the time and cost of designing new products by printing real parts directly from digital input. These solutions are used to rapidly design, create, communicate, prototype or produce real parts, empowering customers to manufacture the future.


Growth strategy 


We are pursuing a growth strategy that focuses on five strategic initiatives:


· Expand global Quickparts services;

· Accelerate 3D printer penetration;

· Grow healthcare solutions revenue;

· Build 3D consumer and retail products and services; and

· Reimagine the engineer’s desktop.


We are working to accomplish our growth initiatives organically and, as opportunities arise, through selective acquisitions, including those we have already completed. We expect to be able to support organic growth by leveraging our comprehensive toolkit of solutions in order to sell more products and services to our existing customer base. As with any growth strategy, there can be no assurance that we will succeed in accomplishing our strategic initiatives.


Expand Quickparts Services. As a supplement to our 3D printer solutions, we believe growing and expanding our Quickparts services, through organic growth and acquisitions, enables us to impart the latest technology to our customers months or years in advance of their ability to invest in new printers for their own use. We view this as an opportunity to introduce customers to the newest 3D additive production technologies and to build brand experience and customer loyalty.  We also view it as a significant cross-selling and upselling opportunity from single parts all the way to advanced manufacturing printers. In connection with this initiative, we launched our Quickparts services in October 2009. Quickparts services generated revenue of  $101.1 million and $79.2 million for the years ended 2013 and 2012, respectively.


Accelerate 3D Printer Penetration. We believe that accelerating 3D printer penetration through channel expansion, new products and enhanced 3D printing materials will provide a growing installed base to enable higher revenue from recurring sales of print materials and services. With this objective in mind, we have developed an extensive portfolio of 3D printers. We are continuing to expand our reseller channel for our printers and to train our resellers to perform installation and services for those printers. In 2013, revenue from the sale of printers was $207.1 million, or 40.3% of our total revenue, compared to $121.2 million or 34.3% of revenue, in 2012.


Grow Healthcare Solutions Revenue. We believe that, by leveraging our rapid manufacturing core competencies in healthcare solutions applications and expanding into new applications, we can grow revenue within this marketplace. Healthcare solutions revenue includes the related sales of printers, print materials and services for hearing aid, dental, medical device and other health-related applications. In 2013, healthcare revenue was $71.7 million, or 14.0% of our total revenue, compared to $49.3 million or 14.0% of revenue, in 2012.



Build 3D Consumer and Retail Products and Services. We believe that the affordability of our consumer printers makes 3D consumer content critical to accelerated adoption. Recognizing the opportunity to deliver 3D content to an expanded audience, we have begun work to identify the tools and services required to deliver 3D content to consumers. We believe that the creation and expansion of a consumer ecosystem, including content, products and services, could make affordable 3D printers more widely adopted and used. We expect to build this capability through a combination of internal developments and acquisitions. In 2013, consumer solutions revenue was $34.8 million, or 6.8% of our total revenue, compared to $11.4 million or 3.2% of revenue, in 2012.


Reimagine the Engineer’s Desktop. We believe that by providing an integrated 3D authoring solutions platform, including software, perceptual devices and tools to combine, capture, mesh, surface, model and measure, we will be able to continue to expand the applications and utilization of 3D printing, enabling seamless integration throughout the design and manufacturing processes. During 2013, we continued to build this platform through a combination of internal developments and acquisitions. In 2013, software revenue was $20.6 million, or 4.0% of our total revenue, compared to $4.6 million or 1.3% of revenue, in 2012.


We intend to accomplish growth in all areas of our growth strategy organically and, as opportunities present themselves, through selective acquisitions. As with any growth strategy, there can be no assurance that we will succeed in accomplishing our strategic initiatives.


Summary of 2013 Financial Results 


As discussed in greater detail below, revenue for the year ended 2013 increased primarily due to higher sales across all revenue categories.  Our revenue increased by 45.2% to $513.4 million in 2013, compared to  $353.6 million in 2012 and $230.4 million in 2011. These results reflected growth in demand for 3D printers and increased demand in several key industries we serve, increased print material sales from a growing installed base, increased software revenue and higher service revenue from Quickparts. 


We calculate organic growth by comparing last year’s total revenue to this year’s total revenue, excluding the revenue of all acquired businesses that we have owned for less than twelve months. Once we have owned a business for one year, the revenue is included in organic revenue and organic growth is calculated based on our prior year total revenue. In 2013, our organic growth was 34.3% for the fourth quarter and 29.4% for the full year.  In 2012, our organic growth was 18.8% for the fourth quarter and 22.4% for the full year.


For the year ended 2013, healthcare solutions revenue grew 45.3% and accounted for $71.7 million, or 14.0%,  of our total revenue and included sales of printers, print materials and services for hearing aid, dental, medical device and other health-related applications, compared to $49.3 million, or 14.0%, in 2012.  


Consumer solutions revenue includes sales of Cube® and Cube X® consumer 3D printers and their related print materials and other products and services provided through Cubify.com and other retail channels. For the fourth quarter of 2013, consumer solutions revenue was $8.9 million, or 5.8% of our total revenue, compared to $3.4 million or 3.3% of revenue, in the fourth quarter of 2012. For the year ended 2013, consumer solutions revenue was $34.8 million, or 6.8% of our total revenue, compared to $11.4 million or 3.2% of revenue, in 2012.


Our gross profit for the year ended 2013  increased by 47.7%, to $267.6 million, from $181.2 million in 2012, after increasing from $109.0 million in 2011. Our higher gross profit for the year ended 2013 arose primarily from an increase in sales and our increased gross profit margin printers and other products and materials.  Our gross profit margin percentage improved to 52.1% in 2013 from 51.2% in 2012 and 47.3% in 2011. Gross profit margin benefited from improvements in our cost structure, higher print materials gross profit margin, and the addition of software products, partially offset by increased sales of lower margin on-demand custom parts services and an adverse revenue mix. 


Our total operating expenses for the year ended 2013 increased by 54.8%, to $186.7 million,  from $120.6 million in 2012,  reflecting a $45.8 million, or 47.0%, increase in SG&A expenses, primarily due to increased sales and marketing expenses and higher staffing due to our expanding portfolio. The increase also reflected a $20.3 million, or 87.4%, increase in research and development expenses related to our portfolio expansion and diversification and concentrated and accelerated new products developments.  


Our operating income improved by $20.3 million to $80.9 million in 2013, compared to operating income of $60.6 million in 2012 and $34.9 million in 2011. This was primarily due to higher revenue and the increase in our gross profit noted above, partially offset by higher operating expenses.  



Our net income for 2013 included $51.4 million of non-cash expenses, which primarily consisted of depreciation and amortization, loss on conversion of convertible debt, stock-based compensation and non-cash interest expense, compared to $38.9 million of non-cash expenses in 2012, which primarily consisted of depreciation and amortization, deferred tax benefits and stock-based compensation. The increase in non-cash expenses is primarily due to increased amortization from acquired intangibles, the loss on conversion of convertible debt as well as an increase in stock-based compensation


A number of actions or events occurred in 2013 that affected our liquidity and our balance sheet including the following:



Our unrestricted cash and cash equivalents increased by $150.4 million to $306.3 million at December 31, 2013 from $155.9 million at December 31, 2012.  Our cash included $272.1 million of net proceeds from the issuance of common stock, partially offset by $162.3 million of cash paid for acquisitions. Cash at December 31, 2012 included $183.7 million of cash paid for acquisitions, partially offset by $106.9 million of net proceeds from a public equity offering carried out in June 2012 and $51.5 million of net cash from operations. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources below.  



During 2013, we used $162.3 million of cash to acquire eleven businesses, including deferred purchase payments from prior acquisitions, to augment our printers business, Quickparts services and consumer solutions initiative.  See “Liquidity and Capital Resources –Cash Flow-Cash flow from investing activities.



Our working capital increased by $204.1 million from $212.3 million at December 31, 2012 to $416.4 million at December 31, 2013. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources – Working capital” below.



Among major components of working capital, accounts receivable, net of allowances, increased by $52.3 million from December 31, 2012 to December 31, 2013, primarily reflecting higher revenue from an increased portion of revenue categories sold on credit terms.  Inventory at December 31, 2013, net of reserves, was $33.3 million higher than its December 31, 2012 level, primarily reflecting timing of orders and delivery of finished goods print materials and raw materials, which are ordered in large quantities. Accounts payable increased by $19.6 million primarily reflecting timing of orders and payments to vendors associated with inventory and printer assembly.


Results of Operations for 2013,  2012 and 2011


Table 1 below sets forth revenue and percentage of revenue by class of product and service. 


Table 1





















(Dollars in thousands)







Printers and other products













































































Consolidated revenue


Consolidated revenue increased in 2013 due primarily to a 233.7% increase in printer unit sales over 2012 coupled with increased sales of print materials and increased software and Quickparts revenue, from both acquired and organic growth.  These changes are explained in greater detail in the Revenue by class of product and service and Revenue by geographic region sections below.


At December 31, 2013 our backlog was approximately $28.6 million, compared to $11.4 million at December 31, 2012 and $8.3 million at December 31, 2011. Production and delivery of our printers is generally not characterized by long lead times, backlog is more dependent on timing of customers’ requested delivery. In addition, Quickparts services lead time and backlog depends on whether orders are for rapid prototyping or longer-range production runs. The December 31, 2013 backlog included a portion from each of our revenue categories,  but primarily consisted of $17.2 million of printer sales driven by demand for advanced manufacturing. The December 2012 backlog was well distributed with a portion from each of our revenue categories, including printer sales of $3.2 million. The December 2011 backlog included orders for production printers that amounted to $1.0 million and three orders for print materials that amounted to $1.2 million. The backlog at December 31, 2013 includes $8.4 million of Quickparts orders, compared to  $5.9 million at December 31, 2012 and $4.8 million at December 31, 2011.  



Revenue by class of product and service


2013 compared to 2012


Table 2 sets forth the change in revenue by class of product and service for 2013 compared to 2012.


Table 2 



























(Dollars in thousands)


Printers and Other Products


Print Materials





2012 Revenue

























Change in revenue:


















































Core products and services

























New products and services
















































Foreign currency translation

























Net change

























2013 Revenue


























We earn revenues from the sale of printers and other products, print materials and services. On a consolidated basis, revenue for the year ended 2013 increased by $159.8 million, or 45.2%, compared to 2012, primarily due to increased sales of printers, coupled with acquired software revenue.


The $100.8 million increase in revenue from printers and other products compared to the year ended 2012 is primarily due to increased printer unit sales volume for the year ended 2013, driven by increased demand for consumer and professional printers. Printers revenue  increased $80.8 million, or 72.7%, compared to 2012. As we have introduced new printers and price points, the professional and production printer capabilities have converged. Revenue from professional printers, including production printers, increased 59.7% and consumer printers revenue increased 238.4% over 2012. In connection with the rapid expansion of our professional and retail channels, certain resellers may purchase stock inventory in the ordinary course of business. For the years ended 2013 and 2012, we estimate that revenue related to reseller inventory amounted to approximately 2.0% of total revenue. These transactions were reviewed for revenue recognition criteria and these sales met all the requirements of our revenue recognition policy.


Other products revenue includes software products, Sensable haptic devices, 3D scanners and Vidar digitizers. Other products revenue totaled  $36.0 million of revenue for the year ended 2013, including $20.6 million of software products revenue. For the year ended 2012, other products revenue totaled $15.7 million, including $4.6 million of software revenue.


Due to the relatively high price of certain professional printers and a corresponding lengthy selling cycle and relatively low unit volume of the higher priced professional printer sales in any particular period, a shift in the timing and concentration of orders and shipments of a few printers from one period to another can significantly affect reported revenue in any given period. Revenue reported for printers sales in any particular period is also affected by timing of revenue recognition under rules prescribed by generally accepted accounting principles. The increase in printer revenue is consistent with our ongoing plan to accelerate printer adoption in the marketplace by introducing lower priced printers, expanded capabilities and increased printing speeds.


The $25.2 million increase in revenue from print materials was aided by the improvement in printers sales and by the continued expansion of printers installed over past periods. Sales of integrated materials increased 40.2% and represented 70.6% of total materials revenue for the year ended 2013, compared to 62.6% for 2012.  


The increase in service revenue primarily reflects revenue from our Quickparts solutions, coupled with the addition of software maintenance revenue. Service revenue from Quickparts services was $101.1 million, or 64.2% of total service revenue, for the year ended 2013, compared to $79.2 million, or 64.1% of total service revenue for 2012. Services revenue from software maintenance services added $8.2 million of revenue for the year ended 2013. For the fourth quarter of 2013, revenue from Quickparts services was $28.4 million, or 18.4% of total fourth quarter revenue compared to $21.0 million, or 20.6% of total 2012 fourth quarter revenue.



In addition to changes in sales volumes, including the impact of revenue from acquisitions, there are two other primary drivers of changes in revenue from one period to another: the combined effect of changes in product mix and average selling prices, sometimes referred to as price and mix effects, and the impact of fluctuations in foreign currencies.


As used in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis, the price and mix effects relate to changes in revenue that are not able to be specifically related to changes in unit volume. Among these changes are changes in the product mix of our materials and our printers as the trend toward smaller, lower-priced printers has continued and the influence of new printers and materials on our operating results has grown. 


2012 compared to 2011


Table 3 sets forth the change in revenue by class of product and service for 2012 compared to 2011.


Table 3



























(Dollars in thousands)


Printers and Other Products


Print Materials





2011 Revenue

























Change in revenue:


















































Core products and services

























New products and services
















































Foreign currency translation

























Net change