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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010

 

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                            to                           

 

Commission file number:  001-32986

 

GENERAL MOLY, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

 

91-0232000

(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or
Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

1726 Cole Blvd., Suite 115

Lakewood, CO

 

80401

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (303) 928-8599

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

NYSE Amex and Toronto Stock Exchange

(Title of Each Class)

 

(Name of each Exchange on Which Registered)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o No x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o No o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer x

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o No x

 

As of June 30, 2010, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $163,728,125 based on the closing price as reported on the NYSE Amex.

 

As of February 28, 2011, 90,590,011 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value of $0.001 per share, were outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Certain portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement to be used in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders and to be filed within 120 days of December 31, 2010 are incorporated by reference into Part III, Items 10-14, of this report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

Part I

 

 

 

ITEMS 1 & 2.

BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES

3

 

 

 

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

24

 

 

 

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

34

 

 

 

ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

34

 

 

 

ITEM 4.

RESERVED

34

 

 

 

Part II

 

 

 

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

35

 

 

 

ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

37

 

 

 

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

37

 

 

 

ITEM 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

45

 

 

 

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

48

 

 

 

ITEM 9.

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

73

 

 

 

ITEM 9A.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

73

 

 

 

ITEM 9B.

OTHER INFORMATION

74

 

 

 

Part III

 

 

 

ITEM 10.

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

74

 

 

 

ITEM 11.

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

75

 

 

 

ITEM 12.

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

75

 

 

 

ITEM 13.

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

75

 

 

 

ITEM 14.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

75

 

 

 

Part IV

 

 

 

ITEM 15.

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

75

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

79

 

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PART I

 

ITEMS 1 & 2.                     BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES

 

The Company

 

References made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to “we”, “our”, “us”, “GMI” and the “Company” refer to General Moly, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiary Eureka Moly, LLC.

 

We are a development stage company in the business of the exploration, development and mining of properties primarily containing molybdenum.  Our primary asset is an 80% interest in the Mt. Hope Project (“Mt. Hope Project”), a primary molybdenum property, located in Eureka County, Nevada.  The Mt. Hope Project has contained proven and probable molybdenum reserves totaling 1.3 billion pounds (1.1 billion pounds owned by GMI) of which 1.1 billion pounds (0.9 billion pounds owned by GMI) are estimated to be recoverable.  In 2006, we acquired a second significant molybdenum project, the Liberty Property (“Liberty Property”), located in Nye County, Nevada which we own 100%.  The Liberty Property is anticipated to become our second molybdenum operation, after completion of the Mt. Hope Project, with initial production dependent on market conditions.

 

Mt. Hope Project.  In August, 2007, we completed a Bankable Feasibility Study (“Bankable Feasibility Study” or “BFS”) that provided data on the viability, expected economics, and production and cost estimates of the project.  Since publication of the BFS, we have revised several estimates, based primarily on engineering progress, which is currently 60% complete.  Our current estimates for the Mt. Hope Project capital cost requirements are referred to as the “Project Capital Estimate” and our current estimates for the Mt. Hope Project operating costs are referred to as the “Project Operating Cost Estimate”.

 

Estimated costs for construction, equipment, owners cost, pre-stripping and contingency are $1,039.3 million.  Additionally, financial assurance and pre-paid items are estimated at $114.6 million, resulting in a total Project Capital Estimate of $1,153.9 million.  These amounts do not include financing costs or amounts necessary to fund operating working capital.  Through December 31, 2010, we have made deposits of $68.4 million on $116.2 million in equipment orders, have spent approximately $90.2 million for the development of the Mt. Hope Project and have pre-paid $12.0 million into an escrow arrangement for electricity transmission services.

 

Our Project Operating Cost Estimate projects (on a 100% basis) molybdenum production of approximately 40 million pounds per year for the first five years of operations at projected average direct operating costs of $5.29 per pound, based on $80 per barrel oil equivalent energy prices.  The Costs Applicable to Sales (“CAS”) per pound, including anticipated royalties calculated at a market price of $15 per pound molybdenum, are anticipated to average $6.00 per pound.  We currently estimate that, for each $10 per barrel change in oil-equivalent energy costs, the Mt. Hope Project’s direct operating costs will change by approximately $0.10 per pound.

 

Processed ore grades are expected to average 0.103% over the first five years.  The mine is anticipated to have a 44-year life with 32 years of open pit mining and processing operations followed by 12 years of processing lower grade stockpiled ore.

 

The Company continues to operate under a cash conservation plan implemented in March 2009 designed to reduce expenditures and conserve cash in order to maximize financial flexibility. With our December 31, 2010 cash balance of $53.6 million and early 2011 receipt of $19.1 million in warrant exercise proceeds, we have the capacity to continue our current level of permitting efforts and secure and hold critical long lead equipment for the ultimate construction of the Mt. Hope Project through the end of 2011 without accessing new sources of financing while maintaining the current cash conservation strategy.

 

We anticipate that the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (“DEIS”) will be released for publication during the second quarter of 2011, followed by publication in the Federal Register in the third quarter, and receipt of the Record of Decision (“ROD”) six to nine months after publication.  We plan to restart procurement and engineering efforts during 2011 as key milestones in the permitting process are reached and do not expect to generate revenues from operations before production of molybdenum begins at the Mt. Hope Project.  Once financing is obtained and the major operating permits and the ROD from the United States Bureau of Land Management (“BLM”) are effective, it is expected that Mt. Hope can be constructed and in production within 20 months.

 

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From October 2005 to January 2008, we owned the rights to 100% of the Mt. Hope Project.  Effective as of January 1, 2008, we contributed all of our interest in the assets related to the Mt. Hope Project, including our lease of the Mt. Hope Project into a newly formed entity, Eureka Moly, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“LLC”), and in February 2008 (“Closing Date”) entered into an agreement (“LLC Agreement”) for the development and operation of the Mt. Hope Project with POS-Minerals Corporation (“POS-Minerals”) an affiliate of POSCO, a large Korean steel company.  Under the LLC Agreement, POS-Minerals owns a 20% interest in the LLC and General Moly, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, owns an 80% interest.  These ownership interests and/or required contributions under the LLC Agreement can change as discussed below.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, POS-Minerals made its first and second cash contributions to the LLC totaling $100.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2008 (“Initial Contributions”).  Additional amounts will be due from POS-Minerals within 15 days after the date (“ROD Contribution Date”) that specified conditions (“ROD Contribution Conditions”) have been satisfied.  The ROD Contribution Conditions are the receipt of major operating permits for the project, that the ROD from the BLM for the Mt. Hope Project has become effective, and any administrative or judicial appeals with respect thereto are final.  We are currently targeting the effectiveness of the ROD and the satisfaction of the other ROD Contribution Conditions to occur six to nine months after publication of the DEIS, but circumstances beyond our control, including delays by reviewing agencies and requests for additional information and studies, and requests for review or appeals of the BLM decision, could cause the effectiveness of the ROD and/or the satisfaction of the other ROD Contribution Conditions to be delayed.

 

To maintain its 20% interest in the LLC, POS-Minerals will be required to make an additional $56.0 million contribution plus its 20% share of all Mt. Hope Project costs incurred from the Closing Date to the ROD Contribution Date within 15 days after the ROD Contribution Date.  If POS-Minerals does not make its additional $56.0 million contribution when due after the ROD Contribution Date, its interest will be reduced to 10%.

 

In addition, as commercial production at the Mt. Hope Project will not occur by December 31, 2011, the LLC may be required to return to POS-Minerals $36.0 million of its contributions to the LLC, with no corresponding reduction in POS-Minerals’ ownership percentage.  Based on our current plan and assuming POS-Minerals has made its additional $56.0 million contribution, a payment to POS-Minerals of $36.0 million will be due 20 days after the commencement of commercial production, as defined by the LLC Agreement.  If POS-Minerals does not make its additional $56.0 million contribution when due, no return of contribution is required by us.  Our wholly-owned subsidiary and 80% owner of the LLC, Nevada Moly, LLC (“Nevada Moly”), is obligated under the terms of the LLC Agreement to make capital contributions to fund the return of contributions to POS-Minerals, if required.  If Nevada Moly does not make these capital contributions, POS-Minerals has an election to either make a secured loan to the LLC to fund the return of contributions, or receive an additional interest in the LLC of approximately 5%.  In the latter case, our interest in the LLC is subject to dilution by a percentage equal to the ratio of 1.5 times the amount of the unpaid contributions over the aggregate amount of deemed capital contributions (as determined under the LLC Agreement) of both parties to the LLC (“Dilution Formula”).  At December 31, 2010, the aggregate amount of deemed capital contributions of both parties was $880.0 million.

 

Furthermore, the LLC Agreement permits POS-Minerals to put its interest in the LLC to Nevada Moly after a change of control of Nevada Moly or the Company, as defined in the LLC Agreement, followed by a failure to use standard mining industry practice in connection with development and operation of the Mt. Hope Project as contemplated by the parties for a period of twelve consecutive months.  If POS-Minerals puts its interest, Nevada Moly or the transferee or surviving entity would be required to purchase the interest for 120% of POS-Minerals’ contributions to the LLC plus 10% interest per annum.

 

The Initial Contributions of $100.0 million that were made by POS-Minerals during 2008 were expended by the second quarter of 2009 in accordance with the program and budget requirements of the Mt. Hope Project.  Nevada Moly is required, pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, to advance funds required to pay costs for the development of the Mt. Hope Project that exceed the Initial Contributions until the ROD Contribution Date, at which point the contributions described above to be made by POS-Minerals will be applied to reimburse us for POS-Minerals’ share of such development costs.  All costs incurred after the ROD Contribution Date will be allocated and funded pro rata based on each party’s ownership interest.  The interest of a party in the LLC that does not make its pro rata capital contributions to fund costs incurred after the ROD Contribution Date is subject to dilution based on the Dilution Formula.

 

Securities Purchase Agreement with Hanlong (USA) Mining Investment Inc.

 

On March 4, 2010, we signed a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Hanlong (USA) Mining Investment, Inc. (“Hanlong”), an affiliate of Sichuan Hanlong Group, a large privately held Chinese company.  The

 

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Purchase Agreement and the related agreements described below form the basis of a significant investment by Hanlong in the Company that is intended to provide the Company with adequate capital to develop the Mt. Hope Project.  The Purchase Agreement provides for the sale to Hanlong of shares of our common stock in two tranches that will aggregate 25% of our outstanding stock on a fully diluted basis.  The average price per share, based on the anticipated number of shares to be issued, is $2.88 for an aggregate price of $80.0 million.  The Company’s stock closed at a price of $2.60 per share on the NYSE Amex on the day the agreement was signed.  The share issuance is part of a larger transaction that includes the commitment by Hanlong to use its commercially reasonable efforts to procure a $665.0 million bank loan for the Company (the “Term Loan”) from a prime Chinese bank that will be guaranteed by an affiliate of Hanlong, a $20.0 million bridge loan (the “Bridge Loan”) from Hanlong to the Company, and a long-term molybdenum supply off-take agreement pursuant to which a Hanlong affiliate will agree to purchase a substantial part of the molybdenum production from the Mt. Hope Project at specified prices.

 

The Purchase Agreement

 

Stock Purchase.  The Purchase Agreement provides, subject to terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement, for the purchase by Hanlong for an aggregate price of $80.0 million, of approximately 27.6 million shares of our common stock which will equal 25% of our outstanding common stock on a fully-diluted basis following the purchase, or approximately 38.3% of our outstanding common stock at the time the transaction was announced.  Fully diluted is defined as all of our outstanding common stock plus all outstanding options and warrants, whether or not currently exercisable.

 

On July 30, 2010, the Company and Hanlong executed an amendment to the Purchase Agreement extending the deadline for obtaining Chinese government approvals by two months to October 13, 2010, as well as extending the Company’s deadline for publishing its Draft Environmental Impact Statement (“DEIS”) and receiving its ROD to February 28, 2011 and November 30, 2011, respectively.  Hanlong received Chinese government approvals for equity investment from the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce (“MOFCOM”) on October 8, 2010 and October 12, 2010, respectively.  Hanlong filed the MOFCOM approval with the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on October 12, 2010, fulfilling Hanlong’s Chinese government approval obligations.

 

On October 26, 2010, the Company and Hanlong executed a second amendment to the Purchase Agreement setting the closing of Hanlong’s purchase of the first tranche of equity in the Company on December 20, 2010.  The parties agreed that the publication of the Mt. Hope Project’s DEIS was no longer a condition precedent to Hanlong’s first tranche equity investment.  Timely publication of the DEIS does, however, remain a requirement of the entire agreement, and, in conjunction with this amendment, the required date for DEIS publication has been extended to May 31, 2011 from February 28, 2011.  See “Break Fees” below for additional discussion on the potential penalties incurred if DEIS publication occurs after May 31, 2011.

 

On December 20, 2010, Hanlong completed the purchase of 12.5% of our fully-diluted shares, or approximately 11.8 million shares (“Tranche 1”) for $40.0 million, or approximately $3.38 per share, following satisfaction of certain conditions, including receipt of stockholder approval of the equity issuances in connection with the transaction, receipt of necessary Chinese government approvals for certain portions of the transaction, assurances from Hanlong as to the availability of the Term Loan, approval of the shares for listing on the NYSE Amex and absence of certain defaults.

 

The second tranche (“Tranche 2”), which is anticipated to involve the purchase of approximately 15.8 million additional shares, will be for a purchase price of an additional $40.0 million, or approximately $2.53 per share.  The actual number of shares and price per share will be adjusted for any change in the number of fully diluted shares before the closing of Tranche 2.  Significant conditions to the closing of Tranche 2 include issuance of the ROD for the Mt. Hope Project by the BLM, approval of the plan of operations for the Mt. Hope Project (the “POO”) by the BLM, and the completion of documentation for and satisfaction of conditions precedent to lending under the Term Loan, described below.  The Purchase Agreement may be terminated by either party (provided the terminating party is not in default) if the closing of Tranche 2 has not occurred by December 31, 2011, subject to extension under some circumstances to March 31, 2012.

 

Hanlong will have the right to purchase a portion of any additional shares of common stock that we issue so that it can maintain its percentage ownership unless its ownership is at the time below 5%.  It may also acquire additional shares so that it maintains a 20% indirect interest in the Mt. Hope Project if our interest in the LLC is reduced below 80%.  If we issue shares to fund our obligation to fund the Mt. Hope Project under certain circumstances, and on or before the date of commercial production, and Hanlong exercises its rights to maintain its percentage interest, we will be obligated to refund to Hanlong the cost of such shares over a three-year period up to an aggregate of $9.0 million.

 

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Break Fees.  A break fee is payable by both the Company and Hanlong if the Purchase Agreement terminates because of the failure of certain conditions.  A break fee of $10.0 million is payable to the Company if the Purchase Agreement is terminated because Hanlong fails to obtain necessary Chinese government approvals or to give its assurances about the availability of the Term Loan.  The Company has agreed to pay $5 million to Hanlong if the conditions concerning our stockholder approval, the publication of the DEIS or the ROD are not timely satisfied or waived and the Purchase Agreement is terminated.  The Company break fees may be increased by $5.0 million if the Purchase Agreement is terminated and the Company has violated the “no-shop” provisions of the Purchase Agreement.  The break fees may also be increased in other circumstances, not to exceed an additional $3.0 million if the Company requests and Hanlong grants certain extensions of deadlines concerning the DEIS, and up to an additional $2.0 million if the Company requests and Hanlong grants certain extensions concerning the ROD.  Further to the break fees,  the Company must pay a $2.0 million fee to Hanlong at the granting of an extension concerning the ROD, and such fee will be credited against the arrangement fee described below.  The break fee payable by the Company to Hanlong may be paid in cash, or, in certain circumstances, in shares of our common stock at our option.  If paid in shares, the price would be the volume weighted average of our common stock on the NYSE Amex for the five days ending six days after the announcement of the termination.

 

Chinese Bank Loan.  Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, Hanlong is obligated to use its commercially reasonable efforts to procure the Term Loan in an amount of at least $665.0 million with a term of at least 14 years after commercial production begins at the Mt. Hope Project.  The Term Loan will bear interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a spread of between 2% and 4% per annum.  The Purchase Agreement provides that the Term Loan will have customary covenants and conditions; however, the terms of the Term Loan have not been negotiated with the lender and we have no assurance as to the final terms of the Term Loan.  Hanlong or an affiliate is obligated to guarantee the Term Loan.  When funds can be drawn by the Company under the Term Loan, the Company will pay a $15.0 million arrangement fee to Hanlong who will pay fees and expenses associated with the Term Loan before the Term Loan Closing, including those charged by the Chinese bank.

 

Bridge Loan

 

Hanlong has also agreed to provide a $20.0 million Bridge Loan to the Company which will be available in two equal $10.0 million tranches.  On April 28, 2010, we drew down the first tranche in the amount of $10.0 million.  The second loan tranche became available five business days after receipt of stockholder approval and is subject to the satisfaction of customary conditions.  The first tranche of the Bridge Loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2% per annum.  The second tranche of the Bridge Loan will bear interest at 10% per annum and remains undrawn by the Company as of December 31, 2010.  The Bridge Loan will be repaid from the proceeds of the Term Loan.  If Hanlong agrees, the second tranche may also be repaid, at the Company’s election, in shares of the Company’s common stock.  If paid in shares, the price would be the volume weighted average of the Company’s shares on the NYSE Amex for a five-day period after public announcement of the event that required repayment.  The Company may offset its right to receive the break fee against its obligations to repay borrowings under the Bridge Loan.  If not sooner repaid, the Bridge Loan will mature on the earliest of 120 days after the issuance of the ROD, the date on which the Purchase Agreement terminates, or March 31, 2012.  The Bridge Loan and our obligation to pay a break fee to Hanlong under the Purchase Agreement are secured by a pledge by us of a 10% interest in the LLC.

 

Stockholder Agreement

 

In connection with the Tranche 1 closing, Hanlong signed a Stockholder Agreement with the Company that limits Hanlong’s future acquisitions of our common stock, provides for designation of up to two directors to our Board, and places some restrictions on Hanlong’s voting and disposition of our shares.

 

After the Tranche 1 closing, Hanlong became entitled to nominate one director to our Board, which right will remain in place so long as it maintains at least a 10% fully diluted interest in the Company.  Hanlong nominated Hui (Steven) Xiao to serve on our Board, and he was appointed as a director in February 2011.  After the Tranche 2 closing, and so long as Hanlong retains fully-diluted stock ownership of at least 20%, Hanlong will be entitled to nominate a second director.  The Company has agreed to assure that each Hanlong nominee is included in the Board’s slate of nominees submitted to our stockholders, subject to the Board’s fiduciary obligations and compliance by the nominee with applicable law and Company requirements concerning disclosure of information.  The Hanlong nominees may also serve on committees for which they are eligible.  Following the Term Loan closing and until its guaranty has expired or otherwise been terminated, Hanlong will have the right to appoint one representative to the management committee of the LLC.

 

Hanlong has also agreed not to purchase additional shares, except as permitted by the Purchase Agreement, without the Company’s prior consent following the Tranche 1 closing, and has agreed that it will not solicit proxies, join a group with respect to our equity securities, solicit or encourage an offer from another person for the Company, call a meeting of the

 

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Company’s stockholders or make a proposal to the Company’s stockholders, except to the Board.  If our Board receives an offer for the Company, for its assets or a merger that the Board determines is in the best interests of the Company’s stockholders, Hanlong is required to vote in favor of such a transaction or tender its shares unless it proposes an alternative transaction that our Board determines is more favorable to our stockholders than the offer received.

 

Under the Stockholder Agreement, Hanlong may not, without the prior written consent of the Board, transfer ownership in the securities if the recipient would acquire beneficial ownership of more than 5% of our common stock as of the date of such transfer.  The restrictions on Hanlong’s share ownership, voting, disposition and drag-along rights will terminate on the earlier of the time that Hanlong owns less than 12% of our Common Stock, the date that commercial production begins at the Mt. Hope Project, and June 30, 2014.

 

The equity issuance of the Company’s common stock to Hanlong was subject to stockholder approval and was voted on and approved in connection with the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders in May 2010.

 

ArcelorMittal Participation

 

The Company’s November 2007 private placement of 8.257 million shares with ArcelorMittal, the world’s largest steel company, included certain anti-dilution rights.  Pursuant to those rights, ArcelorMittal had an option to participate in the Tranche 1 and Tranche 2 equity issuances.  On April 16, 2010, the Company and ArcelorMittal entered into a Consent and Waiver Agreement (the “Agreement”) whereby ArcelorMittal waived its anti-dilution rights with respect to the Company’s proposed issuance of stock under the Hanlong investment.  ArcelorMittal will retain anti-dilution rights for future issuances of Company stock outside of shares sold under the Hanlong investment.  According to public filings, on January 25, 2011, the boards of directors of ArcelorMittal S.A. and APERAM each approved the transfer of the assets comprising ArcelorMittal’s stainless and specialty steels businesses from its carbon steel mining businesses to APERAM, a separate entity incorporated in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.  This transfer included the off-take agreement the Company had in place with ArcelorMittal and the shares of the Company’s common stock previously owned by ArcelorMittal.

 

Liberty Property

 

In March 2006, we purchased the Liberty Property in Nye County, Nevada, including water rights, mineral and surface rights, buildings and certain equipment, from High Desert Winds LLC.  The Liberty Property includes the former Hall molybdenum and copper deposit that was mined by open pit methods between 1982 and 1985 by the Anaconda Minerals Company (“Anaconda”) and, between 1988 and 1991, by Cyprus Metals Company (“Cyprus”).  In addition, Equatorial Tonopah, Inc. mined copper from 1999 to 2000 on this property, although their operations were in a separate open pit.  Much of the molybdenum deposit was drilled but not developed or mined by these previous owners.

 

In January 2007, we purchased the corporation that owned a 12% net smelter royalty on the Liberty Property, effectively eliminating all third party royalties on the property.  Additionally in 2007, we purchased all outstanding mineral claims associated with this property that were not previously owned by us, thus giving us control over all mineral rights within the boundary of the Liberty Property.

 

Since purchasing the Liberty Property, we completed two drilling programs that, combined with previous evaluation work performed by former owners, identified mineralization totaling 433 million tons with an ore grade averaging 0.071% molybdenum and 0.07% copper.  In April 2008 we completed a pre-feasibility study outlining project viability, expected economics, and production and cost estimates.  In January 2011, the Company announced plans to re-start its evaluation program at the Liberty Property focusing on collecting baseline data for the Nevada State-issued permits, hydro-geological groundwater characterization of the open pit, infill drilling, and logging and assaying prior drill core to improve and update the existing geologic model.  The Company anticipates an update to the pre-feasibility study by the end of 2011, including an evaluation of full feasibility study options.  These activities will be financed using funds received in early 2011 from the exercise of outstanding warrants.

 

Other Properties

 

We also have mining claims and land purchased prior to 2006 which consist in part of (a) approximately 107 acres of fee simple land in the Little Pine Creek area of Shoshone County, Idaho, (b) six patented mining claims known as the Chicago-London group, located near the town of Murray in Shoshone County, Idaho, (c) 265 acres of private land with three unpatented claims in Josephine County, Oregon, known as the Turner Gold project, and (d) an undivided 50% interest in the

 

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reserved mineral rights known as the Margaret Property and 105 unpatented mining claims comprising the Red Bonanza Property, situated in the St. Helens Mining District, Skamania County, Washington.

 

Corporate Information

 

The Company was initially incorporated in Idaho under the name “General Mines Corporation” in 1925.  We have gone through several name changes and on October 5, 2007, we reincorporated the Company in the State of Delaware (“Reincorporation”) through a merger of Idaho General Mines, Inc. with and into General Moly, Inc., a Delaware corporation that was a wholly owned subsidiary of Idaho General Mines, Inc. with General Moly being the surviving entity.  In connection with the Reincorporation, all of the outstanding securities of Idaho General Mines, Inc. were converted into securities of General Moly on a one-for-one basis.  For purposes of the Company’s reporting status with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), General Moly is deemed a successor to Idaho General Mines, Inc. Our common stock is traded on the NYSE Amex under the symbol “GMO” and, in February 2008, the Company began trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange (“TSX”) under the same symbolOur registered and principal executive office is located at 1726 Cole Blvd., Suite 115, Lakewood, Colorado 80401 and the phone number for that office is (303) 928-8599.

 

We maintain a website at www.generalmoly.com, on which we will post free of charge our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and any amendments to these reports under the heading “Investors” as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC.  We also routinely post important information about the Company on our website under the heading “Investors.”  We do not incorporate the information on our website into this document and you should not consider any information on, or that can be accessed through, our website as part of this document.  You may read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at the Securities and Exchange Commission Public Reference Room at 100 F Street NE Washington, DC 20549.  The SEC also maintains a website that contains our reports and other information at www.sec.gov.

 

Corporate Strategy and Objective

 

Our corporate strategy is to acquire and develop highly profitable advanced stage mineral deposits.  Our near-term corporate objective is to profitably develop and operate the Mt. Hope Project and to complete our evaluation and commence development of the Liberty Property.  In the short-term, we are focused on receiving permits required to complete the development of the Mt. Hope Project based on our current schedule, while at the same time conserving our cash resources until such permits are received.

 

We believe we have the following business strengths that will enable us to achieve our objectives:

 

·                                          A strong, proven management team with experience in mine development, project financing, and operations.

 

·                                          The Mt. Hope Project, of which we own 80%, currently in the permitting and development stage, is anticipated to be one of largest and lowest cost primary molybdenum projects in the world, driven, in part, by high ore grades that will be processed early in the mine life.

 

·                                          Our Liberty Property has the potential to become a second, significant, molybdenum operation and is wholly-owned by the Company and royalty-free.

 

·                                          The Mt. Hope Project and the Liberty Property are located in Nevada, which has a long and ongoing history of large-scale, open pit mining operations.

 

·                                          Both the Mt. Hope Project and the Liberty Property have near-by infrastructure for power, access roads, and water and have an environmentally friendly design.

 

·                                          We have strong international support from the steel industry.

 

·                                          We anticipate favorable long-term market fundamentals for molybdenum.

 

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Products

 

We do not currently produce any products.  When the Mt. Hope Project is developed, we expect production (on a 100% basis) of 40 million pounds of molybdenum per year over the first five years on average and approximately 1.1 billion pounds of molybdenum over the expected 44-year life of the project.  The Mt. Hope Project will primarily focus on producing Technical Grade Molybdenum Oxide (“TMO”), which is widely utilized by the steel industry.  In the future, we may also consider producing FerroMolybdenum (“FeMo”), and have designed the Mt. Hope Project plant to accommodate this process, which is also used by the steel industry and would make the Company a more complete supplier to the steelmaking industry.  We may also ultimately produce Ammonium Dimolybdate (“ADM”), which is a chemical used in the manufacture of desulfurizing catalysts for use in petroleum refining.

 

Molybdenum is a refractory metal with very unique properties.  Approximately 70% to 80% of molybdenum applications are in steel making.  Molybdenum, when added to plain carbon and low alloy steels, increases strength, corrosion resistance and high temperature properties of the alloy.  The major applications of molybdenum containing plain and low alloy steels are automotive body panels, construction steel and oil and gas pipelines.  When added to stainless steels, molybdenum imparts specialized corrosion resistance in severe corrosive environments while improving strength.  The major applications of stainless steels are in industrial chemical process plants, desalinization plants, nuclear reactor cooling systems and environmental pollution abatement.  When added to super alloy steels, molybdenum dramatically improves high temperature strength, thermal expansion and contraction resistance and resistance to oxidation in such applications as advanced aerospace engine components.  The effects of molybdenum additions to steels are not readily duplicated by other elements and as such are not significantly impacted by substitution of other materials.

 

Other significant molybdenum applications include lubrication, catalytic sulfur reduction in petrochemicals, lighting, LCD activation screens, x-ray generation, high temperature heat dissipation and high temperature conductivity.  These areas represent the highest technical and value-added applications of molybdenum, but are also the most readily replaceable in times of technical or economic downturns.

 

Competitive Conditions

 

The molybdenum exploration, development and production business is a competitive business.  We anticipate competing with numerous producing companies once the Mt. Hope Project achieves production.

 

The supply of molybdenum comes from both primary molybdenum mines, such as our proposed Mt. Hope Project, and as a byproduct of porphyry copper production.  Each source of supply represents approximately 50% of the global 455 million pounds of molybdenum produced annually.  Although many companies produce molybdenum, many of which also mine other minerals, approximately two-thirds of global production is concentrated among ten companies.

 

After we commence production at both our Mt. Hope Project and Liberty Property, our competitive position will be based on the quality and grade of our ore bodies and our ability to manage costs compared with other producers.  Our costs are driven by the grade and nature of our ore bodies as well as input costs, including energy, labor and equipment.  Our ability to have a competitive position over the long-term will be based on, among other things, our ability to receive necessary permits, successfully finance and develop the Mt. Hope Project and Liberty Property, acquire additional quality deposits, hire and retain a skilled workforce, and manage our costs.

 

Employees

 

The Company had a total of 37 employees, including 32 exempt and 5 hourly employees, as of December 31, 2010.

 

Description of the Mt. Hope Project

 

Overview

 

Effective as of January 1, 2008, we contributed all of our interest in the assets related to the Mt. Hope Project, including our lease of the Mt. Hope Project into the LLC, and on the Closing Date entered into the LLC Agreement for the development and operation of the Mt. Hope Project with POS-Minerals.  Under the LLC Agreement, POS-Minerals owns a 20% interest in the LLC and General Moly, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, owns an 80% interest.  The discussion in this section “Description of the Mt. Hope Project” is based on the entire project, of which we own an 80% interest.

 

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The LLC is proceeding with the permitting and development of the Mt. Hope Project.  The Project will include the development of an open pit mine, construction of a concentrator and a roaster, and construction of all related infrastructure to produce TMO, the most widely marketed molybdenum product.

 

From November 2004 through August 2007 we conducted numerous exploration, drilling and evaluation studies, culminating in the BFS for the Mt. Hope Project.  In 2005, we initiated the baseline studies necessary for development of an Environmental Impact Statement (“EIS”).  We completed an initial POO which the BLM accepted in September 2006.  In December 2006, the BLM selected an environmental firm to complete the EIS for the Mt. Hope Project.  Since that time, the Company has been working with the environmental firm to complete the EIS.  The current schedule for the development of the Mt. Hope Project estimates that the DEIS will be released for publication during the second quarter of 2011, followed by publication in the Federal Register in the third quarter, and receipt of the ROD six to nine months after publication.

 

In addition to working to complete the EIS, the LLC is working to finalize the transfer of water rights to mining use.  In October of 2008, we completed a water rights hearing in Carson City, Nevada and in March 2009 were granted our water rights in a ruling by the State Engineer.  An appeal of that ruling was granted in April 2010 by a Nevada District Court, overturning the original ruling and remanding the matter for another hearing by the State Engineer.  In December 2010, we completed a second water rights hearing in Carson City, Nevada and currently anticipate a ruling by the State Engineer late in the first quarter or during the second quarter of 2011 (see “Permitting-Mt. Hope Permitting Requirements-Water Appropriation Permits-Nevada Division of Water Resources” below).

 

On August 19, 2010, the LLC entered into an agreement with the Eureka Producers’ Cooperative (the “EPC”) whereby Eureka Moly will fund a Sustainability Trust (the “Trust”) in exchange for the cooperation of the EPC with respect to Eureka Moly’s water rights and permitting of the Mt. Hope Project.  The Trust will be tasked with developing and implementing programs that will serve to enhance the sustainability and well-being of the agricultural economy in the Diamond Valley Hydrographic Basin through reduced water consumption, which may include the Trust purchasing and relinquishing water rights in Diamond Valley to help bring the Diamond Valley basin into a more sustainable water balance.  The Trust’s activities will be governed by a five member Board including one Eureka Moly representative.

 

The Trust may be funded by Eureka Moly in the amount of $4.0 million, contributed to the Trust over several years, contingent on the achievement of certain milestones.  The achievement of these milestones is considered to be probable as of December 31, 2010.  As such, the $4.0 million has been accrued in the Company’s December 31, 2010 financial statements.  At least 50% of the contributions would be provided upon receipt of all permits, full financing and the Company’s Board of Directors’ decision to proceed with construction.  The remaining payments would be split evenly with one payment due no later than 150 days from the commencement of commercial production at the Mt. Hope Project and the remaining payment due one year thereafter.

 

In addition to the ROD and the water rights, three state-issued permits are viewed as major environmental permits.  These are the Water Pollution Control (“WPC”) Permit, the Air Quality Permit and the Reclamation Permit.  The LLC continues to develop the applications and supporting information for these permits.  These permits are anticipated to be received on or before the date that the ROD is received (see “Permitting- Mt Hope Permitting Requirements” below).

 

Once financing has become available and the major operating permits and the ROD from the BLM are effective, it is expected that the Mt. Hope Project can be constructed and in production within 20 months.

 

The Mt. Hope Project — the LLC

 

The Mt. Hope Project is owned and will be operated by the LLC under the LLC Agreement.  The LLC currently has a 30-year renewable lease with Mount Hope Mines, Inc. (“MHMI”) for the Mt. Hope Project (“Mt. Hope Lease”).  Located in Eureka County, Nevada, the Mt. Hope Project consists of 13 patented lode claims and one millsite claim, which are owned by MHMI and leased to the LLC, and 1,521 unpatented lode claims, including 109 unpatented lode claims owned by MHMI and leased to the LLC and 1,412 unpatented lode claims owned by the LLC.

 

The Mt. Hope Lease is subject to the payment of certain royalties.  See “Business—Description of the Mt. Hope Project—Royalties, Agreement and Encumbrances” below.  In addition to the royalty payments, the LLC is obligated to maintain the property and its associated water rights, including the payment of all property taxes and claim maintenance fees.  The LLC must also indemnify MHMI against any and all losses incurred as a result of any breach or failure to satisfy any of the terms of the Mt. Hope Lease or any activities or operations on the Mt. Hope property.

 

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The LLC is not permitted to assign or otherwise convey its obligations under the Mt. Hope Lease to a third party without the prior written consent of MHMI, which consent may be withheld in its sole discretion.  If, however, the assignment takes the form of a pledge of our interest in the Mt. Hope Project for the purpose of obtaining financing, MHMI’s consent may not be unreasonably withheld.  The Mt. Hope Lease further requires the LLC to keep the property free and clear of all liens, encumbrances, claims, charges and burdens on production except as allowed for a project financing.

 

The Mt. Hope Lease requires that the terms of any project financing must provide that: (i) any principal amount of debt can only be repaid after payment of the periodic payments as set out in the Mt. Hope Lease; (ii) the lenders may not prohibit or interfere with any advance royalty payments due to MHMI under the Mt. Hope Lease; and (iii) no cash sweeps or payments of excess cash flow may be made to the lenders in priority of such advance royalty payments.

 

The Mt. Hope Lease also contains an after acquired property clause, which requires that any property acquired by the LLC within two miles of the boundary of the Mt. Hope Project be conveyed to MHMI if requested within a certain time period following notification of such acquisition.  MHMI has requested that we maintain ownership of all new claims filed by the LLC, which now includes 1,412 unpatented lode claims.

 

The Mt. Hope Lease may be terminated upon the expiration of its 30-year term, earlier at the election of the LLC, or upon a material breach and failure to cure such breach.  If the LLC terminates the lease, the termination is effective 30 days after receipt by MHMI of written notice to terminate the Mt. Hope Lease.  If MHMI terminates the lease, termination is effective upon receipt of a notice of termination of a material breach, representation, warranty, covenant or term contained in the Mt. Hope Lease and followed by failure to cure such breach within 90 days of receipt of a notice of default.  MHMI may also elect to terminate the Mt. Hope Lease if the LLC has not cured the non-payment of obligations under the lease within 10 days of receipt of a notice of default.  The term of the lease can be extended beyond 30 years if the Mt. Hope Project is in production or intends to resume production (and has provided notice accordingly).

 

Property Description and Location

 

The Mt. Hope Project is located on the eastern flank of Mt. Hope approximately 21 miles north of Eureka, Nevada.  The Mt. Hope Project is located at the southern end of the northwest-trending Battle Mountain-Eureka mineral belt.  Mt. Hope is approximately 2.6 miles due west of State Route 278, and the Mt. Hope Project centers in sections 1 and 12, T22N-R51E and sections 12 and 13, T22N-R51½E.

 

GRAPHIC

 

Nature and Extent of the LLC’s Title

 

The land package for the Mt. Hope Project contains 13 patented lode claims, one patented mill site, and 1,521 unpatented lode claims.  The total surface area covered by the Mt. Hope Project land package is 18,066 acres.  MHMI

 

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owns all of the patented claims and 109 of the unpatented lode claims.  These claims are the subject of the Mt. Hope Lease.  The LLC owns the remaining 1,412 unpatented lode claims.  The patented claims and unpatented claims comprising the Mt. Hope Project are listed by number and ownership in the BFS.  Patented claims are owned real property and unpatented claims are held subject to the paramount title of the United States and remain valid for as long as the claim contains a discovery of valuable minerals as defined by law and the holder pays the applicable fees.

 

Royalties, Agreements and Encumbrances

 

Advance Royalty

 

The Mt. Hope Lease may be terminated upon the expiration of its 30-year term, earlier at the election of the LLC, or upon a material breach of the agreement and failure to cure such breach.  If the LLC terminates the lease, termination is effective 30 days after receipt by MHMI of written notice to terminate the Mt. Hope Lease and no further payments would be due to MHMI.  In order to maintain the lease, the LLC must pay certain deferral fees, advance royalties and production royalties as discussed below.

 

The Mt. Hope Lease Agreement requires a royalty advance (“Construction Royalty Advance”) of 3% of certain construction capital costs, as defined in the Mt. Hope Lease.  The LLC is obligated to pay a portion of the Construction Royalty Advance each time capital is raised for the Mt. Hope Project based on 3% of the expected capital to be used for those certain construction capital costs defined in the lease.  Through December 31, 2010, we have paid $4.2 million of the total Construction Royalty Advance.  We paid an additional $0.6 million in early 2011 as a result of the exercise of outstanding warrants.  Based on our Project Capital Estimate we estimate that $17.9 million remains unpaid related to the Construction Royalty Advance.  Based on the current estimate of raising capital and developing and operating the mine, we believe that 50%, or $9.0 million, of the LLC’s remaining Construction Royalty Advance will be paid on October 19, 2011.  The remaining 50% must be paid on or before October 19, 2012.

 

Once the Construction Royalty Advance has been paid in full, the LLC is obligated to pay an advance royalty (“Annual Advance Royalty”) each October 19 thereafter in the amount of $500,000 per year.  The Construction Royalty Advance and the Annual Advance Royalty are collectively referred to as the “Advance Royalties.”  All Advance Royalties are credited against the MHMI Production Royalties (as hereinafter defined) once the mine has achieved commercial production.  After the mine begins production, the LLC estimates that the Production Royalties will be in excess of the Annual Advance Royalties for the life of the project and, further, the Construction Royalty Advance will be fully recovered (credited against MHMI Production Royalties) by the end of 2015.

 

Production Royalty

 

Following commencement of commercial production, the LLC will be required to pay a production royalty to MHMI and Exxon Corporation (“Exxon”) as follows:

 

(a)                               MHMI Production Royalty

 

After commencement of commercial production at the Mt. Hope Project, the LLC will be required to pay to MHMI a production royalty equal to the greater of: (i) $0.25 per pound of molybdenum metal (or the equivalent of some other product) sold or deemed to be sold from the Mt. Hope Project; or (ii) 3.5% of net returns (“Base Percentage”), if the average gross value of products sold is equal or lower than $12.00 per pound, or the Base Percentage plus 1% of net returns if the average gross value of products sold is higher than $12.00 per pound but equal or lower than $15.00 per pound, or the Base Percentage plus 1.5% of net returns if the average gross value of products sold is higher than $15.00 per pound (“MHMI Production Royalties”).  As used in this paragraph, the term “products” refers to ores, concentrates, minerals or other material removed and sold (or deemed to be sold) from the Mt. Hope Project; the term “gross value” refers generally to proceeds received by us or our affiliates for the products sold (or deemed to be sold); and the term “net returns” refers to the gross value of all products, less certain direct out of pocket costs, charges and expenses actually paid or incurred by us in producing the products.

 

(b)                               Exxon Production Royalty

 

Exxon will receive a perpetual 1% royalty interest in and to all ores, metals, minerals and metallic substances mineable or recoverable from the Mt. Hope Project in kind at the mine or may elect to receive cash payment equal to 1% of the total amount of gross payments received from the purchaser of ores mined/removed/sold from property net of certain deductions.

 

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Environmental Regulations and Permits

 

The Mt. Hope Project is subject to numerous state and federal environmental regulations and permitting processes.  See “Applicable Mining Laws” and “Permitting” below for a detailed description of these requirements.

 

Accessibility, Climate, Local Resources, Infrastructure and Physiography

 

Access

 

The Mt. Hope Project has year-round access from Nevada State Route 278.  The land package includes the land between the project site and State Route 278 making the project accessible from existing roads.

 

Climate

 

Climate in the area is moderate, with average highs in July of about 86 degrees Fahrenheit and lows in January of about 17 degrees Fahrenheit.  Precipitation in the area is relatively low with annual precipitation averages of about 12 inches.  Operations at the site are planned to continue year-round.

 

Local Resources and Infrastructure

 

The town of Eureka, Nevada is approximately 21 miles to the south of the Mt. Hope Project, via State Route 278.  The infrastructure requirements to support the mine and concentrator consist of bringing power and water to the property,  commensurate with the operational requirements, including developing a water well field within the Kobeh Valley, constructing site access roads, and constructing maintenance shops for the mine and plant administrative offices.  A 230kV power line is expected to be developed from the Machacek substation near the town of Eureka to the mine site.

 

Water Rights and Surface Rights

 

Planned water wells, located approximately 6 miles to the south-west of the planned operating facilities, are anticipated to supply approximately 7,000 gallons per minute (“gpm”) to the Mt. Hope Project.  Exploration for water is sufficiently advanced to identify the source of water that will be used for all project water needs, with final fresh water development to occur during the construction of the project.  (See “Permitting — Mt. Hope Permitting Requirements — Water Appropriation Permits-Nevada Division of Water Resources” below for a discussion of the current status of our applications for water rights for use in the Mt. Hope Project.)

 

Surface rights on the Mt. Hope Project include BLM open range grazing rights and stock water rights.  Two power line easements cross within the property boundaries.  An existing easement for a 345 kV transmission line runs north-south on the western edge of the property and the other existing easement is a medium-voltage power line that runs from the old mill facilities east along the main existing access road that connects to State Route 278 to the eastern property boundary.

 

Physiography

 

The Mt. Hope area lies within an area of north-south trending mountains separated by alluvial valleys.  The primary mountain ranges in the Mt. Hope area include the Roberts Mountains, Sulphur Spring Range, Diamond Mountains, Simpson Park Range and the Cortez Mountains.  Elevations of the mountains range from over 10,000 feet for the Roberts Mountains to approximately 6,800 feet for the crests of the Sulphur Spring range.

 

The major valleys in the Mt. Hope region are Diamond Valley to the east, Pine Valley to the north, and Kobeh Valley to the west.  Diamond and Pine Valleys are elongated in a north-south direction.  Kobeh Valley is located to the west and southwest of Mt. Hope.

 

The upper portions of the valleys are similar in nature and are characterized by slightly incised stream channels with no significant associated floodplain.  The uplands and mountains have slopes ranging from moderate to steep (over 30 percent) with shallow to deep, moderately alkaline to medium acidic soils.  Bedrock is often within 0.5 meters of the surface, particularly on the steep upland slopes.

 

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Lake sediments make up the largest areas in the valleys.  The slopes range from smooth to rolling (0 to 15 percent), and the soils vary from shallow to deep and mildly to strongly alkaline.  The surface textures range from silty clay loams to gravelly sandy loams and local sand.  The permeability of these soils ranges from slow to rapid.

 

The natural vegetation of the region consists of pinion juniper and sagebrush with grass.  The pinion juniper occupies the higher elevations of the mountain slopes, with the lower areas in the valley covered predominantly with sagebrush and shrubs with perennial bunchgrasses.

 

Mt. Hope, located in the lower foothills of the southeast flank of the Roberts Mountains, stands approximately 8,400 feet in elevation.  Areas to the east and southeast slope gently to elevations from 6,400 to 7,900 feet.  Diamond Valley, situated to the south and east, is approximately 6,000 feet in elevation.

 

History

 

Prior Ownership and Results of Exploration Work

 

Lead-zinc ores were discovered at Mt. Hope in 1870, and small scale mining was carried out sporadically until the 1970s.  Zinc and adjacent copper mineralization were the focus of drilling activities by Phillips Petroleum in the early 1970s and by ASARCO and Gulf (“ASARCO”) in the mid-1970s which outlined further zinc mineralization.  The last drill hole of this series encountered significant molybdenum mineralization at depth west of the zinc deposits.  The significance of this mineralization was first recognized by ASARCO in 1976, but ASARCO did not reach an agreement with MHMI to test this potential.

 

Exxon recognized molybdenum potential at Mt. Hope in 1978 and acquired an option on the property from MHMI.  By 1982, Exxon had completed 69 holes, which partially defined a major molybdenum deposit underlying the east flank of the Mt. Hope property.  Exxon conducted a +/-25% feasibility study of the Mt. Hope project in 1982.  A draft EIS was completed on the project and public hearings were held in early 1985.  Exxon drilled an additional 60 holes on the property between 1983 and 1988 but did not update their deposit block model with data from the post 1982 holes.  Cyprus drilled four holes on the property in 1989-90 under an agreement with Exxon but did not pursue the project.

 

We established an agreement with MHMI in 2004 pursuant to which we obtained access to the work completed by previous companies that had evaluated the property, including drill core and drill data.  We used this data as the basis for developing an evaluation of the Mt. Hope deposit.  The evaluation provided the basic engineering, plant design and other aspects of analysis of the Mt. Hope Project and outlined a positive operating process, waste disposal, mine design and plan, preliminary EA, permitting plan, operating and capital cost estimates, and the corresponding estimates of mineralized material.

 

Geology

 

Mt. Hope is located in north-central Nevada on the eastern edge of a mineral belt linking ore deposits of diverse ages. The Battle Mountain-Eureka mineral belt, a northwest-southeast trending corridor about 250 miles long, has localized major deposits of gold, silver, copper, and molybdenum.

 

The Mt. Hope molybdenum ore deposit occurs in an area of about two square miles of elevated igneous rocks.  The mineralized complex includes a variety of igneous rocks derived from a common volcanic source.  Quartz porphyry, the primary molybdenum host rock, is commonly veined with molybdenite.  Subordinate molybdenum mineralization also occurs in hornfels. The known orebody occurs in two zones of the quartz porphyry stock and hornfels wallrocks.

 

The ore deposit is a molybdenum porphyry, which is classified as a “Climax —type” deposit.  This type of deposit has well zoned molybdenum mineralization.  The molybdenum mineral content, termed grade zoning, surrounds the central area of the deposit and forms geometries that are circular in plan and arch shaped in section. The mineral zones or “shells” consist of quartz porphyry and hornfels cross-cut by quartz stockwork veining containing molybdenite.  Drilling has proven strong ore grades near the surface and indications of deeper ore grade zones.

 

Mineralization

 

The main form of molybdenum mineralization that occurs within the orebody is molybdenite (MoS2 - molybdenum disulfide).  Much of the known molybdenite is distributed around two lobes and apophyses of the main quartz porphyry

 

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stock and within two separate mineralized zones.  A concentration of higher grade mineralization, averaging 0.15% molybdenum, is present between the eastern and western mineral zones.  Referred to as the Mt. Hope Fault Zone, this area is approximately 1,300 feet in diameter and varies from 325 to 985 feet deep.  This zone is the target of open pit mining in the first 32 years.  Lower grade ore will also be mined and stockpiled during the first 32 years and will be processed in the succeeding 12 years.

 

Exploration

 

Since acquiring access to the Mt. Hope Project, we have completed additional exploration drilling for molybdenum for the purposes of supporting our BFS and obtaining engineering information for items such as geotechnical design, hydrology, and condemnation for waste dumps and tailing ponds as well as infill drilling for ore calculation purposes.

 

The Mt. Hope property has been extensively drilled and all core and assay results are available to the Company.  Accordingly, this data has been used to analyze and quantify the mineral resource based on an extensive high quality database.  The drilling at the Mt. Hope Project has been predominately performed by utilizing diamond core methods, and some reverse circulation (“RC”) in areas of condemnation and water well drilling.  To date, 311 holes have been drilled into the property for a total of 357,177 feet of drilling; 234,402 feet of which is core, the remaining 122,775 feet is RC.

 

Ore to Be Mined

 

The table below summarizes the ore grades we expect to be milled under our BFS mine plans for Mt. Hope.

 

Mill Feed Ore Statistics

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade

 

Mo

 

Category

 

Ktons

 

Mo%

 

Recovery %

 

Ore in Years 1-5

 

110,346

 

0.103

 

87.7

 

Ore in Years 1-10

 

220,737

 

0.094

 

87.3

 

Ore in Years 1-20

 

439,195

 

0.086

 

86.2

 

 

The modeled pit, including the above mineralized material and waste, contains an estimated 2.7 billion tons of total material.  Based on these estimates, from the inception of production through year 32, the mill will process 702,953 thousand tons of ore at an average ore grade of 0.078%.  During this time period low grade ore totaling 262,973 thousand tons with an average ore grade of 0.042% will be stockpiled for later feed into the mill from years 32 through 44.  Waste material totaling 1,741,815 thousand tons will also be mined and disposed of on site.  The total production is based on estimated life of mine and has a 0.034% Mo cutoff grade.

 

Mining

 

The Mt. Hope Project is planned for production by conventional large-scale, hard-rock, open-pit mining methods.  The current mine plan provides for primary loading with an initial fleet of four hydraulic shovels followed by two electric cable shovels and two front-end loaders.  The mine fleet is expected to include 24 240-ton trucks by the end of the first full year of production.  The Company anticipates engaging a contractor to perform approximately 10 months of pre-production stripping concurrent with the initial phases of construction at Mt. Hope.

 

Ore will be hauled directly to the crusher at the southeast side of the pit.  Waste will be delivered to one of four waste sites located around the mine.  One low grade stockpile will be located to the east of the pit.  The low grade material will be re-handled and processed through the plant following the initial 32 years of mining.  The planned storage of low-grade ores is 263 million tons at a grade of 0.042% Mo.

 

Process Overview

 

The process circuit will include:

 

·                                          Primary Crusher & Coarse Ore Stockpile—The primary crusher (60x89 superior gyratory) will be located adjacent to the pit and crushed ore will be fed to a 70,000 ton live capacity stockpile.

 

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·                                          Semi-Autogenous Grinding (“SAG”) & Ball Mill Circuit—Ore will be reclaimed from the stockpile from one of four feeders and fed by conveyor to the SAG mill.  The design will allow for the addition of a pebble crusher.  Following the SAG mill, the ore will be ground to 80% passing 150 microns in the two ball mills at an average daily processing rate of 60,625 tons.

 

·                                          Flotation Circuit—Following the grinding circuit, the ore will be processed in a conventional flotation plant.  The molybdenum ore will be treated through two banks of rougher/scavenger flotation, one stage of first cleaners followed by regrind, and four additional stages of cleaner flotation.  Some molybdenum concentrates with higher levels of contaminant metals will be treated through a concentrate leach facility to produce the final molybdenum concentrate.  Metallurgical results indicated that an estimated mill recovery of approximately 85.8% is achievable across grades ranging from 0.04% through 0.1% Mo with final concentrate grades of approximately 54% to 56% Mo.  The initial 32 years of higher-grade ores will achieve recoveries of about 87%.

 

·                                          Roaster Circuit—Molybdenum concentrate will be further processed in two multi-hearth roasters to produce technical grade molybdenum trioxide product.  The roasting facility will provide a fully integrated process.

 

Tailing Facility

 

The proposed mining and processing operation is expected to produce approximately 22 million tons of tailing (including SO2 scrubber residue) per year.  Approximately 966 million tons of tailing will be produced under the current mine plan.  The Tailing Storage Facility layout provides for the construction of one tailing impoundment that will contain the first 30 plus years of operations.  A second facility is planned for the remaining years of the mine life.  The tailing impoundments will be constructed with HDPE plastic liners for groundwater protection.

 

Bankable Feasibility Study

 

On August 30, 2007, we completed the BFS which established proven reserves totaling 189,675 thousand tons of ore at an average grade of 0.083% molybdenum sulfide and probable reserves totaling 776,251 thousand tons of ore at an average grade of 0.065% molybdenum sulfide summarized as follows.

 

Statement of Reserves and Mineralized Material

Units = Short Tons

 

Reserves

 

 

 

 

 

Proven Reserves

 

Probable Reserves

 

Proven+Probable Reserves

 

Cutoff Grade

 

 

 

Sulfide
Mo

 

 

 

Sulfide
Mo

 

 

 

Sulfide

 

K$Net/hr

 

%Mo Sulfide

 

Ktons

 

Grade%

 

Ktons

 

Grade%

 

Ktons

 

Mo Grade%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

3.000

 

0.034

%

189,675

 

0.083

 

776,251

 

0.065

 

965,926

 

0.068

 

 

Additional Mineralized Material

 

 

 

 

 

Measured

 

Indicated

 

Measured+Indicated

 

Cutoff Grade

 

 

 

Sulfide
Mo

 

 

 

Sulfide
Mo

 

 

 

Sulfide

 

K$Net/hr

 

%Mo Sulfide

 

Ktons

 

Grade%

 

Ktons

 

Grade%

 

Ktons

 

Mo Grade%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

0.001

 

0.024

%

11,089

 

0.029

 

98,552

 

0.030

 

109,641

 

0.030

 

 

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Footnotes to Statements of Reserves and Mineralized Material

 

The cutoff grades are determined by optimizing the net present value based on process costs combined with throughput estimates of recoverable molybdenum included in each phase of the mining and milling processes.  The derived income, based on assumed molybdenum prices, net of processing costs is calculated on a per ton basis and on a per hour milled basis and is expressed in units of thousands of dollars (“K$Net/hr”).

 

Mineralized material is tabulated at the cutoff grade of 0.024% Mo.  Breakeven cutoff covers the cost to mine and process the material.  The Moly cutoff grades in sulfide form are close approximations to K$Net/hr.

 

The final reserve pit design was based on a molybdenum price of $10/lb molybdenum in the saleable form of moly tri-oxide.  The base case financial analysis for the Mt. Hope Feasibility Study utilized molybdenum prices that ranged from $13.50/lb to $28.00/lb.

 

As of December 31, 2010, the approximate three year backward average price for molybdenum was $18.31/lb.  The spot price for molybdenum on the same date was approximately $16.40/lb.  The pit design price and the financial analysis price assumptions are both conservative relative to the 3 year backward average and below recent prices.

 

The reserve at Mt. Hope is based on a block model that utilized the statistical process of Ordinary Linear Kriging constrained by appropriate rock type and grade boundaries.  Base metal models that utilize these common techniques generally account for mining dilution and recovery so that additional factors are not required to be applied to the block model.

 

The metallurgical recovery applied to the determination of reserves was 90% in the flotation mill and 99.2% in the molybdenum roaster.  More detailed process testing and design work later in the feasibility study resulted in a revised average flotation recovery estimate of 85.8%.  This recovery difference is not material because the final open pit design is a practical plan with access roads and mine equipment working room.  The final design is consequently a conservative representation of the mathematical economic pit that was guided by the initial estimates.

 

Capital Cost Estimates

 

Our current estimate of the initial capital is $1,039.3 million.  In addition to the $1,039.3 million in initial capital required, approximately $114.6 million in cash financial assurance requirements and pre-paid items are estimated, resulting in a total of $1,153.9 million.  Ongoing replacement and sustaining mine equipment and process plant capital over the expected 44-year operating life plus the three-year reclamation period is currently estimated to be approximately $642.0 million.  These amounts do not include financing costs or amounts necessary to fund operating working capital.  These cost estimates are based on 2009 constant dollars and will be subject to cost inflation or deflation.  We expect that these cost estimates will continue to evolve over time based on changes in the industry-wide cost structure as well as changes in our operating strategies and initiatives for the project.  The Mt. Hope Project’s anticipated capital requirements are broken down in the following table.

 

Estimated Capital Costs

 

$ Millions

 

Mining Equipment

 

$

134.1

 

Milling Equipment

 

$

175.5

 

Construction

 

$

347.2

 

Owners Costs, Pre-Stripping

 

$

169.5

 

Taxes, freight, spares

 

$

67.9

 

Engineering, Procurement, and Construction Management

 

$

58.7

 

Contingency

 

$

86.4

 

Total Capital

 

$

1,039.3

 

Financial Assurance and pre-paid items

 

$

114.6

 

Total Capital Requirement

 

$

1,153.9

 

Sustaining Capital (40+ years)

 

$

642.0

 

 

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Pricing

 

The worldwide molybdenum price has fluctuated between $5.33 per pound in 2003 to over $40.00 per pound in 2005 and traded in the mid-$30s per pound prior to October 2008, when prices fell from approximately $33.50 per pound to $7.70 per pound in April 2009 as a result of the global economic collapse.  In 2009, prices slowly increased to finish the year at $12.00 per pound and continued to increase in 2010, finishing the year at $16.40 per pound.  In 2010, molybdenum prices averaged $15.81 per pound. Price fluctuations are primarily related to global steel markets.  Price declines in 2008 and 2009 were primarily caused by the global economic collapse when global steel output decreased by 30%.  During 2010, global steel production generally recovered to pre-collapse levels, led by strong demand growth from China.

 

In our feasibility study and for a portion of our financial evaluations, we use molybdenum prices prepared by an independent commodities research company, CPM Group.  Their research is a comprehensive look at both the supply and demand side of the molybdenum market.  Through their research, they forecast global growth rates for molybdenum for both supply and demand.  CPM Group continues to forecast substantially higher prices in the future.  In October 2010, CPM Group forecast that molybdenum prices would average $21.75 in 2011, $28.50 in 2012; $25.00 in 2013; $18.25 in 2014; $13.75 in 2015; $14.50 in 2016, $16.00 in 2017 and $16.85 thereafter.

 

Production

 

Production over the life of the project is estimated to be 1.1 billion pounds of saleable molybdenum.  Production over the first full five years is estimated to average approximately 40 million pounds of molybdenum.  Direct operating costs for the Mt. Hope Project over the first full five years of operation are anticipated to average $5.29 per pound, using $80 per barrel oil equivalent energy costs, and CAS per pound over the first full five years of operation, including anticipated royalties calculated at $15 per pound molybdenum, are anticipated to average $6.00 per pound.  For each $10 change in per barrel oil costs, Mt. Hope’s anticipated direct operating cost changes approximately $0.10 per pound.  Life of mine CAS are estimated to be approximately $7.94 per pound of molybdenum at $80 per barrel oil, inclusive of anticipated royalty payments calculated at $15 per pound molybdenum.

 

Reconciliation between CAS, a measure based on accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), and Direct Operating Costs, a non-GAAP measure, is provided in the table below.

 

Description

 

First Five Years

 

Life of Mine

 

Direct Operating Costs

 

$

5.29

 

$

7.13

 

Royalty payments (1)

 

.71

 

.81

 

Total

 

$

6.00

 

$

7.94

 

 


(1)               Royalty payments are a function of assumed molybdenum prices realized.

 

Description of the Liberty Property

 

On March 17, 2006, we purchased the Liberty Property, an approximately ten square mile property in Nye County, Nevada, including water rights, mineral and surface rights, buildings and certain equipment from High Desert Winds LLC (“High Desert”).  The property includes the former Hall molybdenum and copper deposit that was mined for molybdenum by open pit methods between 1982 and 1985 by Anaconda and between 1988 and 1991 by Cyprus.  Equatorial Tonopah, Inc. mined copper from 1999 to 2000 on this property, although their operations were in a separate open pit also located on the property.  Much of the molybdenum deposit was drilled but not developed or mined by these previous owners.  At closing, we paid High Desert a cash payment of $4.5 million for a portion of the property, and in November 2006, made an additional payment of $1.0 million for the remainder of the property.

 

On January 30, 2007, we purchased Equatorial Mining North America, Inc. and its two subsidiaries, which owned a 12% net smelter returns royalty on the Liberty Property, from Equatorial Mining Pty. Limited, which effectively eliminated all third party royalties on the property.  The consideration paid for the Equatorial acquisition was $4.8 million with an additional deferred payment of $6.0 million due upon commencement of commercial operation of the property.  In connection with the transaction, we acquired $1.2 million in cash accounts and assumed certain environmental liabilities on the reclaimed site.  Additionally in 2007, we purchased all outstanding mineral claims associated with this property that were not previously owned by us thus giving the Company 100% control over all mineral rights within the boundary of the property, as well as claims on BLM property adjacent to the patented grounds.

 

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Since purchasing the Liberty Property, we have completed two drilling programs that, together with historical drilling, identified mineralization totaling 433 million tons averaging 0.071% molybdenum and 0.07% copper.

 

We completed a pre-feasibility study on the Liberty Property in April 2008 that detailed initial capital and operating costs, anticipated mining and milling rates and permitting requirements.  The Liberty Property is a follow-on project to the Mt. Hope Project that we intend to actively pursue following development of the Mt. Hope Project, and dependent on market conditions.  The Company re-started its evaluation program at Liberty in January of 2011, focusing on collecting baseline data for the Nevada State-issued permits, hydro-geological groundwater characterization of the open pit, infill drilling, and logging and assaying prior drill core to improve and update the existing geologic model.  The Company anticipates an update to the pre-feasibility study by the end of 2011, including an evaluation of full feasibility study options.  These activities will be financed using funds received from the exercise of outstanding warrants.

 

History

 

In 1955, Anaconda leased and optioned the Liberty molybdenum prospect and mine in order to evaluate extensive molybdenum and copper occurrences.  From 1956 through 1966, Anaconda explored or delineated molybdenum mineralization over an approximate one square mile area.  Drilling indicated extensive mineralization from the surface to a depth of approximately 2,000 feet.  Drilling delineated approximately 200 million tons of mineralization grading 0.091 percent molybdenum which was included in a long term mining plan.  Mine construction began in 1979 with production from the Hall Mine starting in 1981.  Anaconda ceased operations in 1985 due to low metal prices.  Between 1982 and 1991, Anaconda and successor operator Cyprus Minerals mined a total of 50 million tons of ore grading 0.11 percent molybdenum.  No further molybdenum mining took place after 1991, leaving an estimated 150 million tons of un-mined ore at a grade of 0.09 percent molybdenum.

 

A 100 million ton copper zone independent of the molybdenum was the subject of a copper leach operation by Equatorial between 1995 and 2002.  Approximately 10 million tons were mined before operations ceased in 2002.  The copper zone is not currently being evaluated.

 

The molybdenum mine open pit remains easily accessible for mining.  Various facilities and improvements continue to exist on the property that may be of future use for molybdenum operations including a power supply, water rights, water and well system, offices, truck and vehicle shops, thickening tanks, water and fuel tanks, roads and other structures.  All of the mobile equipment was removed from the property.  Much of the plant area was reclaimed after the 2002 closure with most of the crushing, conveying, grinding, concentrator equipment and other milling equipment being removed from the property.

 

Our combined purchases of the assets and mineral rights at the Liberty Property included all of the lands required for future operations and all of the mineral rights.  The initial years for a new molybdenum operation and mine on this property will be entirely on fee lands owned by us.  As a result, permitting is anticipated to be through state agencies, including the Nevada Department of Environmental Protection (“NDEP”).  There are minor BLM landholdings in the footprint of planned waste stockpiles and the open pit, and at some future time we will pursue acquisition of these lands or perform Federal National Environmental Policy Act (“NEPA”) evaluations to permit use of these lands.  Based on this and because we will be seeking to permit what has been a previous mining operation, we expect to have an expedited permitting schedule as compared to other greenfield start-up projects, such as Mt. Hope.

 

Geology

 

The ore body at the Liberty Property is geometrically displayed as a cylinder, roughly coincident with and draped across, the igneous contact of a Cretaceous quartz porphyry stock and the metamorphosed volcanic host rock.  The cylinder plunges -35° to the southeast.  Molybdenite occurs as selvages on stockwork quartz veins and on bedding planes and tensional shears in the country rock with the majority of the molybdenum resource located in the intrusive.  Host rocks consist of fine grained volcaniclastic rocks, formerly identified as schists and quartzites, intruded by Cretaceous coarse grained quartz-feldspar porphyry.  These are overlain by Tertiary volcanic rocks varying from rhyolitic welded ash-flow tuffs to dacitic and basaltic lava flows.  Tertiary andesite dikes intrude the welded tuffs.

 

The Cretaceous quartz-feldspar porphyry is extensively altered by quartz-muscovite and K-spar flooding.  Internal textures are often obscured by overprinting alteration.

 

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The deposit is cross-cut and offset by a number of post mineral faults.  Major structural trends are north-south and east by northeast-west by southwest.

 

Molybdenum mineralization is concentrated in molybdenite, molybdenum di-sulfide, with lesser amounts of molybdenum oxide.  Copper is concentrated in a blanket of chalcocite above the oxidation boundary and in chalcopyrite below the oxide zone.  Pyrite is a common constituent of most of the ore body.

 

Environmental Investigation - Shoshone County, Idaho

 

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (“CERCLA”), imposes strict, joint, and several liability on parties associated with releases or threats of releases of hazardous substances.  Liable parties include, among others, the current owners and operators of facilities at which hazardous substances were disposed or released into the environment and past owners and operators of properties who owned such properties at the time of such disposal or release.  This liability could include response costs for removing or remediating the release and damages to natural resources.  We are unaware of any reason why our undeveloped properties would currently give rise to any potential CERCLA liability.  We cannot predict the likelihood of future CERCLA liability with respect to our properties, or to surrounding areas that have been affected by historic mining operations.

 

Our mineral property holdings in Shoshone County, Idaho include lands contained in mining districts that have been designated as a “Superfund” site pursuant to CERCLA.  This “Superfund Site” was established to investigate and remediate primarily the Bunker Hill properties of Smelterville, Idaho, a small portion of Shoshone County where a large smelter was located.  However, because of the extent of environmental impact caused by the historical mining in the mining districts, the Superfund Site covers the majority of Shoshone County including our Chicago-London and Little Pine Creek properties (which are distant from the original smelter location) as well as many small towns located in Northern Idaho.  We have conducted a property environmental investigation of these properties which revealed no evidence of material adverse environmental effects at either property.  We are unaware of any pending action or proceeding relating to any regulatory matters that would affect our financial position due to these inactive mining claims in Shoshone County.

 

Applicable Mining Laws

 

Mining in the State of Nevada is subject to federal, state and local law.  Three types of laws are of particular importance to the Mt. Hope Project: those affecting land ownership and mining rights; those regulating mining operations; and those dealing with the environment.

 

The Mt. Hope Project is situated on lands owned by the United States (“Federal Lands”).  The LLC, as the owner or holder of the unpatented mining claims, has the right to conduct mining operations on the lands subject to the required operating permits and approvals, compliance with the terms and conditions of the Mt. Hope Lease, and compliance with applicable federal, state, and local laws, regulations and ordinances.  On Federal Lands, mining rights are governed by the General Mining Law of 1872, as amended, 30 U.S.C. UU 21-161 (various sections), which allows for the location of mining claims on certain Federal Lands upon the discovery of a valuable mineral deposit and on proper compliance with claim location requirements.

 

The operation of mines is governed by both federal and state regulatory programs.  The predominant non-environmental Federal regulatory program affecting operation of the Mt. Hope Project is the mine safety regulations administered by the Mine Safety and Health Administration.  Additional federal laws, such as those governing the purchase, transport, storage or usage of explosives, and those governing communications systems, labor and taxes also apply.  State non-environmental regulatory programs affecting operations include the permitting programs for drinking water systems, sewage and septic systems, water rights appropriations, Department of Transportation, and dam safety (engineering design and monitoring).

 

Environmental regulations require various permits or approvals before any mining operations on the Mt. Hope Project can begin.  Federal environmental regulations are administered primarily by the BLM.  The Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) has delegated authority for the Clean Water Act and Clean Air Act to the State of Nevada.  The NDEP, therefore, has primacy for these programs and is responsible for administering the associated permits for the Mt. Hope Project.  The Bureau of Mining Regulations and Reclamation (“BMRR”) within NDEP administers the WPC and Reclamation permits.  The Bureau of Air Pollution Control (“BAPC”) within NDEP administers the Air Quality Permit.  The NDEP also administers the permit program for onsite landfills.  The Nevada Division of Wildlife administers the artificial industrial pond permit program.  Local laws and ordinances may also apply to such activities as waste disposal, road use and noise levels.  Both our Mt. Hope and Liberty properties will be subject to these various environmental laws and regulations.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Permitting

 

Permit Acquisition and Fundamental Environmental Permitting Considerations

 

We are working to obtain the required principal environmental operating permits for the Mt. Hope Project in anticipation of a possible construction start upon receipt of the permits and availability of financing for the project.  Baseline studies and data acquisition to support permitting were initiated in the fourth quarter of 2005.  Facility designs and operational plans have been refined as data was collected and reviewed to minimize environmental impacts and facilitate the permitting process.  The planned mining and processing operations are consistent with numerous other permitted projects in Nevada, in terms of methods, facility design, equipment, and related engineering plans.

 

Permitting Process Overview

 

The development, operation, closure and reclamation of mining projects in the United States require numerous notifications, permits, authorizations and public agency decisions.  This section does not attempt to exhaustively identify all of the permits and authorizations that need to be granted, but instead focuses on those that are considered to be critical for project start-up.

 

Environmental Inventories

 

There are certain environmental evaluations that routinely must be completed in order to provide the information against which project impacts are measured.  Both the BLM and the NDEP have requirements to profile existing conditions and to evaluate what effects will result from implementing the Mt. Hope Project.

 

Background information on geology, air quality, soils, biology, water resources, wildlife, vegetation, noise, visual resources, social and economic conditions, and cultural resources have been assembled and have been submitted to the appropriate regulatory agencies.

 

Mt. Hope Permitting Requirements

 

The Mt. Hope Project will require both Federal and State permits before it can commence construction and operations.  Major permits required for the Mt. Hope Project include the ROD, a BLM issued permit, water appropriation permits from the Nevada Division of Water Resources, the WPC permit and reclamation permit from the NDEP—BMRR, and an air quality permit from the NDEP— BAPC.  Applications for other time-critical State permits have been submitted for agency review and approval.  The LLC continues to develop and evolve the information supporting these permits based on agency review and feedback.  We believe these other major operating permits will be received on or prior to the effective date of the ROD.

 

Although we currently are targeting the effectiveness of the ROD and the receipt of all major operating permits to occur six to nine months after publication of the DEIS in the Federal Register, circumstances beyond our control, including reviewing agency delays or requests for additional information or studies, and appeals of the BLM decision, could cause the effectiveness of the ROD to be delayed.  The occurrence of any or a combination of these adverse circumstances may increase the estimated costs of development, require us to obtain additional interim financing, and / or delay our ability to consummate project financing or other significant financing.  A delay in the ROD or the receipt of major operating permits also affects the satisfaction of the ROD Contribution Conditions as well as the conditions to Tranche 2 of Hanlong’s investment in our common stock.

 

Plan of Operations Approval—Bureau of Land Management

 

The BLM is preparing an EIS analyzing the environmental impacts of the Mt. Hope Project and alternatives in accordance with the NEPA.  Upon completion and approval of the EIS, the BLM will issue the ROD for the Mt. Hope Project.  The ROD will be effective on the date the BLM has recorded its decision to approve the EIS and POO for the Mt. Hope Project.  We currently expect to receive the ROD six to nine months after publication of the DEIS in the Federal Register.  In September 2006, the BLM determined that the POO met the regulatory requirements with respect to completeness and comprehensiveness.  Since that time, baseline technical reports have been submitted and approved by the BLM and POO updates have been submitted to accommodate additional detail based on progression of project design.  The Preliminary Draft Environmental Impact Statement (“PDEIS”) was completed and provided to Cooperating Agencies on August 18, 2010.  These Agencies provided comments on the PDEIS to the BLM on September 23, 2010.  The BLM and its

 

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Table of Contents

 

independent EIS contractor are currently in the process of reviewing and incorporating the comments into a DEIS.  Once the DEIS is complete, the BLM will advance the DEIS through the Notice of Availability (“NOA”) process, which is the procedural step to publishing the document.  The Company expects the DEIS to be released for publication during the second quarter of 2011 and published in the Federal Register in the third quarter, but delays to the BLM’s review process, which the Company does not control, could push publication later into 2011.  Following publication of the DEIS, the public will be allowed to review and comment on the DEIS and a Final EIS will be drafted prior to the issuance of the ROD, which the Company anticipates receiving six to nine months after publication.

 

Potential environmental issues associated with the proposed operations have been identified and mitigation measures have been developed to minimize potential impacts.  These actions are anticipated to support permitting efforts and to reduce potential environmental liability, and promote good community and social responsibility.

 

Issues of concern are primarily related to geochemistry and the associated potential for acid generation from waste rock, the water quality in the post-mining pit lake, and the potential mobilization of constituents in the tailings.  Other significant potential impacts include effects of groundwater pumping on existing water rights and/or surface water flows, air emissions, reduction of wildlife habitat, including a federally listed sensitive species, and the socioeconomic impact to the community of Eureka.  Extensive laboratory testing has been conducted to fully evaluate the geochemistry of all material types that will be mined.  The waste rock disposal facilities and tailing impoundment designs incorporate components to minimize potential impacts, consistent with accepted and demonstrated industry practices.  State of the art hydrological and geochemical computer modeling predicts that the post-mining pit lake water quality will not pose a threat to wildlife and will therefore not require treatment. Air emissions will be reduced by using state-of-the-art control technology and leading industry practices.  A detailed reclamation plan has been developed to re-establish post-mining land uses, including wildlife habitat.  Other resource-specific mitigation plans have been developed, including those for wild horses and burros, cultural resources, the Pony Express Trail, sage grouse habitat, water resources, bats, and fugitive dust.  The LLC is working with Eureka County to identify opportunities to mitigate socioeconomic impacts.

 

Environmental regulations related to reclamation require that the cost for a third party contractor to perform reclamation activities on the mine site be estimated.  This reclamation cost estimate, once approved by BLM and the NDEP will become the basis for the required financial assurance amount.  The LLC will be required to post a financial instrument upon receiving the ROD to provide a guarantee that this amount will be available to BLM and NDEP for use in conducting reclamation should we become insolvent or default on our reclamation obligations.  Although the Reclamation Permit is administered by the NDEP-BMRR, BLM review is required and the reclamation cost estimate must be approved in conjunction with approval of the POO.  To accommodate this process, the reclamation permit application and reclamation cost estimate is included as part of the POO submittal.

 

A phased reclamation cost estimate will address the anticipated activities for a three-year period from the point of POO approval.  The financial assurance estimate must then be recalculated every three years to include the current activities and those activities anticipated to be completed during the subsequent three-year period.  Preliminary estimates indicate that the project reclamation financial assurance requirements during the first three-year period will be approximately $72.0 million, and could be met with financial instruments other than cash.  The estimated cost of reclamation will increase with every three-year update in conjunction with the growth of the waste rock pile and the tailing impoundments.  It is estimated that financial assurance requirements could reach $170.0 million at the anticipated end of the project (year 44).

 

Water Appropriation Permits—Nevada Division of Water Resources

 

The Mt. Hope Project is primarily centered between two water basins: the Kobeh Valley Basin and the Diamond Valley Basin.  Operation of the Mt. Hope Project is expected to require 7,000 gpm of fresh water that will be sourced from wells located in Kobeh Valley, west of the Mt. Hope Project.  The Company has purchased from existing water rights holders essentially all available water rights in the Kobeh Valley Basin, totaling more than 16,000 acre feet annually.  The Company believes it has sufficient water rights for its planned mining and milling operations.

 

On March 26, 2009, the Nevada State Engineer approved the Company’s water applications granting mining and milling use of 11,300 acre feet annually of water to be drawn from a well field near the Mt. Hope Project.  Two appeals of the ruling were filed by with the Seventh Judicial District Court of the State of Nevada challenging the State Engineer’s decision.  On April 21, 2010, the District Court entered an order remanding the matter for another hearing by the State Engineer.  The Court ruled that the Petitioners’ due process rights to a full and fair hearing were violated when the State Engineer considered and relied upon a version of the Company’s hydrology model that had not been presented to the Petitioners before the hearing.

 

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Table of Contents

 

In June 2010, the Company filed change applications with the State Engineer’s office requesting permits to withdraw water at well locations matching those incorporated in the Company’s final hydrology models now approved by the BLM.  On December 6, 2010, the Nevada State Engineer began a four-day hearing where protests to the Company’s water applications were heard.  The Company currently anticipates a ruling by the State Engineer late in the first quarter or during the second quarter of 2011.

 

On August 19, 2010, the LLC entered into an agreement with the Eureka Producers’ Cooperative (the “EPC”) whereby Eureka Moly will fund a Sustainability Trust (the “Trust”) in exchange for the cooperation of the EPC with respect to Eureka Moly’s water rights and permitting of the Mt. Hope Project.  The Trust will be tasked with developing and implementing programs that will serve to enhance the sustainability and well-being of the agricultural economy in the Diamond Valley Hydrographic Basin through reduced water consumption, which may include the Trust purchasing and relinquishing water rights in Diamond Valley to help bring the Diamond Valley basin into a more sustainable water balance.  The Trust’s activities will be governed by a five member Board including one Eureka Moly representative.

 

The Trust may be funded by Eureka Moly in the amount of $4.0 million, contributed to the Trust over several years, contingent on the achievement of certain milestones.  The achievement of these milestones is considered to be probable as of December 31, 2010.  As such, the $4.0 million has been accrued in the Company’s December 31, 2010 financial statements.  At least 50% of the contributions would be provided upon receipt of all permits, full financing and the Company’s Board of Directors’ decision to proceed with construction.  The remaining payments would be split evenly with one payment due no later than 150 days from the commencement of commercial production at the Mt. Hope Project and the remaining payment due one year thereafter.

 

Water Pollution Control Permit—Nevada Division of Environmental Protection—Bureau of Mining Regulation and Reclamation

 

The BMRR administers the programs for the WPC Permit and the Reclamation Permit, both of which are required for the Mt. Hope Project.  The WPC Permit program specifies design criteria for containment of process fluids and mandates development of monitoring, operational and closure plans.  We believe that the standards for facility design are well-defined and we do not anticipate that the WPC permitting process will be delayed by technical issues.  In addition, the permit review process is well-defined, including timelines, and is codified in regulation.  The permit application was originally submitted in the third quarter of 2008.  We anticipate receiving the WPC Permit close to the BLM’s issuance of the ROD.

 

Air Quality Permit—Nevada Division of Environmental Protection—Bureau of Air Quality

 

Prior to the commencement of construction activities and in conjunction with facility operations, an air quality permit will be necessary.  The Nevada BAPC regulations categorize permit types as Class 1 or Class 2, based on the estimated emissions amounts.  The Mt. Hope Project is subject to a Class 2 permit (smaller emissions) based on preliminary emissions estimates.  The permit application included an emissions inventory and dispersion modeling to demonstrate that emissions from the project will not exceed established air quality standards.  Emissions are primarily associated with the crush/grind circuit (particulate matter) and the roaster (sulfur oxides).  Roaster emissions will be controlled with a 99.7% estimated removal efficiency for sulfur oxides. The permit application was originally submitted in the third quarter of 2008 and has been subsequently revised to address BAPC comments.  We anticipate receiving the permit close to the BLM’s issuance of the ROD.

 

Liberty Property Permitting Requirements

 

We anticipate that the permitting schedule for the Liberty Property will be shorter than for the Mt. Hope Project, due to a relatively shorter permitting process under Nevada State regulations as opposed to the Federal NEPA process.  We control over 14,000 acres, including 5,054 acres of fee land, 946 acres of patented lode claims, 63 acres of patented mill site claims and 7,984 acres of unpatented lode claims.  Our ownership of the assets and mineral rights at the Liberty Property include most of the lands required for future operations and all of the mineral rights.  The initial years for a new molybdenum operation and mine on this property will be entirely on fee lands owned by us.  As a result, permitting is anticipated to be through state agencies, including the NDEP.  There are minor BLM landholdings in the footprint of planned waste stockpiles and at some future time we will pursue acquisition of these lands, or perform NEPA evaluations to permit use of these lands.  Other permits including the water pollution and control, reclamation and air quality as described in previous sections would be required for the Liberty Property site and the level of analysis and time required is anticipated to be consistent with those described for Mt. Hope Project.

 

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In addition to land ownership, two other factors distinguish the Liberty property from Mt. Hope with respect to environmental permitting.  First, water consumption is not as significant an issue at Liberty.  Unlike Mt. Hope, the areas surrounding Liberty are not extensively irrigated.  In addition, we own significant water rights at the Liberty site and have water wells in place.  Second, the area has been mined previously which has resulted in significant surface disturbance.  By conducting exploration drilling on pre-existing disturbance to the extent possible, the amount of disturbance created by exploration drilling is greatly reduced, and permitting requirements to support exploration are reduced.  Furthermore, there is extensive environmental information developed to support permitting of the previous mine operation.  We anticipate that this information can be used to streamline the permitting process for us by reducing the amount of baseline studies and other technical information that must be developed.

 

Other United States Regulatory Matters

 

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”) and related state laws regulate generation, transportation, treatment, storage, or disposal of hazardous or solid wastes associated with certain mining-related activities.  RCRA also includes corrective action provisions and enforcement mechanisms, including inspections and fines for non-compliance.

 

Mining operations may produce air emissions, including dust and other air pollutants, from stationary equipment, such as crushers and storage facilities, and from mobile sources such as trucks and heavy construction equipment.  All of these sources are subject to review, monitoring, permitting, and/or control requirements under the federal Clean Air Act and related state air quality laws.  Air quality permitting rules may impose limitations on our production levels or create additional capital expenditures in order to comply with the permitting conditions.

 

Under the federal Clean Water Act and delegated state water-quality programs, point-source discharges into “Waters of the State” are regulated by the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (“NPDES”) program, while Section 404 of the Clean Water Act regulates the discharge of dredge and fill material into “Waters of the United States,” including wetlands.  Stormwater discharges also are regulated and permitted under that statute.  All of those programs may impose permitting and other requirements on our operations.

 

NEPA requires an assessment of the environmental impacts of “major” federal actions.  The “federal action” requirement can be satisfied if the project involves federal land or if the federal government provides financing or permitting approvals.  NEPA does not establish any substantive standards; it merely requires the analysis of any potential impact.  The scope of the assessment process depends on the size of the project.  An EA may be adequate for smaller projects.  An EIS, which is much more detailed and broader in scope than an EA, is required for larger projects.  NEPA compliance requirements for any of our proposed projects could result in additional costs or delays.

 

The Endangered Species Act (“ESA”) is administered by the U.S. Department of Interior’s U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (“USFWS”).  The purpose of the ESA is to conserve and recover listed endangered and threatened species and their habitat.  Under the ESA, “endangered” means that a species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.  “Threatened” means that a species is likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future.  Under the ESA, it is unlawful to “take” a listed species, which can include harassing or harming members of such species or significantly modifying their habitat.  We conduct wildlife and plant inventories required by regulatory agencies prior to initiating exploration or mining project permitting.  We currently are unaware of any endangered species issues at any of our projects.  A threatened species occurs in limited segments of two creeks approximately 10 miles to the north of the proposed well field for the Mt. Hope Project.  Although hydrologic modeling predicts no impacts to these stream segments, consultation with the USFWS will be required.  Future identification of endangered species or habitat in our project areas may delay or adversely affect our operations.

 

We are committed to fulfilling or exceeding our requirements under applicable environmental laws and regulations.  These laws and regulations are continually changing and, as a general matter, are becoming more restrictive.  Our policy is to conduct our business in a manner that strives to safeguard public health and mitigates the environmental effects of our business activities.  To comply with these laws and regulations, we have made, and in the future may be required to make, capital and operating expenditures.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

You should carefully consider the risks described below and elsewhere in this report, which could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.  If any of the following risks actually occurs, the market price of our common stock would likely decline.  The risks and uncertainties we have described below, however, are

 

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not the only ones we face.  Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our operations.

 

Our investors may lose their entire investment in our securities

 

An investment in our securities is speculative and the price of our securities has been and will continue to be volatile.  Only investors who are experienced in high risk investments and who can afford to lose their entire investment should consider an investment in our securities.

 

Our profitability depends largely on the success of the Mt. Hope Project, the failure of which would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition

 

We are focused primarily on the development of the Mt. Hope Project.  Accordingly, our profitability depends largely upon the successful development and operation of this project.  We are currently incurring losses and we expect to continue to incur losses until sometime after molybdenum production begins at the Mt. Hope Project.  The LLC may never achieve production at the Mt. Hope Project and may never be profitable even if production is achieved.  The failure to successfully develop the Mt. Hope Project would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.  Even if the LLC is successful in achieving production, an interruption in operations at the Mt. Hope Project that prevents the LLC from extracting ore from the Mt. Hope Project for any reason would have a material adverse impact on our business.

 

If certain conditions are not met under the Hanlong transaction documents, our ability to begin construction of the Mt. Hope Project could be delayed further

 

The additional investments by Hanlong in our common stock and the related financing with a Chinese bank and the molybdenum supply agreement are subject to a number of conditions precedent, including receipt by us of required governmental permits, approval of Chinese government authorities for investment in us by Hanlong and loans expected to be made by a Chinese bank, and negotiation of acceptable loan terms with that bank.  These conditions may not be met, in which case our ability to begin construction of the Mt. Hope Project could be delayed further while we attempt to obtain alternative financing.  We may not be successful in obtaining acceptable financing since the current credit markets are difficult for development stage companies.  In addition, we may be subject to financial penalties under the Hanlong transaction if certain milestones are not met in accordance with the agreement.

 

We may require and may not be able to obtain substantial additional financing in order to fund the operations of the Company and the LLC and if we are successful in raising additional capital, it may have dilutive and other adverse effects on our stockholders

 

If the actual costs to complete the development of the Mt. Hope Project are significantly higher than we expect, we may not have enough funds to cover these costs and we may not be able to obtain other sources of financing.  The failure to obtain all necessary financing would prevent the LLC from achieving production at the Mt. Hope Project and impede our ability to become profitable.

 

We continue to review the technical merits of the Liberty Property which will also require significant additional capital to permit and/or commence mining activities at this property.  We may not be able to obtain the financing necessary to develop the Liberty Property should we decide to do so.

 

If additional financing is not available, or available only on terms that are not acceptable to us, we may be unable to fund the development and expansion of our business, attract qualified personnel, take advantage of business opportunities or respond to competitive pressures.  Any of these events may harm our business.  Also, if we raise funds by issuing additional shares of our common stock, preferred stock, debt securities convertible into preferred or common stock, or a sale of additional minority interests in our assets, our existing stockholders will experience dilution, which may be significant, to their ownership interest in us or our assets.  If we raise funds by issuing shares of a different class of stock other than our common stock or by issuing debt, the holders of such different classes of stock or debt securities may have rights senior to the rights of the holders of our common stock.

 

Our inability to satisfy certain conditions under the LLC Agreement required to be satisfied by December 31, 2011 will require the LLC to pay a penalty to our LLC partner, POS-Minerals

 

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As commercial production at the Mt. Hope Project will not occur by December 31, 2011, and if POS-Minerals has made its additional $56.0 million contribution, the LLC Agreement with POS-Minerals requires the LLC to make a distribution to POS-Minerals of up to $36.0 million, 20 days after the commencement of commercial production, as defined by the LLC Agreement, as a penalty (“Penalty”) for the delay in commencement of production, with no corresponding reduction in POS-Minerals’ ownership interest in the LLC.

 

The LLC may not be able to satisfy the ROD Contribution Conditions at all.  The satisfaction of the ROD Contribution Conditions are subject to a number of factors that are beyond our control, including the issuance of the ROD by the BLM and the ability of third parties to initiate administrative or judicial appeals after the issuance of the ROD.  In addition, the Mt. Hope Project will not achieve commercial production by December 31, 2011, based on our current plan and expected timetable, or may not achieve commercial production at all.  As a result, we expect that we will be required to pay the Penalty if POS-Minerals has made its additional $56.0 million contribution.

 

Because POS-Minerals has elected to retain its 20% interest in the LLC and we anticipate being required to make the Penalty payment to POS-Minerals, we may not be able to provide sufficient funding to the LLC to develop the Mt. Hope Project, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.  In addition, in such cases we may be required to seek additional capital which may not be available to us on commercially reasonable terms, if at all.  Any such additional financing could dilute or otherwise adversely impact the rights of our existing stockholders.

 

The LLC Agreement gives POS-Minerals the right to approve certain major decisions regarding the Mt. Hope Project

 

The LLC Agreement requires unanimous approval of the members for certain major decisions regarding the Mt. Hope Project.  This effectively provides either member with a veto right over the specified decisions.  These decisions include:

 

·                  Approval of the operations to be conducted and objectives to be accomplished by the Mt. Hope Project (“Program and Budget”);

 

·                  Approval of the budget for costs to be incurred by the LLC and the schedule of cash capital contributions to be made to the LLC (“Budget”);

 

·                  Approval of cost overruns in excess of 15% of an approved Program and Budget;

 

·                  Approval of an expansion or contraction of the average tpd planned of 20% or more from the relevant tpd throughput schedule in the BFS;

 

·                  Approval of the LLC’s acquisition or disposition of significant real property, water rights or real estate assets;

 

·                  Approval of the incurrence of indebtedness by the LLC that requires (1) an asset of the LLC to be pledged as security, (2) the pledge of a membership interest in the LLC or (3) a guaranty by either the Company or POS-Minerals, other than in each instance a purchase money security interest or other security interest in the LLC to finance the acquisition or lease of equipment; and

 

·                  Approval of the issuance by the LLC of an ownership interest to any person other than Nevada Moly or POS-Minerals.

 

The requirement that certain decisions be approved by POS-Minerals may make it more difficult for our stockholders to benefit from certain decisions or transactions that we would otherwise cause the LLC to make if they are opposed by POS-Minerals.

 

Fluctuations in the market price of molybdenum could adversely affect the value of our company and our securities

 

The profitability of our mining operations will be influenced by the market price of the metals we mine.  The market prices of metals such as molybdenum fluctuate widely and are affected by numerous factors beyond the control of any mining company.  These factors include fluctuations with respect to the rate of inflation, the exchange rates of the U.S. dollar and other currencies, interest rates, global or regional political and economic conditions and banking crises, global and regional demand, production costs in major molybdenum producing areas and a number of other factors.  Sustained periods

 

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of low molybdenum prices would adversely impact our revenues, profits and cash flows.  In particular, a sustained low molybdenum price could:

 

·                  cause a continued delay and suspension of our development activities and, ultimately, mining operations at our Mt. Hope Project, if such operations become uneconomic at the then-prevailing molybdenum price;

 

·                  prevent us from fulfilling our obligations under our agreements or under our permits and licenses which could cause us to lose our interests in, or be forced to sell our properties; and

 

·                  have a continued negative impact on the availability of financing to us.

 

Furthermore, the need to reassess the feasibility of any of our projects if molybdenum prices were to significantly decline could cause substantial delays.  Mineral reserve calculations and life-of-mine plans using lower molybdenum prices could result in reduced estimates of mineral reserves and in material write-downs of our investment in mining properties and increased amortization, reclamation and closure charges.

 

The volatility in metals prices is illustrated by the quarterly average price range from January 2002 through February 2011 for molybdenum: (lb) $2.73 - $35.37.  Average molybdenum prices are quoted in Platt’s Metals Week.  After a period of high sustained molybdenum prices in 2004 through September 2008, where the price of molybdenum averaged $27.34 per pound, the price of molybdenum fell to approximately $7.70 per pound in April 2009.  Although we estimate the Mt. Hope Project’s average cost of production over the first five years to be approximately $7.00 per pound, a sustained period of lower molybdenum prices would have material negative impacts on the Company’s profitability.

 

Our profitability is subject to demand for molybdenum, and any decrease in that demand, or increase in the world’s supply, could adversely affect our results of operations

 

Molybdenum is used primarily in the steel industry.  The demand for molybdenum from the steel industry and other industries was extremely robust through the third quarter of 2008, primarily fueled by growth in Asia and other developing countries.  Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2008, the global economic crisis forced steel companies to substantially reduce their production levels with a corresponding reduction in the consumption of molybdenum which contributed to the decline in the price of molybdenum.  Current forecasts anticipate a substantial rebound in demand growth for molybdenum in 2011 from 2009 levels as global growth re-emerges.  However, sustained low molybdenum demand resulting from a prolonged global economic distress may cause prolonged periods of low molybdenum prices ultimately resulting in a continued suspension of our development or, in the future a suspension of our mining operations at our Mt. Hope Project.

 

A sustained significant increase in molybdenum supply could also adversely affect our results.  The CPM Group estimate that during the next five years a total of 198.3 million annual pounds of production could be added to the supply of molybdenum (including 40 million of supply from our Mt. Hope Project).  In the event demand for molybdenum does not increase to consume the potential additional production, the price for molybdenum may be adversely affected.

 

We are exposed to counter party risk, which may adversely affect our results of operations

 

The off-take agreements the Company has completed including contracts with ArcelorMittal, SeAH Besteel, Sojitz, and Hanlong contain provisions allowing for the sale of molybdenum at certain floor prices, or higher, over the life of the five year agreements.  During the past 18 months there have been periods where the spot molybdenum prices fell below the floor prices in the contracts.  During these time periods all four contracts would have provided for the company to sell molybdenum at above-spot prices.  In the event that our contract parties choose not to honor their contractual obligations, our profitability may be adversely impacted.

 

We may not be able to obtain or renew licenses, rights and permits required to develop or operate our mines, or we may encounter environmental conditions or requirements that would adversely affect our business

 

In the ordinary course of business, mining companies are required to seek governmental permits for expansion of existing operations or for the commencement of new operations. The LLC will be required to obtain a Record of Decision from the BLM authorizing implementation of the Mt. Hope Project POO.  This approval can be obtained only after successful completion of the National Environmental Policy Act process of environmental evaluation, which incorporates substantial public comment.  The LLC will also need to obtain various state and federal permits including water protection, air quality, water rights and reclamation permits In addition to requiring permits for the development of the Mt Hope mine,

 

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we will need to obtain and modify various mining and environmental permits during the life of the project.  Obtaining, modifying, and renewing the necessary governmental permits is a complex and time-consuming process involving numerous jurisdictions and often involving public hearings and substantial expenditures.  The duration and success of our efforts to obtain, modify or renew permits will be contingent upon many variables, some of which are not within our control.  Increased costs or delays could occur, depending on the nature of the activity to be permitted and the interpretation of applicable requirements implemented by the permitting authority.   All necessary permits may not be obtained and, if obtained, may not be renewed, or the costs involved in each case may exceed those that we previously estimated.  It is possible that the costs and delays associated with compliance with such standards and regulations could become such that we would not proceed with the development or operation of the Mt Hope Mine.

 

The development of the Mt. Hope Project may be delayed, which could result in increased costs or an inability to complete its development

 

The LLC may experience delays in developing the Mt. Hope Project.  These could increase its development costs, affect its economic viability, or prevent us from completing its development.  The timing of development of the Mt. Hope Project depends on many factors, some of which are beyond our and the LLC’s control, including:

 

·                  timely issuance of permits and licenses;

 

·                  timely availability of equipment;

 

·                  sustained low prices for molybdenum;

 

·                  acquisition of surface land and easement rights required to develop and operate the project;

 

·                  completion of advanced engineering,

 

·                  timely execution of the remaining portions of the Hanlong transaction; and

 

·                  construction of the project.

 

In addition, factors such as sustained low prices of molybdenum and volatility in foreign exchange or interest rates, as well as international political unrest, could adversely affect our ability to obtain adequate financing to fund the development of the project on a timely basis.  Any delays caused by our inability to raise capital when needed may lead to the cancellation or extension of, or defaults under, agreements with equipment manufacturers or a need to sell equipment already purchased, any of which may adversely impact the Mt. Hope project timeline.  Additionally, delays to the Mt. Hope Project schedule have consequences with regard to our LLC agreement with POS-Minerals, including potential claims by POS-Minerals, which may serve to increase our capital obligations and further enhance this risk factor.

 

Our mineralization and reserve estimates are uncertain, and any material inaccuracies in those estimates could adversely affect the value of our mineral reserves

 

There are numerous uncertainties inherent in estimating mineralization and reserves, including many factors beyond our control.  The estimation of mineralization and reserves is a subjective process and the accuracy of any such estimates is a function of the quality of available data and of engineering and geological interpretation and judgment.  Results of drilling, metallurgical testing, production, and the evaluation of mine plans subsequent to the date of any estimate may justify revision of such estimates.  The volume and grade of mineralization and reserves recovered and rates of production may be less than anticipated.  Assumptions about prices are subject to greater uncertainty and metals prices have fluctuated widely in the past.  Further declines in the market price of molybdenum and copper may render mineralization and reserves containing relatively lower grades of ore uneconomic to exploit, which may materially and adversely impact our reserve and mineralization estimates at our projects.  Changes in operating and capital costs and other factors including, but not limited to, short-term operating factors such as the need for sequential development of ore bodies and the processing of new or different ore grades, may also materially and adversely affect mineralization and reserves.

 

Any material inaccuracies in our production estimates could adversely affect our results of operations

 

We have prepared estimates of future molybdenum production.  We or the LLC may never achieve these production estimates or any production at all.  Our production estimates depend on, among other things:

 

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·                  the accuracy of our mineralization and reserves estimates;

 

·                  the accuracy of assumptions regarding ore grades and recovery rates;

 

·                  ground conditions and physical characteristics of the mineralization, such as hardness and the presence or absence of particular metallurgical characteristics;

 

·                  the accuracy of estimated rates and costs of mining and processing;

 

·                  the ability to obtain all permits and construct a processing facility at Mt. Hope.

 

Our actual production may vary from our estimates if any of our assumptions prove to be incorrect.  With respect to the Mt. Hope Project, we do not have the benefit of actual mining and production experience in verifying our estimates, which increases the likelihood that actual production results will vary from the estimates.

 

Mining is inherently dangerous and subject to conditions or events beyond our control, and any operating hazards could have a material adverse effect on our business

 

Mining at the Mt. Hope Project will involve various types of risks and hazards, including: environmental hazards, industrial accidents, metallurgical and other processing problems, unusual or unexpected rock formations, structure cave-in or slides, flooding, fires and interruption due to inclement or hazardous weather conditions.

 

These risks could result in damage to, or destruction of, mineral properties, production facilities or other properties, personal injury or death, environmental damage, delays in mining, increased production costs, monetary losses and possible legal liability.  We may not be able to obtain insurance to cover these risks at economically feasible premiums and some types of insurance may be unavailable or too expensive to maintain.  We may suffer a material adverse effect on our business and the value of our securities may decline if we incur losses related to any significant events that are not covered by our insurance policies.

 

Our operations make us susceptible to environmental liabilities that could have a material adverse effect on us

 

Mining is subject to potential risks and liabilities associated with the potential pollution of the environment and the necessary disposal of mining waste products occurring as a result of mineral exploration and production.  Insurance against environmental risk (including potential liability for pollution or other hazards as a result of the disposal of waste products occurring from exploration and production) is not generally available to us or the LLC (or to other companies in the minerals industry) at a reasonable price.  To the extent that we become subject to environmental liabilities, the satisfaction of any such liabilities would reduce funds otherwise available to us and could have a material adverse effect on us.  Laws and regulations intended to ensure the protection of the environment are constantly changing, and are generally becoming more restrictive.

 

Legal title to the properties in which we have an interest may be challenged, which could result in the loss of our rights in those properties

 

The ownership and validity, or title, of unpatented mining claims are often uncertain and may be contested.  A successful claim contesting our title or interest to a property or, in the case of the Mt. Hope Project, the land-owner’s title or interest to such property could cause us and/or the LLC to lose the rights to mine that property.  In addition, the success of such a claimant could result in our not being compensated for our prior expenditures relating to the property.

 

Climate change and climate change legislation or regulations may adversely impact General Moly’s planned future operations

 

Energy is anticipated to be a significant input in General Moly’s operations.  A number of governmental bodies have introduced or are contemplating legislative and regulatory change in response to the possible impacts of climate change including pending U.S. legislation that, if enacted, may limit and reduce greenhouse gas emissions through a “cap and trade” system of allowances and credits, among other provisions. In addition, the EPA has for the first time required large emitters of greenhouse gases to collect and report data with respect to their greenhouse gas emissions. Such legislation and regulation, if enacted, could negatively impact future profitability at General Moly’s assets. These regulatory mechanisms may be either voluntary or legislated and may impact General Moly’s planned future operations directly or indirectly through customers or our supply chain. Assessments of the possible impact of future climate change legislation, regulation and international

 

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treaties and accords are uncertain. The Company may realize increased capital expenditures resulting from required compliance with revised or new legislation or regulations, costs to purchase or profits from sales of, allowances or credits under a “cap and trade” system, increased insurance premiums and deductibles as new actuarial tables are developed to reshape coverage, a change in competitive position relative to industry peers and changes to profit or loss arising from increased or decreased demand for goods produced by the company and indirectly, from changes in costs of goods sold.

 

The possible physical impacts of climate change on the Company’s planned future operations are highly uncertain. These may include changes in rainfall patterns, shortages of water or other natural resources, changing sea levels, changing storm patterns and intensities, and changing temperature levels. These effects may adversely impact the cost, production and financial performance of General Moly’s planned future operations.

 

Mineral exploration and mining activities require compliance with a broad range of laws and regulations, and compliance with or violation of these laws and regulations may be costly

 

Mining operations and exploration activities are subject to national and local laws and regulations governing prospecting, development, mining, production, exports, taxes, labor standards, occupational health and safety, waste disposal, toxic substances, land use, environmental protection, reclamation obligations and mine safety.  In order to comply with applicable laws and regulations, we may be required to make capital and operating expenditures or to close an operation until a particular problem is remedied.  In addition, if our activities violate any such laws and regulations, we may be required to compensate those suffering loss or damage, and may be fined if convicted of an offense under such legislation.  We may also incur additional expenses and our projects may be delayed as a result of changes and amendments to such laws and regulations, including changes in local, state, and federal taxation.

 

Land reclamation requirements for exploration properties may be burdensome, may divert funds from our exploration programs and could have an adverse effect on our financial condition

 

Although variable, depending on location and the governing authority, land reclamation requirements are generally imposed on mineral exploration companies, as well as companies with mining operations, in order to minimize long term effects of land disturbance.  Reclamation may include requirements to control dispersion of potentially deleterious effluents and to reasonably re-establish pre-disturbance land forms and vegetation.  In order to carry out reclamation obligations imposed on us in connection with our mineral exploration, we and the LLC must allocate financial resources that might otherwise be spent on further exploration programs.  Such costs could also have an adverse affect on our financial condition.

 

Non-compliance with our Mt. Hope Lease could result in loss of the LLC’s rights to develop the Mt. Hope Project and may adversely affect our business

 

The LLC leases the Mt. Hope Project from MHMI under the Mt. Hope Lease.  Failure to comply with the terms of the Mt. Hope Lease (which principally require us to make prescribed payments on or before certain prescribed dates) could result in loss of the LLC’s rights to develop the Mt. Hope Project.  Any loss of rights under the Mt. Hope Lease would have a material adverse effect on us and our ability to generate revenues.

 

Our ability to operate our company effectively could be impaired if we lose key personnel or if we are not able to attract and retain the additional personnel we will need to develop any of our projects, including the Mt. Hope Project

 

We are a small company with a limited operating history and relatively few employees.  The development of any of our proposed projects, including the Mt. Hope Project, will place substantial demands on us.  We depend on the services of key executives and a small number of personnel, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Vice President of Engineering and Construction, Corporate Counsel and Vice President of Human Resources, Mt. Hope General Manager, Controller and Treasurer, and Director of Environmental and Permitting.  We will be required to recruit additional personnel and to train, motivate and manage these new employees.  The number of persons skilled in the development and operation of mining properties is limited and significant competition exists for these individuals.  We may not be able to employ key personnel or to attract and retain qualified personnel in the future.  We do not maintain “key person” life insurance to cover our executive officers.  Due to the relatively small size of our company, the loss of any of our key employees or our failure to attract and retain key personnel may delay or otherwise adversely affect the development of the Mt. Hope Project, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

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We rely on independent contractors and experts and technical and operational service providers over whom we may have limited control

 

Because we are a small development stage company, we rely on independent contractors to assist us with technical assistance and services, contracting and procurement and other matters, including the services of geologists, attorneys, engineers and others.  Our limited control over the activities and business practices of these service providers or any inability on our part to maintain satisfactory commercial relationships with them may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Changes to the General Mining Law of 1872 and related Federal legislation that impact unpatented mining claims could adversely impact the Mt. Hope Project

 

The Mt. Hope Project is located substantially on unpatented mining claims administered by the BLM.  Mining on unpatented mining claims is conducted pursuant to the General Mining Law of 1872 and amendments thereto.  Legislation for the amendment of the mining laws applicable to mining property has been considered by the United States Congress which may include imposition of a governmental royalty and new permitting and environmental rules.  Amendments to the mining laws could cause delays, increase the costs and have an adverse effect on the returns anticipated from the Mt. Hope Project.

 

Increased costs could affect our ability to become profitable

 

Costs at any particular mining location frequently are subject to variation due to a number of factors, such as changing ore grade, changing metallurgy and revisions to mine plans in response to the physical shape and location of the ore body.  In addition, costs are affected by the price of commodities, such as fuel, electricity and labor.  Commodity costs are at times subject to volatile price movements, including increases that could make production at our projects less profitable or uneconomic.

 

We anticipate significant capital expenditures over the next several years in connection with the development of the Mt. Hope Project.  In the past several years, costs associated with capital expenditures have escalated on an industry-wide basis as a result of major factors beyond our control, including the prices of oil, steel and other commodities.  Increased costs for capital expenditures have an adverse effect on the returns anticipated from the Mt. Hope Project.  Such cost pressures have recently subsided, although they could return within the Mt. Hope or Liberty project development horizon.

 

Shortages of critical parts, equipment and skilled labor may adversely affect our development projects

 

The industry has been impacted at times by increased worldwide demand for critical resources such as input commodities, drilling equipment, tires and skilled labor.  Shortages may cause unanticipated cost increases and delays in delivery times, potentially impacting operating costs, capital expenditures and production schedules.

 

Costs estimates and timing of new projects are uncertain

 

The capital expenditures and time required to develop new mines or other projects are considerable and changes in costs or construction schedules can affect project economics.  There are a number of factors that can affect costs and construction schedules, including, among others:

 

·                  availability of labor, power, transportation, commodities and infrastructure;

 

·                  increases in input commodity prices and labor costs;

 

·                  fluctuations in exchange rates;

 

·                  availability of financing;

 

·                  difficulty of estimating construction costs over a period of years; and

 

·                  delays in obtaining environmental or other government permits.

 

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Legislation, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, may make it difficult for us to retain or attract officers and directors and increase the costs of doing business which could adversely affect our financial position and results of operations

 

We may be unable to attract and retain qualified officers, directors and members of board committees required to provide for our effective management as a result of the recent changes and currently proposed changes in the rules and regulations which govern publicly-held companies.  The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 has resulted in a series of rules and regulations by the SEC that increase responsibilities and liabilities of directors and executive officers.  The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, adopted in July 2010, imposes significant additional obligations and disclosure requirements, as to which SEC rulemaking is ongoing.  We are a small company with a limited operating history and no revenues or profits, which may influence the decisions of potential candidates we may recruit as directors or officers.  The real and perceived increased personal risk associated with these requirements may deter qualified individuals from accepting these roles.  In addition, costs of compliance with such legislation, including several provisions specifically applicable to companies engaged in mining operations, could have a significant impact on our financial position and results of operations.

 

Our common stock has a limited public market, which may adversely affect the market price of our shares and make it difficult for our stockholders to sell their shares

 

Our shares are currently listed and traded on the NYSE Amex and the TSX Exchanges.  We may not be able to meet the continued listing criteria for either such exchange or an active and liquid trading market may not be maintained for our common stock.  Such a failure may have a material adverse impact on the market price of our shares and a stockholder’s ability to dispose of our common stock in a timely manner or at all.

 

We do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future

 

We do not plan to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.  The payment of future cash dividends, if any, will be reviewed periodically by our board of directors and will depend upon, among other things, conditions then existing, including our earnings, financial condition and capital requirements, restrictions in financing agreements, business opportunities and conditions, and other factors.

 

Provisions of Delaware law and our charter and bylaws and the existence of our stockholder rights plan may delay or prevent transactions that would benefit stockholders

 

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and the Delaware General Corporation Law contain provisions that may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change of control of the company.  These provisions, among other things:

 

·                  provide for staggering the terms of directors by dividing the total number of directors into three groups;

 

·                  authorize our board of directors to set the terms of preferred stock;

 

·                  restrict our ability to engage in transactions with stockholders with 15% or more of outstanding voting stock;

 

·                  authorize the calling of special meetings of stockholders only by the board of directors, not by the stockholders;

 

·                  limit the business transacted at any meeting of stockholders to those purposes specifically stated in the notice of the meeting; and

 

·                  prohibit stockholder action by written consent without a meeting and provide that directors may be removed only at a meeting of stockholders.

 

In addition, in March 2010, our Board of Directors adopted a stockholder rights plan, commonly known as a “poison pill,” which is designed to prevent or discourage acquisition of more than 20 percent of our outstanding stock without the prior approval of our Board.  While our Board believes that the rights plan is in the best interests of our stockholders, its existence could prevent an acquisition of our shares that might be at a premium to the market price and that stockholders might view as beneficial.

 

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Because of these provisions, persons considering unsolicited tender offers or other unilateral takeover proposals may be more likely to negotiate with our board of directors rather than pursue non-negotiated takeover attempts.  As a result, these provisions may make it more difficult for our stockholders to benefit from transactions that are opposed by an incumbent board of directors.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

Certain statements in this document may constitute forward-looking statements, which involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause actual results, performance or achievements of our company, the Mt. Hope Project and our other projects, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.  We use the words “may”, “will”, “believe”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “intend”, “future”, “plan”, “estimate”, “potential” and other similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements may include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to the following:

 

·                  our dependence on the success of the Mt. Hope Project;

 

·                  the ability to obtain all required permits and approvals for the Mt. Hope Project and the Liberty Property;

 

·                  issues related to the management of the Mt. Hope Project pursuant to the LLC Agreement;

 

·                  the dependence of additional investments by Hanlong and a loan from a Chinese bank on significant consents, approvals and conditions precedent which may not be obtained or met;

 

·                  negotiation of acceptable loan terms with a Chinese bank in connection with the Hanlong transaction;

 

·                  risks related to the failure of POS-Minerals to make contributions pursuant to the LLC Agreement;

 

·                  fluctuations in the market price of, and demand for, molybdenum and other metals;

 

·                  the estimation and realization of mineral reserves and production estimates, if any;

 

·                  the timing of exploration, development and production activities and estimated future production, if any;

 

·                  estimates related to costs of production, capital, operating and exploration expenditures;

 

·                  requirements for additional capital and our ability to obtain additional capital in a timely manner and on acceptable terms;

 

·                  our ability to renegotiate, restructure, suspend, cancel or extend payment terms of contracts as necessary or appropriate in order to conserve cash;

 

·                  government regulation of mining operations, environmental conditions and risks, reclamation and rehabilitation expenses;

 

·                  title disputes or claims;

 

·                  limitations of insurance coverage; and

 

·                  the future price of molybdenum, gold, silver or other metals.

 

These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including those identified under “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”  Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, our actual results could differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, and any events anticipated in the forward-looking statements may not actually occur.

 

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ITEM 1B.          UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 3.                   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

The Mt. Hope Project is primarily centered between two water basins: the Kobeh Valley Basin and the Diamond Valley Basin.  Operation of the Mt. Hope Project is expected to require 7,000 gpm of fresh water that will be sourced from wells located in Kobeh Valley, west of the Mt. Hope Project.  The Company has purchased from existing water rights holders essentially all available water rights in the Kobeh Valley Basin, totaling more than 16,000 acre feet annually.  The Company believes it has sufficient water rights for its planned mining and milling operations.

 

On March 26, 2009, the Nevada State Engineer approved the Company’s water applications that requested mining and milling use of 11,300 acre feet annually of water to be drawn from a well field near the Mt. Hope Project.  Two appeals of the ruling were filed with the Seventh Judicial District Court of the State of Nevada challenging the State Engineer’s decision.  On April 21, 2010, the District Court entered an order remanding the matter for another hearing by the State Engineer.  The Court ruled that the Petitioners’ due process rights to a full and fair hearing were violated when the State Engineer considered and relied upon a version of the Company’s hydrology model that had not been presented to the Petitioners before the hearing.

 

In June 2010, the Company filed change applications with the State Engineer’s office requesting permits to withdraw water at well locations matching those incorporated in the Company’s final hydrology models now approved by the BLM.  The applications previously granted by the State Engineer’s office contained proposed well locations that the Company no longer intends to utilize based on additional groundwater modelling and exploration.  On December 6, 2010, the Nevada State Engineer began a four-day hearing where protests to the Company’s water applications were heard.  The Company currently anticipates a ruling by the State Engineer late in the first quarter or during the second quarter of 2011.

 

ITEM 4.                   [RESERVED]

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

On August 16, 2006 our common stock began trading on the American Stock Exchange (“AMEX”) (now the NYSE Amex) under the symbol “GMO”.  On February 14, 2008 our common stock began trading on the TSX, also under the symbol “GMO”.

 

The following table sets forth for our common stock closing price as reported on the NYSE Amex.

 

Year

 

Quarter

 

High

 

Low

 

2010

 

First Quarter

 

$

3.99

 

$

2.12

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

$

4.30

 

$

3.08

 

 

 

Third Quarter

 

$

3.66

 

$

2.90

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

7.00

 

$

3.56

 

2009

 

First Quarter

 

$

1.42

 

$

0.64

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

$

2.98

 

$

1.14

 

 

 

Third Quarter

 

$

3.55

 

$

1.75

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

3.18

 

$

1.92

 

 

Holders

 

As of February 28, 2011, there were approximately 584 holders of record of our common stock.

 

Dividends

 

We have never declared or paid dividends on our common stock and we do not anticipate paying any dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.  We will pay dividends on our common stock only if and when declared by our board of directors.  Our board’s ability to declare a dividend is subject to limits imposed by Delaware corporate law.  In determining whether to declare dividends, the board will consider these limits, our financial condition, results of operations, working capital requirements, future prospects and other factors it considers relevant.

 

Equity Compensation Plans

 

See Note 7 to the Financial Statements herein for information relating to our equity compensation plans.

 

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Stock Performance Graph

 

The performance graph covers the period from December 31, 2005 through December 31, 2010.  The graph compares the total return of our common stock (GMO) to the Dow Jones US Mining Index, the AMEX Russell 2000 Index and selected competitors in our industry, assuming an initial investment of $100.00 (in the case of Moly Mines assumes an investment of $100.00 on October 27, 2006, their first day of trading).

 

 

Company

 

31-Dec-05

 

31-Dec-06

 

31-Dec-07

 

31-Dec-08

 

31-Dec-09

 

31-Dec-10

 

General Moly (GMO)

 

$

100.00

 

$

253.91

 

$

1,014.78

 

$

102.61

 

$

180.87

 

$

563.48

 

Thompson Creek Metals (TCM)

 

100.00

 

1,410.00

 

2,425.71

 

700.00

 

1,761.43

 

2,085.71

 

Moly Mines (MOL)

 

 

90.43

 

286.09

 

23.48

 

70.43

 

140.87

 

Freeport McMoRan (FCX)

 

100.00

 

109.58

 

210.26

 

51.73

 

169.65

 

259.26

 

Augusta Resources (AZC)

 

100.00

 

188.60

 

385.09

 

40.35

 

212.28

 

334.21

 

iShares Dow Jones Basic Materials

 

100.00

 

97.29

 

128.03

 

62.92

 

103.41

 

135.47

 

iShares Russell 2000

 

100.00

 

118.27

 

116.17

 

76.50

 

98.31

 

124.79

 

 

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ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

 

 

(in millions, except per share data)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

2010

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

2006

 

Loss from operations

 

(16.6

)

(10.5

)

(16.1

)

(39.0

)

(13.2

)

Net loss

 

(16.7

)

(10.5

)

(14.4

)

(37.7

)

(12.3

)

Basic and diluted net loss per share

 

$

(0.22

)

$

(0.14

)

$

(0.21

)

$

(0.71

)

$

(0.33

)

 

At December 31,

 

2010

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

2006

 

Total assets

 

$

273.2

 

$

209.6

 

$

220.9

 

$

110.3

 

$

27.1

 

Contingently redeemable noncontrolling interest

 

98.8

 

99.8

 

100.0

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

$

136.4

 

$

104.9

 

$

113.0

 

$

102.1

 

$

26.0

 

 

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations constitutes management’s review of the factors that affected our financial and operating performance for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008.  This discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained elsewhere in this report.

 

Overview

 

We are a development stage company and began the development of the Mt. Hope Project on October 4, 2007.  During the year ended December 31, 2008 we also completed work on a pre-feasibility study of our Liberty Property, which we plan to update by the end of 2011 using funds received from the exercise of outstanding warrants.

 

The development of the Mt. Hope Project has a Project Capital Estimate of $1,153.9 million including development costs of approximately $1,039.3 million (in 2008 dollars) and $114.6 million in cash financial assurance requirements and pre-payments.  These amounts do not include financing costs or amounts necessary to fund operating working capital.  Through the year ended December 31, 2010, we have spent approximately $170.6 million on the Mt. Hope Project.

 

In 2009, because of declining molybdenum prices and unanticipated delays in the permitting process, we implemented a cash conservation plan whereby total cash utilization, other than equipment purchases, was reduced to approximately $1.0 million per month.  The worldwide molybdenum price fluctuated between $5.33 per pound in 2003 to over $40.00 per pound in 2005 and traded in the mid-$30s per pound prior to October 2008, when prices fell from approximately $33.50 per pound to $7.70 per pound in April 2009 as a result of the global economic collapse.  Subsequent to April 2009, prices slowly rose and finished the year at $12.00 per pound and continued to increase in 2010, finishing the year at $16.40 per pound, resulting in an average price of $15.81 in 2010.  The permitting process for the Mt. Hope Project has also had an impact on our activities because of delays experienced from extensive regulatory reviews and additional requests for information on environmental impacts.  Nevertheless, the process continues to move toward completion, and our efforts in this regard have continued full-time.

 

Once the major operating permits and the ROD from the BLM are effective, and financing is available, it is expected that Mt. Hope can be constructed and in production within 20 months.

 

The Company has maintained its orders for grinding, milling, and other specialty long lead equipment. However, other engineering, administrative and third-party work has been slowed or suspended.  We plan to restart procurement and engineering efforts during 2011 as key milestones in the permitting process are reached.  The Company had cash on hand at year end of $53.6 million as well as $19.1 million in warrant exercise proceeds received in early 2011 to meet its funding requirements for 2011.

 

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Restructuring and Suspension of Project Development

 

Based on our current cash on hand and our cash conservation plan, the Company expects it will have adequate liquidity for operations, as modified, through the end of 2011 without accessing new sources of financing.  Engineering efforts, approximately 60% complete, have been largely suspended pending the availability of financing.  Some engineering that is critical for permitting or project restart readiness, has continued at a slower pace.  We plan to restart procurement and engineering efforts during 2011 as key milestones in the permitting process are reached.

 

The Company issued purchase orders for two types of equipment — milling process equipment and mining equipment.  Most equipment orders for the custom-built grinding and other milling process equipment will be completed by the manufacturers and stored.  The grinding and milling process equipment require the longest lead times and maintaining these orders is critical to the Company’s ability to rapidly restart the Mt. Hope Project development.  The Company has completed final negotiations with other equipment manufacturers to suspend or terminate fabrication of other milling equipment and to determine the equipment fabrication costs incurred to date, storage costs, and the expecting timing of restarting fabrication.  As additional financing becomes available and equipment procurement is restarted, agreements that were suspended or terminated will be renegotiated under the then current market terms and conditions, as necessary.

 

Based on our current plan, expected timetable, and the results of such negotiations, we expect to make additional payments towards purchase of this equipment of approximately $2.0 million under milling process equipment orders through the end of 2011 and $14.0 million in 2012.  As additional financing becomes available and equipment procurement is restarted, agreements that were suspended or terminated will be renegotiated under the then current market terms and conditions, as necessary.

 

The drills and loaders for the mine operation have been cancelled, and discussions for the purchase of the electric shovels are complete and this order was amended and remains in effect.  An agreement has been reached with a truck manufacturer to hold production slots for timely delivery.  Once financing is available, the Company anticipates placing orders for this mining equipment again.  The Company will continue to evaluate all options to facilitate a timely re-start of the project development.

 

The Mt. Hope LLC Agreement

 

Effective as of January 1, 2008, we contributed all of our interest in the assets related to the Mt. Hope Project, including our lease of the Mt. Hope Project into a newly formed entity, Eureka Moly, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“LLC”), and in February 2008 (“Closing Date”) entered into an agreement (“LLC Agreement”) for the development and operation of the Mt. Hope Project with POS-Minerals Corporation (“POS-Minerals”) an affiliate of POSCO, a large Korean steel company.  Under the LLC Agreement, POS-Minerals owns a 20% interest in the LLC and General Moly, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, owns an 80% interest.  These ownership interests and/or required contributions under the LLC Agreement can change as discussed below.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, POS-Minerals made its first and second cash contributions to the LLC totaling $100.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2008 (“Initial Contributions”).  Additional amounts will be due from POS-Minerals within 15 days after the date (“ROD Contribution Date”) that specified conditions (“ROD Contribution Conditions”) have been satisfied.  The ROD Contribution Conditions are the receipt of major operating permits for the project, that the ROD from the BLM for the Project has become effective, and any administrative or judicial appeals with respect thereto are final.  We are currently targeting the effectiveness of the ROD and the satisfaction of the other ROD Contribution Conditions to occur six to nine months after publication of the DEIS in the Federal Register, but circumstances beyond our control, including reviewing agency delays or requests for additional information or studies, and requests for review or appeals of the BLM decision, could cause the effectiveness of the ROD and/or the satisfaction of the other ROD Contribution Conditions to be further delayed.

 

To maintain its 20% interest in the LLC, POS-Minerals will be required to make an additional $56.0 million contribution plus its 20% share of all Mt. Hope Project costs incurred from the Closing Date to the ROD Contribution Date within 15 days after the ROD Contribution Date.  If POS-Minerals does not make its additional $56.0 million contribution when due after the ROD Contribution Date, its interest will be reduced to 10%.

 

In addition, as commercial production at the Mt. Hope Project will not occur by December 31, 2011, the LLC may be required to return to POS-Minerals $36.0 million of its contributions to the LLC, with no corresponding reduction in POS-Minerals’ ownership percentage.  Based on our current plan and assuming POS-Minerals has made its additional $56.0 million contribution, a payment to POS-Minerals of $36.0 million will be due 20 days after the commencement of

 

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commercial production, as defined by the LLC Agreement.  If POS-Minerals does not make its additional $56.0 million contribution when due, no return of contribution is required by us.  Our wholly-owned subsidiary and 80% owner of the LLC, Nevada Moly, LLC (“Nevada Moly”), is obligated under the terms of the LLC Agreement to make capital contributions to fund the return of contributions to POS-Minerals, if required.  If Nevada Moly does not make these capital contributions, POS-Minerals has an election to either make a secured loan to the LLC to fund the return of contributions, or receive an additional interest in the LLC of approximately 5%.  In the latter case, our interest in the LLC is subject to dilution by a percentage equal to the ratio of 1.5 times the amount of the unpaid contributions over the aggregate amount of deemed capital contributions (as determined under the LLC Agreement) of both parties to the LLC (“Dilution Formula”).  At December 31, 2010, the aggregate amount of deemed capital contributions of both parties was $880.0 million.

 

Furthermore, the LLC Agreement permits POS-Minerals to put its interest in the LLC to Nevada Moly after a change of control of Nevada Moly or the Company, as defined in the LLC Agreement, followed by a failure to use standard mining industry practice in connection with development and operation of the Project as contemplated by the parties for a period of twelve consecutive months.  If POS-Minerals puts its interest, Nevada Moly or the transferee or surviving entity would be required to purchase the interest for 120% of POS-Minerals’ contributions to the LLC plus 10% interest per annum.

 

The Initial Contributions of $100.0 million that were made by POS-Minerals during 2008 were expended by the second quarter of 2009 in accordance with the program and budget requirements of the Mt. Hope Project.  Nevada Moly is required, pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, to advance funds required to pay costs for the development of the Mt. Hope Project that exceed the Initial Contributions until the ROD Contribution Date, at which point the contributions described above to be made by POS-Minerals will be applied to reimburse us for POS-Minerals’ share of such development costs.  POS-Minerals’ share of such development costs amounted to approximately $34.0 million as of December 31, 2010.  All costs incurred after the ROD Contribution Date will be allocated and funded pro rata based on each party’s ownership interest.  The interest of a party in the LLC that does not make its pro rata capital contributions to fund costs incurred after the ROD Contribution Date is subject to dilution based on the Dilution Formula.

 

Securities Purchase Agreement with Hanlong (USA) Mining Investment Inc.

 

On March 4, 2010, we signed a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Hanlong (USA) Mining Investment, Inc. (“Hanlong”), an affiliate of Sichuan Hanlong Group, a large privately held Chinese company.  The Purchase Agreement and the related agreements described below form the basis of a significant investment by Hanlong in the Company that is intended to provide the Company with adequate capital to develop the Mt. Hope Project.  The Purchase Agreement provides for the sale to Hanlong of shares of our common stock in two tranches that will aggregate 25% of our outstanding stock on a fully diluted basis.  The average price per share, based on the anticipated number of shares to be issued, is $2.89 for an aggregate price of $80.0 million.  The share issuance is part of a larger transaction that includes the commitment by Hanlong to use its commercially reasonable efforts to procure a $665.0 million bank loan for the Company (the “Term Loan”) from a prime Chinese bank that will be guaranteed by an affiliate of Hanlong, a $20.0 million bridge loan (the “Bridge Loan”) from Hanlong to the Company, and a long-term molybdenum supply off-take agreement pursuant to which a Hanlong affiliate will agree to purchase a substantial part of the molybdenum production from the Mt. Hope Project at specified prices.

 

The Purchase Agreement

 

Stock Purchase.  The Purchase Agreement provides, subject to terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement, for the purchase by Hanlong for an aggregate price of $80.0 million, of approximately 27.6 million shares of our common stock which will equal 25% of our outstanding common stock on a fully-diluted basis following the purchase, or approximately 38.3% of our outstanding common stock at the time the transaction was announced.  Fully diluted is defined as all of our outstanding common stock plus all outstanding options and warrants, whether or not currently exercisable.

 

On July 30, 2010, the Company and Hanlong executed an amendment to the Purchase Agreement extending the deadline for obtaining Chinese government approvals by two months to October 13, 2010, as well as extending the Company’s deadline for publishing its Draft Environmental Impact Statement (“DEIS”) and receiving its ROD to February 28, 2011 and November 30, 2011, respectively.  Hanlong received Chinese government approvals for equity investment from the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce (“MOFCOM”) on October 8, 2010 and October 12, 2010, respectively.  Hanlong filed the MOFCOM approval with the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on October 12, 2010, fulfilling Hanlong’s Chinese government approval obligations.

 

On October 26, 2010, the Company and Hanlong executed an amendment to the Purchase Agreement setting the closing of Hanlong’s purchase of the first tranche of equity in the Company on December 20, 2010.  The parties agreed that

 

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the publication of the Mt. Hope Project’s DEIS was no longer a condition precedent to Hanlong’s first tranche equity investment.  Timely publication of the DEIS does, however, remain a requirement of the entire agreement, and, in conjunction with this amendment, the required date for DEIS publication has been extended to May 31, 2011 from February 28, 2011.

 

On December 20, 2010, Hanlong completed the purchase of 12.5% of our fully-diluted shares, or approximately 11.8 million shares (“Tranche 1”) for $40.0 million, or approximately $3.38 per share, following satisfaction of certain conditions, including receipt of stockholder approval of the equity issuances in connection with the transaction, receipt of necessary Chinese government approvals for certain portions of the transaction, assurances from Hanlong as to the availability of the Term Loan, approval of the shares for listing on the NYSE Amex and absence of certain defaults.  The Company’s stock closed at a price of $2.60 per share on the NYSE Amex on the day the agreement was signed.

 

The second tranche (“Tranche 2”), which is anticipated to involve the purchase of approximately 15.8 million additional shares, will be for a purchase price of an additional $40.0 million, or approximately $2.53 per share.  The actual number of shares and price per share will be adjusted for any change in the number of fully diluted shares before the closing of Tranche 2.  Significant conditions to the closing of Tranche 2 include issuance of the ROD for the Mt. Hope Project by the BLM, approval of the plan of operations for the Mt. Hope Project (the “POO”) by the BLM, and the completion of documentation for and satisfaction of conditions precedent to lending under the Term Loan, described below.  The Purchase Agreement may be terminated by either party (provided the terminating party is not in default) if the closing of Tranche 2 has not occurred by December 31, 2011, subject to extension under some circumstances to March 31, 2012.

 

Hanlong will have the right to purchase a portion of any additional shares of common stock that we issue so that it can maintain its percentage ownership unless its ownership is at the time below 5%.  It may also acquire additional shares so that it maintains a 20% indirect interest in the Mt. Hope Project if our interest in the LLC is reduced below 80%.  If we issue shares to fund our obligation to fund the Mt. Hope Project under certain circumstances, and on or before the date of commercial production, and Hanlong exercises its rights to maintain its percentage interest, we will be obligated to refund to Hanlong the cost of such shares over a three-year period up to an aggregate of $9.0 million.

 

Break Fees.  A break fee is payable by both the Company and Hanlong if the Purchase Agreement terminates because of the failure of certain conditions.  A break fee of $10.0 million is payable to the Company if the Purchase Agreement is terminated because Hanlong fails to obtain necessary Chinese government approvals or to give its assurances about the availability of the Term Loan.  The Company has agreed to pay $5 million to Hanlong if the conditions concerning our stockholder approval, the publication of the DEIS or the ROD are not timely satisfied or waived and the Purchase Agreement is terminated.  The Company break fees may be increased by $5.0 million if the Purchase Agreement is terminated and the Company has violated the “no-shop” provisions of the Purchase Agreement.  The break fees may also be increased in other circumstances, not to exceed an additional $3.0 million if the Company requests and Hanlong grants certain extensions of deadlines concerning the DEIS, and up to an additional $2.0 million if the Company requests and Hanlong grants certain extensions concerning the ROD.  Further to the break fees, the Company must pay a $2.0 million fee to Hanlong at the granting of an extension concerning the ROD, and such fee will be credited against the arrangement fee described below.  The break fee payable by the Company to Hanlong may be paid in cash, or, in certain circumstances, in shares of our common stock at our option.  If paid in shares, the price would be the volume weighted average of our common stock on the NYSE Amex for the five days ending six days after the announcement of the termination.

 

Chinese Bank Loan.  Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, Hanlong is obligated to use its commercially reasonable efforts to procure the Term Loan in an amount of at least $665.0 million with a term of at least 14 years after commercial production begins at the Mt. Hope Project.  The Term Loan will bear interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a spread of between 2% and 4% per annum.  The Purchase Agreement provides that the Term Loan will have customary covenants and conditions; however, the terms of the Term Loan have not been negotiated with the lender and we have no assurance as to the final terms of the Term Loan.  Hanlong or an affiliate is obligated to guarantee the Term Loan.  When funds can be drawn by the Company under the Term Loan, the Company will pay a $15.0 million arrangement fee to Hanlong who will pay fees and expenses associated with the Term Loan before the Term Loan Closing, including those charged by the Chinese bank.

 

Bridge Loan

 

Hanlong has also agreed to provide a $20.0 million Bridge Loan to the Company which will be available in two equal $10.0 million tranches.  On April 28, 2010, we drew down the first tranche in the amount of $10.0 million.  The second loan tranche became available five business days after receipt of stockholder approval and is subject to the satisfaction of customary conditions.  The first tranche of the Bridge Loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 2% per annum.  The second tranche of the Bridge Loan will bear interest at 10% per annum and remains undrawn by the Company as of December 31, 2010. 

 

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The Bridge Loan will be repaid from the proceeds of the Term Loan.  If Hanlong agrees, the second tranche may also be repaid, at the Company’s election, in shares of the Company’s common stock.  If paid in shares, the price would be the volume weighted average of the Company’s shares on the NYSE Amex for a five-day period after public announcement of the event that required repayment.  The Company may offset its right to receive the break fee against its obligations to repay borrowings under the Bridge Loan.  If not sooner repaid, the Bridge Loan will mature on the earliest of 120 days after the issuance of the ROD, the date on which the Purchase Agreement terminates, or March 31, 2012.  The Bridge Loan and our obligation to pay a break fee to Hanlong under the Purchase Agreement are secured by a pledge by us of a 10% interest in the LLC.

 

Stockholder Agreement

 

In connection with the Tranche 1 closing, Hanlong signed a Stockholder Agreement with the Company that limits Hanlong’s future acquisitions of our common stock, provides for designation of up to two directors to our Board, and places some restrictions on Hanlong’s voting and disposition of our shares.

 

After the Tranche 1 closing, Hanlong became entitled to nominate one director to our Board, which right will remain in place so long as it maintains at least a 10% fully diluted interest in the Company.  Hanlong nominated Hui (Steven) Xiao to serve on our Board, and he was appointed as a director in February 2011.  After the Tranche 2 closing, and so long as Hanlong retains fully-diluted stock ownership of at least 20%, Hanlong will be entitled to nominate a second director.  The Company has agreed to assure that each Hanlong nominee is included in the Board’s slate of nominees submitted to our stockholders, subject to the Board’s fiduciary obligations and compliance by the nominee with applicable law and Company requirements concerning disclosure of information.  The Hanlong nominees may also serve on committees for which they are eligible.  Following the Term Loan closing and until its guaranty has expired or otherwise been terminated, Hanlong will have the right to appoint one representative to the management committee of the LLC.

 

Hanlong has also agreed not to purchase additional shares, except as permitted by the Purchase Agreement, without the Company’s prior consent following the Tranche 1 closing, and has agreed that it will not solicit proxies, join a group with respect to our equity securities, solicit or encourage an offer from another person for the Company, call a meeting of the Company’s stockholders or make a proposal to the Company’s stockholders, except to the Board.  If our Board receives an offer for the Company, for its assets or a merger that the Board determines is in the best interests of the Company’s stockholders, Hanlong is required to vote in favor of such a transaction or tender its shares unless it proposes an alternative transaction that our Board determines is more favorable to our stockholders than the offer received.

 

Under the Stockholder Agreement, Hanlong may not, without the prior written consent of the Board, transfer ownership in the securities if the recipient would acquire beneficial ownership of more than 5% of our common stock as of the date of such transfer.  The restrictions on Hanlong’s share ownership, voting, disposition and drag-along rights will terminate on the earlier of the time that Hanlong owns less than 12% of our Common Stock, the date that commercial production begins at the Mt. Hope Project, and June 30, 2014.

 

The equity issuance of the Company’s common stock to Hanlong was subject to stockholder approval and was voted on and approved in connection with the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders in May 2010.

 

ArcelorMittal Participation

 

The Company’s November 2007 private placement of 8.257 million shares with ArcelorMittal, the world’s largest steel company, included certain anti-dilution rights.  Pursuant to those rights, ArcelorMittal had an option to participate in the Tranche 1 and Tranche 2 equity issuances.  On April 16, 2010, the Company and ArcelorMittal entered into a Consent and Waiver Agreement (the “Agreement”) whereby ArcelorMittal waived its anti-dilution rights with respect to the Company’s proposed issuance of stock under the Hanlong investment.  ArcelorMittal will retain anti-dilution rights for future issuances of Company stock outside of shares sold under the Hanlong investment.  According to public filings, on January 25, 2011, the boards of directors of ArcelorMittal S.A. and APERAM each approved the transfer of the assets comprising ArcelorMittal’s stainless and specialty steels businesses from its carbon steel and mining businesses to APERAM, a separate entity incorporated in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.  This transfer included the off-take agreement the Company had in place with ArcelorMittal and the shares of the Company’s common stock previously owned by ArcelorMittal.

 

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Liquidity, Capital Resources and Capital Requirements

 

Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2009

 

Our total consolidated cash balance at December 31, 2010 was $53.6 million compared to $48.6 million at December 31, 2009.  The increase in our cash balances for the year ended December 31, 2010 was due primarily to proceeds from the sale of Tranche 1 equity to Hanlong of $40.0 million, $10.0 million advanced under the Bridge Loan, and $3.0 million from the exercise of outstanding warrants offset by development costs incurred of $14.1 million, deposits on property plant and equipment totaling $25.1 million, and general and administrative costs of $8.8 million.  Deposits on property, plant and equipment relate primarily to scheduled payments for long lead time equipment for the Mt. Hope Project.  See “— Contractual Obligations” below.  In addition, we received $19.1 million in early 2011 from the exercise of outstanding warrants.

 

Total assets as of December 31, 2010 increased to $273.2 million compared to $209.6 million as of December 31, 2009 primarily as a result of the cash received upon issuance of the Tranche 1 shares to Hanlong and proceeds from the draw down of the Tranche 1 bridge loan.

 

As discussed above under “— Permitting and Water Rights Update”, we currently anticipate the effectiveness of the ROD and the satisfaction of the other ROD Contribution Conditions to occur six to nine months after publication of the DEIS in the Federal Register, but circumstances beyond our control could cause the effectiveness of the ROD and / or the satisfaction of the other ROD Contribution Conditions to be delayed.

 

As discussed above under “— Securities Purchase Agreement with Hanlong (USA) Mining Investment Inc.”, we have signed a series of agreements with Hanlong that form the basis of a significant investment by Hanlong in the Company that is intended to provide the Company with adequate capital to develop the Mt. Hope Project.  On April 28, 2010, we drew down the first tranche of the bridge loan from Hanlong in the amount of $10.0 million.  On December 20, 2010, Hanlong completed the purchase of 12.5% of our fully-diluted shares, or approximately 11.8 million shares, for $40.0 million, or approximately $3.38 per share.

 

With our cash conservation plan, our non-equipment related cash requirements have declined to approximately $1 million per month.  Based on our current plan and expected timetable, we expect to make additional payments of approximately $2.0 million under milling process equipment orders through the end of 2011 and $14.0 million in 2012.  As additional financing becomes available and equipment procurement is restarted, agreements that were suspended or terminated will be renegotiated under current market terms and conditions, as necessary.  We paid $0.6 million in advance royalties in early 2011 as a result of the exercise of outstanding warrants.  Based on our Project Capital Estimate we estimate that $17.9 million remains unpaid related to the Construction Royalty Advance.  Based on the current estimate of raising capital and developing and operating the mine, we believe that 50%, or $9.0 million, of the LLC’s remaining Construction Royalty Advance will be paid on October 19, 2011.  The remaining 50% must be paid on or before October 19, 2012.  Accordingly, based on our current cash on hand and our cash conservation plan, the Company expects it will have adequate liquidity for operations through the year ended December 31, 2011 without accessing new sources of financing.

 

Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2008

 

Our cash balance at December 31, 2009 was $48.6 million compared to $92.4 million at December 31, 2008.  The decrease in our cash balances for the year ended December 31, 2009 was due primarily to development costs incurred of $20.9 million, deposits on property plant and equipment totaling $11.5 million, and general and administrative costs of $9.7 million.  Deposits on property, plant and equipment relate primarily to scheduled payments for long lead time equipment for the Mt. Hope Project.

 

Total assets as of December 31, 2009 decreased to $209.6 million compared to $220.9 million as of December 31, 2008 primarily as a result the cash portion of the net loss for the year.

 

Results of Operations

 

Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2009

 

For the year ended December 31, 2010 we had a consolidated net loss of $16.7 million compared with a net loss of $10.5 million in the same period for 2009.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, exploration and evaluation expenses were $0.6 million and $0.8 million, respectively.  For the year ended December 31, 2010, the Liberty Property remained on a care and maintenance status, and, accordingly, the resulting exploration and evaluation expenses are considerably lower for the year.

 

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For the year ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, general and administrative expenses were $10.9 million and $9.7 million, respectively.  For the year ended December 31, 2010 general and administrative costs were significantly higher than in 2009 as a greater amount of equity compensation was incurred as a result of the impact of increasing share prices on equity compensation plans and additional awards granted.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2010, writedowns of development and deposits was $5.0 million as a result of the Company’s relinquishment of a land lease held by the LLC in Eureka County, Nevada.  The LLC had invested $5.0 million in preliminary development costs for the property covered by the lease.  As a result of the relinquishment, these costs were written off by the Company.

 

Interest income was nil for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 as a result of low interest rates and cash balances in both years.  Interest expense was $0.2 million and nil for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 as a result of interest accrued on the bridge loan outstanding during 2010.

 

Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2008

 

For the year ended December 31, 2009 we had a net loss of $10.5 million compared with a net loss of $14.4 million in the same period for 2008.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, exploration and evaluation expenses were $0.8 million and $5.7 million, respectively.  For the year ended December 31, 2008 we incurred exploration and evaluation costs on the Liberty Property as we completed a pre-feasibility study on the Liberty Property in April 2008.  For the year ended December 31, 2009 the Liberty Property was on a care and maintenance status, and, accordingly, the resulting exploration and evaluation expenses are considerably lower for the year.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, general and administrative expenses were $9.7 million and $10.4 million, respectively.  For the year ended December 31, 2009 restructuring costs resulting from the implementation of our cash conservation plan are included in general and administrative expenses.  In March 2009 we incurred costs related to employee termination benefits totaling $0.8 million.

 

We also incurred approximately $0.7 million in equipment contract cancellation costs for the year ended December 31, 2009.  Such costs were a combination of deposits forfeited and costs to cancel contracts.

 

Interest income was nil for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared with $1.7 million in 2008 as a result of substantially lower interest rates and lower cash balances in 2009 compared with the corresponding periods in 2008.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

None.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

Our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2010 were as follows:

 

 

 

Payments due by period
(in millions)

 

Contractual obligations

 

Total

 

2011

 

2012 - 2014

 

2015 - 2016

 

2017 & Beyond

 

Long-Term Debt (Capital Lease) Obligations

 

$

0.2

 

$

0.1

 

$

0.1

 

$

 

$

 

Operating Lease Obligations

 

0.5

 

0.3

 

0.2

 

 

 

Equipment Purchase Contracts

 

16.0

 

2.0

 

14.0

 

 

 

Advance Royalties and Deferral Fees

 

18.5

 

9.5

 

9.0

 

 

 

Provision for post closure reclamation and remediation

 

0.6

 

 

 

 

0.6

 

Total

 

$

35.8

 

$

11.9

 

$

23.3

 

$

 

$

0.6

 

 

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At December 31, 2010, we have a contract to purchase two electric shovels that is cancellable and has no firm schedule of payments.  We also have a non-binding letter of agreement on 24 haul trucks that establishes our priority for delivery.  Both agreements provide for the then current pricing using market indices upon initiation of an order.  We have active orders with varying stages of fabrication on milling process equipment comprised of two 230kV primary transformers and substation, a primary crusher, a semi-autogenous mill, two ball mills, and various motors for the mills.  We have suspended fabrication on 16 flotation cells, lime slaking equipment, hydrocyclones, and other smaller milling process equipment with the ability to re-initiate fabrication at any time.  We have completed negotiations with the manufacturer of two multi-hearth molybdenum roasters to terminate its fabrication of this equipment and receive finished goods of the partially completed order.  We plan to re-establish a new purchase order with this manufacturer as financing becomes available and equipment procurement is restarted under then current market terms and conditions.

 

The following table sets forth the LLC’s remaining cash commitments under purchase contracts at December 31, 2010, resulting from the re-negotiation and cancelation of certain Purchase Contracts as discussed above (in millions).

 

Period

 

Cash Commitments
Under Equipment
Purchase Contracts as
of December 31, 2010

 

1st Quarter 2011

 

$

1.0

 

2nd Quarter 2011

 

0.7

 

3rd Quarter 2011

 

0.3

 

4th Quarter 2011

 

 

Total 2011

 

2.0

 

2012

 

14.0

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

Total

 

$

16.0

 

 

Cash commitments under purchase contracts consist of $16.0 million under milling process equipment orders.  Based on our current plan, we expect to make additional payments of approximately $2.0 million under these milling process equipment orders through the end of 2011, and $14.0 million in 2012.  As financing becomes available and equipment procurement is restarted, agreements that were suspended or terminated will be renegotiated under the then current market terms and conditions, as necessary.

 

If the Company does not make payments required under the purchase contracts, it could be subject to claims for breach of contract or to cancellation of the purchase contract.  In addition, we may proceed to selectively suspend, cancel or attempt to renegotiate additional purchase contracts if we are forced to further conserve cash.  See “— Liquidity and Capital Resources” above.  If we cancel or breach any contracts, we will take all appropriate action to minimize any losses, but could be subject to claims or penalties under the contracts or applicable law.  The cancellation of certain key contracts would cause a delay in the commencement of operations, have ramifications under the LLC Agreement with POS-Minerals and would add to the cost to develop our interest in the Mt. Hope Project.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Estimates

 

The process of preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions regarding certain types of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses.  Such estimates primarily relate to unsettled transactions and events as of the date of the financial statements.  Accordingly, upon settlement, actual results may differ from estimated amounts.

 

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Provision for Taxes

 

Income taxes are provided based upon the liability method of accounting.  Under this approach, deferred income taxes are recorded to reflect the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each year-end.  In accordance with authoritative guidance for Income Taxes, a valuation allowance is recorded against the deferred tax asset if management does not believe the Company has met the “more likely than not” standard to allow recognition of such an asset.

 

Property, Plant and Equipment

 

The Company evaluates its long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the related carrying amount may not be recoverable.  If the sum of estimated future net cash flows on an undiscounted basis is less than the carrying amount of the related asset grouping, asset impairment is considered to exist.  The related impairment loss is measured by comparing estimated future net cash flows on a discounted basis to the carrying amount of the asset.  Changes in significant assumptions underlying future cash flow estimates may have a material effect on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.  To date no such impairments have been identified.  Property and equipment are being depreciated over useful lives of three to seven years using straight-line depreciation.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with authoritative guidance for Share-Based Payments.  Under the fair value recognition provisions of this statement, share-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the value of the award and is recognized as expense over the vesting period.  Determining the fair value of share-based awards at the grant date requires judgment, including estimating expected dividends and estimating the amount of share-based awards that are expected to be forfeited.  If actual results differ significantly from these estimates, stock-based compensation expense and our results of operations could be materially impacted.

 

Contingently Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

 

On January 1, 2009, we adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued authoritative guidance related to Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements, the provisions of which, among others, require the recognition of a noncontrolling interest (previously referred to as minority interest), as a component of equity in the consolidated financial statements and separate from the parent’s equity for all periods presented. In addition, the amount of net income or loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest is included in net income or loss on the face of the consolidated statement of operations.    Under GAAP, certain noncontrolling interests in consolidated entities meet the definition of mandatorily redeemable financial instruments if the ability to redeem the interest is outside of the control of the consolidating entity.  As described in Note 1, the LLC Agreement permits POS-Minerals the option to put its interest in the LLC to Nevada Moly upon a change of control, as defined in the LLC Agreement, followed by (i) failure to begin full construction at the LLC by the Company or the surviving entity before December 31, 2010, or (ii) failure to use standard mining industry practice in connection with development and operation of the project as contemplated by the parties for a period of twelve months after December 31, 2010.  As such, the contingently redeemable noncontrolling interest has continued to be shown as a separate caption between liabilities and equity (mezzanine section).  The carrying value of the contingently redeemable noncontrolling interest of POS-Minerals reflects the investment of the noncontrolling interest, less losses attributable to the interest.

 

ITEM 7A.           QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Commodity Price Risk

 

We are a development stage company in the business of the exploration, development and mining of properties primarily containing molybdenum.  As a result, upon commencement of production, our financial performance could be materially affected by fluctuations in the market price of molybdenum and other metals we may mine.  The market prices of metals can fluctuate widely due to a number of factors.  These factors include fluctuations with respect to the rate of inflation, the exchange rates of the U.S. dollar and other currencies, interest rates, global or regional political and economic conditions, banking environment, global and regional demand, production costs, and investor sentiment.

 

In order to better manage commodity price risk and to seek to reduce the negative impact of fluctuations in prices, we will seek to enter into long term supply contracts.  On December 28, 2007, we entered into a molybdenum supply

 

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agreement with ArcelorMittal that provides for ArcelorMittal to purchase 6.5 million pounds of molybdenum per year, plus or minus 10%, once the Mt. Hope Project commences commercial operations at minimum specified levels. The supply agreement provides for a floor price along with a discount for spot prices above the floor price and expires five years after the commencement of commercial production at the Mt. Hope Project.  Both the floor and threshold levels at which the percentage discounts change are indexed to a producer price index. On April 16, 2010, ArcelorMittal and the Company entered into an extension molybdenum supply agreement, providing ArcelorMittal with a five-year option to make effective an agreement to purchase from the Company 3.0 million pounds of molybdenum per year for 10 years following the expiration of the initial supply agreement.  The additional optional off-take will be priced in alignment with the Company’s existing supply agreements.  In order for ArcelorMittal to exercise this option and make the extension agreement effective, ArcelorMittal must have beneficial ownership of more than 11.1 million shares of Company common stock on or prior to April 15, 2015.  According to public filings, on January 25, 2011, the boards of directors of ArcelorMittal S.A. and APERAM each approved the transfer of the assets comprising ArcelorMittal’s stainless and specialty steels businesses from its carbon steel and mining businesses to APERAM, a separate entity incorporated in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.  This transfer included the off-take agreement the Company had in place with ArcelorMittal and the shares of the Company’s common stock previously owned by ArcelorMittal.

 

Additionally, on May 14, 2008, we entered into a molybdenum supply agreement with SeAH Besteel Corporation (“SeAH Besteel”), Korea’s largest manufacturer of specialty steels, which provides for SeAH Besteel to purchase 4.0 million pounds of molybdenum per year, plus or minus 10%, once the Mt. Hope Project commences commercial operations at minimum specified levels. Like the ArcelorMittal supply agreement, the supply agreement with SeAH Besteel provides for a floor price along with staged discounts for spot prices above the floor price and expires five years from the date of first supply under the agreement.  Both the floor and threshold levels at which the percentage discounts change are indexed to a producer price index.

 

On August 8, 2008, the Company entered into a molybdenum supply agreement (“Sojitz Agreement”) with Sojitz Corporation.  The Sojitz Agreement provides for the supply of 5.0 million pounds per year of molybdenum for five years, beginning once the Mt. Hope Project reaches certain minimum commercial production levels.  One million annual pounds sold under the Sojitz Agreement will be subject to a per-pound molybdenum floor price and is offset by a flat discount to spot moly prices above the floor.  The remaining 4.0 million annual pounds sold under the Sojitz Agreement will be sold with reference to spot moly prices without regard to a floor price.  The Sojitz Agreement includes a provision for cancellation in the event that supply from the Mt. Hope Project has not begun by January 1, 2013.

 

On March 4, 2010, the Company entered into a molybdenum supply agreement (“Hanlong Agreement”) with Hanlong.  The Hanlong Agreement requires Hanlong to purchase all the Company’s share of the Mt. Hope molybdenum production above that necessary for the Company to meet its existing supply commitments until the expiration of those commitments.  After the expiration of the existing supply agreements, until the original schedule maturity date of the Term Loan, or if the Company elects not to enter into the Term Loan, 14 years after commencement of commercial production, Hanlong must annually purchase the greater of 16 million pounds or 70% of the Company’s share of Mt. Hope production.  Following the original scheduled maturity date of the Term Loan, or if the Company elects not to enter into the Term Loan, 14 years after commencement of commercial production from the Mt. Hope Mine, Hanlong must purchase a percentage of the Company’s share of Mt. Hope production equal to 2.5 times Hanlong’s fully diluted percentage ownership of our common stock.  Subject to certain exceptions, the Hanlong Agreement will terminate once Hanlong’s fully-diluted ownership percentage falls below 5%.  As long as Hanlong continues to guarantee the Term Loan, the Hanlong Agreement will not terminate even if Hanlong’s ownership falls below 5%.  If the cause of Hanlong’s ownership falling below 5% is a change of control of the Company or a dilutive transaction in which Hanlong does not have the right to participate, the Hanlong Agreement will not terminate and Hanlong will be obligated to continue to purchase a percentage of the Company’s share of Mt. Hope production equal to 2.5 times Hanlong’s fully-diluted percentage ownership of the Company as it existed immediately prior to such change of control or dilutive transaction.  If the Company elects not to enter into the Term Loan, and the second loan tranche does not close, Hanlong’s obligation to purchase the Company’s share of Mt. Hope production in each of the periods described above will be half of the obligations described above.  Twenty-five percent of the production Hanlong receives will be sold at a floor price per pound subject to adjustment similar to the ArcelorMittal and SeAH Agreements above.  The remaining 75% of the production Hanlong receives will be sold with reference to spot moly prices less a small discount.

 

All four long term supply agreements provide for supply only after commercial production levels are achieved, and no provisions require the Company to deliver product or make any payments if commercial production is never achieved, or declines in later periods and have floor prices ranging from $13.50 to $14.25 per pound and incremental discounts above the floor price.  The agreements require that monthly shortfalls be made up only if the Company’s portion of Mt. Hope

 

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production is available for delivery, after POS-Minerals has taken its share.  In no event do these requirements to make up monthly shortfalls become obligations of the Company if production does not meet targeted levels.

 

Furthermore, each of the agreements have take-or-pay provisions that require the buyers to either take delivery of product made available by the Company, or to pay as though they had taken delivery pursuant to the term of the agreements.

 

While we have not used derivative financial instruments in the past, we may elect to enter into derivative financial instruments to manage commodity price risk.  We have not entered into any market risk sensitive instruments for trading or speculative purposes and do not expect to enter into derivative or other financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

As of December 31, 2010, we had a balance of cash and cash equivalents of $53.6 million.  Interest rates on short term, highly liquid investments have not changed materially since December 31, 2009 and continue to be 1% or less on an annualized basis.  Our debt agreements have interest rates which are tied to the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus a percentage.  Any significant rise in the LIBOR rate during the course of our debt agreements may affect our ability to service the debt.

 

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ITEM 8.                    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

GENERAL MOLY, INC.
(A Development Stage Company)

 

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
December 31, 2010

 

CONTENTS

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

49

Financial Statements:

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009

50

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the twelve months ended December 31, 2010, December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 and for the period from inception of Exploration Stage until December 31, 2010

51

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the twelve months ended December 31, 2010, December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 and for the period from inception of Exploration Stage until December 31, 2010

52

Consolidated Statements of Equity as of December 31, 2010, December 31, 2009, December 31, 2008, December 31, 2007, and January 1, 2002 (inception of Exploration Stage)

54

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

56

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of General Moly, Inc.

 

In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, cash flows and equity present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of General Moly, Inc. and its subsidiaries (a development stage company) at December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010 and, cumulatively, for the period from January 1, 2002 (date of inception) to December 31, 2010 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Item 9: Report of Management on internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these consolidated financial statements and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits.  We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.  Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk.  Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

 

/s/PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

 

Denver, Colorado

 

March 2, 2011

 

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GENERAL MOLY, INC.
(A DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

(In thousands, except par value amounts)

 

 

 

As of
December 31,
2010

 

As of
December 31,
2009

 

ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

53,571

 

$

48,614

 

Deposits, prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

148

 

179

 

Total Current Assets

 

53,719

 

48,793

 

Mining properties, land and water rights

 

133,093

 

101,190

 

Deposits on project property, plant and equipment

 

68,363

 

42,648

 

Restricted cash held for electricity transmission

 

12,005

 

12,286

 

Restricted cash held for reclamation bonds

 

1,133

 

1,133

 

Non-mining property and equipment, net

 

1,045

 

553

 

Debt issuance costs

 

887

 

 

Other assets

 

2,994

 

2,994

 

TOTAL ASSETS

 

$

273,239

 

$

209,597

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES, CONTINGENTLY REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST AND EQUITY:

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

$

4,138

 

$

3,799

 

Accrued advance royalties

 

9,500

 

 

 

Current portion of long term debt

 

194

 

163

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

13,832

 

3,962

 

Provision for post closure reclamation and remediation costs

 

571

 

586

 

Deferred gain

 

215

 

100

 

Other liabilities

 

12,950

 

 

Long term debt, net of current portion

 

10,481

 

268

 

Total Liabilities

 

38,049

 

4,916

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES — NOTE 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONTINGENTLY REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST

 

98,753

 

99,761

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized, 85,353,473 and 72,437,538 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

85

 

72

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

234,517

 

187,290

 

Accumulated deficit before exploration stage

 

(213

)

(213

)

Accumulated deficit during exploration and development stage

 

(97,952

)

(82,229

)

Total Equity

 

136,437

 

104,920

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES, CONTINGENTLY REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST AND EQUITY

 

$

273,239

 

$

209,597

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

50



Table of Contents

 

GENERAL MOLY, INC.
(A DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Years Ended

 

January 1, 2002
(Inception of
Exploration Stage)
to

 

 

 

December 31,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

December 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2010

 

REVENUES

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

OPERATING EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploration and evaluation

 

623

 

806

 

5,670

 

38,133

 

Writedowns of development and deposits

 

5,038

 

 

 

5,038

 

General and administrative expense

 

10,919

 

9,703

 

10,436

 

59,905

 

TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES

 

16,580

 

10,509

 

16,106

 

103,076

 

LOSS FROM OPERATIONS

 

(16,580

)

(10,509

)

(16,106

)

(103,076

)

OTHER INCOME/(EXPENSE):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and dividend income

 

13

 

31

 

1,692

 

4,041

 

Interest expense

 

(164

)

 

 

(164

)

TOTAL OTHER INCOME/(EXPENSE), NET

 

(151

)

31

 

1,692

 

3,877

 

LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES

 

(16,731

)

(10,478

)

(14,414

)

(99,199

)

Income Taxes

 

 

 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED NET LOSS

 

$

(16,731

)

$

(10,478

)

$

(14,414

)

$

(99,199

)

Less: Net loss attributable to contingently redeemable noncontrolling interest

 

1,008

 

239

 

 

1,247

 

NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO GENERAL MOLY, INC.

 

$

(15,723

)

$

(10,239

)

$

(14,414

)

$

(97,952

)

Basic and diluted net loss attributable to General Moly per share of common stock

 

$

(0.22

)

$

(0.14

)

$

(0.21

)

 

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding— basic and diluted

 

72,987

 

72,226

 

70,216

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

51



Table of Contents

 

GENERAL MOLY, INC.
(A DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

(In thousands)

 

 

 

Years Ended

 

January 1, 2002
(Inception of
Exploration Stage)
to

 

 

 

December 31,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

December 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(16,731

)

$

(10,478

)

$

(14,414

)

$

(99,199

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Services and expenses paid with common stock

 

 

 

 

1,990

 

Repricing of warrants

 

965

 

 

 

965

 

Writedowns of development and deposits

 

5,038

 

378

 

 

5,416

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

335

 

344

 

295

 

1,232

 

Interest expense

 

164

 

 

 

164

 

Equity compensation for employees and directors

 

1,641

 

1,474

 

2,457

 

15,099

 

Decrease (increase) in deposits, prepaid expenses and other

 

31

 

147

 

168

 

(56

)

Decrease (increase) in restricted cash held for electricity transmission

 

281

 

259

 

(12,545

)

(12,005

)

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

93

 

(3,305

)

(764

)

3,458

 

(Decrease) increase in post closure reclamation and remediation costs

 

(15

)

(145

)

219

 

362

 

Net cash used by operating activities

 

(8,198

)

(11,326

)

(24,584

)

(82,574

)

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments for the purchase of equipment

 

(124

)

(100

)

(481

)

(1,548

)

Purchase of securities

 

 

 

 

(137

)

Purchase and development of mining properties, land and water rights

 

(14,074

)

(20,879

)

(47,389

)

(108,707

)

Deposits on property, plant and equipment

 

(25,058

)

(11,527

)

(31,009

)

(68,084

)

Proceeds from option to purchase agreement

 

115

 

100

 

 

215

 

Increase in restricted cash held for reclamation bonds

 

 

 

(356

)

(642

)

Cash provided by sale of marketable securities

 

 

 

 

246

 

Net cash used by investing activities

 

(39,141

)

(32,406

)

(79,235

)

(178,657

)

 

52


 

 


Table of Contents

 

GENERAL MOLY, INC.
(A DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

(In thousands)

 

 

 

Years Ended

 

January 1, 2002
(Inception of
Exploration Stage)
to

 

 

 

December 31,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

December 31,
2008

 

December 31,
2010

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of stock, net of issuance costs

 

43,103

 

99

 

20,575

 

208,307

 

Proceeds from debt

 

10,000

 

 

 

10,000

 

Cash proceeds from POS-Minerals Corporation

 

 

 

100,000

 

100,000

 

Cash paid to POS-Minerals Corporation for purchase price adjustment

 

 

 

(2,994

)

(2,994

)

Decrease (increase) in restricted cash — Eureka Moly, LLC

 

 

13,915

 

(13,915

)

 

Net increase in leased assets

 

80

 

 

 

330

 

(Increase) in debt issuance costs

 

(887

)

 

 

(887

)

Net cash provided by financing activities:

 

52,296

 

13,884

 

103,910

 

314,756

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

4,957

 

(29,848

)

91

 

53,525

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

48,614

 

78,462

 

78,371

 

46

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

53,571

 

$

48,614

 

$

78,462

 

$

53,571

 

NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity compensation capitalized as development

 

$

1,121

 

$

950

 

$

2,325

 

$

6,200

 

Restricted cash held for reclamation bond acquired in an acquisition

 

 

 

 

491

 

Post closure reclamation and remediation costs and accounts payable assumed in an acquisition

 

 

 

 

263

 

Common stock and warrants issued for property and equipment

 

 

 

 

1,586

 

Accrued portion of deposits on property, plant and equipment

 

657

 

 

 

657

 

Accrued portion of advance royalties

 

18,450

 

 

 

18,450

 

Accrued portion of payments to the Agricultural Sustainability Trust

 

4,000

 

 

 

4,000

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 

53



Table of Contents

 

GENERAL MOLY, INC.
(A DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

 

(In thousands, except number of shares and per share amounts)

 

 

 

Common
Shares

 

Amount

 

Additional
Paid-In Capital

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)

 

Accumulated
Deficit

 

Total

 

Balance, January 1, 2002

 

3,140,469

 

$

4

 

$

442

 

$

(2

)

$

(213

)

$

231

 

Issuance of Common Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For directors’ fees

 

460,000

 

 

79

 

 

 

79

 

For cash at $8.50 per share

 

8,256,699

 

8

 

70,174

 

 

 

70,182

 

Purchase options for management and administrative fees

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

11

 

For services, administration, mineral rights, water rights and expenses at between $0.11 and $6.15 per share

 

1,127,379

 

 

1,739

 

 

 

1,739

 

For exercise of warrants for cash

 

435,000

 

 

348

 

 

 

348

 

Issuance of Units of Common Stock and Warrants:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For expenses and property at between $0.40 and $1.46 per unit

 

1,400,000

 

2

 

1,635

 

 

 

1,637

 

For cash at between $0.15 and $3.40 per unit

 

34,404,365

 

34

 

62,360

 

 

 

62,394

 

Units and warrants for finders fee

 

170,550

 

 

2,042

 

 

 

2,042

 

Cost of offerings including cash costs of $3,783

 

 

 

(5,815

)

 

 

(5,815

)

Stock Options:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised between $0.11 and $2.74 per share

 

3,039,463

 

3

 

1,286

 

 

 

1,289

 

Cashless exercise of stock options

 

1,369,851

 

2

 

(2

)

 

 

 

Issued pursuant to stock awards

 

415,000

 

1

 

32

 

 

 

33

 

Returned due to pricing errors on stock option exercise

 

(38,998

)

 

 

 

 

 

Stock based compensation

 

 

 

11,150

 

 

 

11,150

 

Stock Warrants:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued for services at $1.07 per warrant

 

 

 

80

 

 

 

80

 

Exercised between $0.40 and $3.75 per share

 

10,099,744

 

10

 

13,770

 

 

 

13,780

 

Cashless exercise of warrants

 

1,851,862

 

2

 

(2

)

 

 

 

Unrealized Losses on marketable securities

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

Additional paid in capital from shareholder

 

 

 

499

 

 

 

499

 

Net loss for the years ended December 31, 2002 through 2007

 

 

 

 

 

(57,576

)

(57,576

)

Balances, December 31, 2007

 

66,131,384

 

66

 

159,828

 

 

(57,789

)

102,105

 

 

54



Table of Contents

 

GENERAL MOLY, INC.
(A DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

 

(In thousands, except number of shares and per share amounts)

 

 

 

Common
Shares

 

Amount

 

Additional
Paid-In Capital

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)

 

Accumulated
Deficit

 

Total

 

Stock Warrants:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised between $0.80 and $5.20 per share

 

4,437,523

 

4

 

20,256

 

 

 

20,260

 

Cashless exercise of warrants

 

126,596

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Options:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised between $0.11 and $6.93 per share

 

462,000

 

1

 

383

 

 

 

384

 

Cashless exercise of stock options

 

278,796

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued pursuant to stock awards

 

416,347

 

1

 

(70

)

 

 

(69

)

Stock based compensation

 

 

 

4,782

 

 

 

4,782

 

Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

(14,414

)

(14,414

)

Balances, December 31, 2008

 

71,852,646

 

72

 

185,179

 

 

(72,203

)

113,048

 

Issuance of Units of Common Stock :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued pursuant to stock awards

 

484,892

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Options: