Document - 09.30.2013 - 10Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
ý
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2013.
or
o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 
For the transition period from  _______________ to _______________


Commission File No. 1-13998
 
Insperity, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
76-0479645
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
19001 Crescent Springs Drive
 
 
Kingwood, Texas
 
77339
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code):  (281) 358-8986

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes ý  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes o No ý
 
As of October 25, 2013, 25,570,160 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, were outstanding.



 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
Part I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Part II
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1a.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.


Table of Contents

PART I

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

INSPERITY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)

ASSETS
 
 
 
September 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
161,842

 
$
264,544

Restricted cash
 
50,317

 
47,149

Marketable securities
 
47,400

 
16,904

Accounts receivable, net:
 
 

 
 

Trade
 
2,062

 
6,931

Unbilled
 
214,210

 
181,040

Other
 
2,690

 
2,415

Prepaid insurance
 
17,349

 
15,620

Other current assets
 
10,097

 
9,651

Deferred income taxes
 
3,451

 
7,211

Total current assets
 
509,418

 
551,465

 
 
 
 
 
Property and equipment:
 
 

 
 

Land
 
4,115

 
4,115

Buildings and improvements
 
68,363

 
68,583

Computer hardware and software
 
84,684

 
81,140

Software development costs
 
38,137

 
35,866

Furniture and fixtures
 
37,118

 
36,717

Aircraft
 
35,879

 
35,879

 
 
268,296

 
262,300

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(179,252
)
 
(168,358
)
Total property and equipment, net
 
89,044

 
93,942

 
 
 
 
 
Other assets:
 
 

 
 

Prepaid health insurance
 
9,000

 
9,000

Deposits – health insurance
 
3,700

 
3,000

Deposits – workers’ compensation
 
75,112

 
64,201

Goodwill and other intangible assets, net
 
22,275

 
23,775

Other assets
 
1,920

 
4,817

Total other assets
 
112,007

 
104,793

Total assets
 
$
710,469

 
$
750,200


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INSPERITY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)
(in thousands)

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
September 30,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
3,311

 
$
3,660

Payroll taxes and other payroll deductions payable
 
102,288

 
178,534

Accrued worksite employee payroll cost
 
184,142

 
150,070

Accrued health insurance costs
 
6,824

 
13,942

Accrued workers’ compensation costs
 
52,312

 
49,484

Accrued corporate payroll and commissions
 
22,186

 
23,537

Other accrued liabilities
 
15,561

 
12,478

Income taxes payable
 
57

 
4,054

Total current liabilities
 
386,681

 
435,759

 
 
 
 
 
Noncurrent liabilities:
 
 
 
 

Accrued workers’ compensation costs
 
66,654

 
64,536

Deferred income taxes
 
8,395

 
9,000

Total noncurrent liabilities
 
75,049

 
73,536

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 

 
 

Common stock
 
308

 
308

Additional paid-in capital
 
134,781

 
133,207

Treasury stock, at cost
 
(141,401
)
 
(133,950
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax
 
23

 
16

Retained earnings
 
255,028

 
241,324

Total stockholders’ equity
 
248,739

 
240,905

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
710,469

 
$
750,200

 
See accompanying notes.

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INSPERITY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues (gross billings of $3.236 billion, $3.068 billion, $9.736 billion and $9.339 billion, less worksite employee payroll cost of $2.696 billion, $2.556 billion, $8.037 billion and $7.712 billion, respectively)
 
$
539,869

 
$
511,953

 
$
1,698,979

 
$
1,626,386

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct costs:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Payroll taxes, benefits and workers’ compensation costs
 
442,460

 
413,533

 
1,395,706

 
1,337,668

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
 
97,409

 
98,420

 
303,273

 
288,718

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Salaries, wages and payroll taxes
 
43,797

 
44,032

 
137,697

 
127,402

Stock-based compensation
 
2,749

 
2,429

 
8,351

 
7,385

Commissions
 
3,609

 
3,358

 
10,349

 
10,299

Advertising
 
4,273

 
3,680

 
19,243

 
17,001

General and administrative expenses
 
20,567

 
21,122

 
62,592

 
61,694

Depreciation and amortization
 
5,302

 
4,659

 
15,692

 
13,336

 
 
80,297

 
79,280

 
253,924

 
237,117

Operating income
 
17,112

 
19,140

 
49,349

 
51,601

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense):
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest, net
 
26

 
142

 
155

 
462

Other, net
 
(1
)
 
(3
)
 
(2,668
)
 
141

Income before income tax expense
 
17,137

 
19,279

 
46,836

 
52,204

Income tax expense
 
7,055

 
7,827

 
20,093

 
21,247

Net income
 
$
10,082

 
$
11,452

 
$
26,743

 
$
30,957

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less distributed and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
 
(289
)
 
(334
)
 
(769
)
 
(898
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income allocated to common shares
 
$
9,793

 
$
11,118

 
$
25,974

 
$
30,059

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per share of common stock
 
$
0.39

 
$
0.45

 
$
1.05

 
$
1.20

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net income per share of common stock
 
$
0.39

 
$
0.45

 
$
1.04

 
$
1.20


See accompanying notes.

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INSPERITY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
10,082

 
$
11,452

 
$
26,743

 
$
30,957

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income:
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of tax
 
26

 
12

 
7

 
46

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
 
$
10,108

 
$
11,464

 
$
26,750

 
$
31,003

 
See accompanying notes.

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Table of Contents

INSPERITY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2013
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Common Stock Issued
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Retained Earnings
 
Total
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2012
 
30,758

 
$
308

 
$
133,207

 
$
(133,950
)
 
$
16

 
$
241,324

 
$
240,905

Purchase of treasury stock, at cost
 

 

 

 
(17,130
)
 

 

 
(17,130
)
Exercise of stock options
 

 

 
(740
)
 
1,903

 

 

 
1,163

Income tax benefit from stock-based compensation, net
 

 

 
877

 

 

 

 
877

Stock-based compensation expense
 

 

 
1,341

 
7,010

 

 

 
8,351

Other
 

 

 
96

 
766

 

 

 
862

Dividends paid
 

 

 

 

 

 
(13,039
)
 
(13,039
)
Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 
7

 

 
7

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 
26,743

 
26,743

Balance at September 30, 2013
 
30,758

 
$
308

 
$
134,781

 
$
(141,401
)
 
$
23

 
$
255,028

 
$
248,739

 
See accompanying notes.

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INSPERITY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
26,743

 
$
30,957

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
15,692

 
13,315

Impairment charge
 
2,679

 

Amortization of marketable securities
 
1,597

 
1,827

Stock-based compensation
 
8,351

 
7,385

Deferred income taxes
 
3,150

 
2,259

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Restricted cash
 
(3,168
)
 
(1,332
)
Accounts receivable
 
(28,576
)
 
(32,175
)
Prepaid insurance
 
(1,729
)
 
(2,439
)
Other current assets
 
(446
)
 
3,355

Other assets
 
(11,406
)
 
(6,373
)
Accounts payable
 
(349
)
 
(1,997
)
Payroll taxes and other payroll deductions payable
 
(76,246
)
 
(60,704
)
Accrued worksite employee payroll expense
 
34,072

 
43,947

Accrued health insurance costs
 
(7,118
)
 
13,095

Accrued workers’ compensation costs
 
2,828

 
5,231

Accrued corporate payroll, commissions and other accrued liabilities
 
3,850

 
2,155

Income taxes payable/receivable
 
(4,301
)
 
6,529

Total adjustments
 
(61,120
)
 
(5,922
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
 
(34,377
)
 
25,035

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Marketable securities:
 
 

 
 

Purchases
 
(49,580
)
 
(23,585
)
Proceeds from dispositions
 
8,025

 

Proceeds from maturities
 
9,474

 
27,119

Cash exchanged for acquisitions
 

 
(1,200
)
Property and equipment
 
(9,281
)
 
(11,996
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(41,362
)
 
(9,662
)

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Table of Contents

INSPERITY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Purchase of treasury stock
 
$
(17,130
)
 
$
(13,770
)
Dividends paid
 
(13,039
)
 
(12,643
)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
 
1,163

 
1,062

Income tax benefit from stock-based compensation
 
1,181

 
1,457

Other
 
862

 
(469
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(26,963
)
 
(24,363
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(102,702
)
 
(8,990
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
264,544

 
211,208

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
161,842

 
$
202,218

 


See accompanying notes.

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Table of Contents

INSPERITY, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


1.
Basis of Presentation

Insperity, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Insperity,” “we,” “our,” and “us”), provides an array of human resources (“HR”) and business solutions designed to help improve business performance.  Our most comprehensive HR business offering is provided through our professional employer organization (“PEO”) services, known as Workforce Optimization, which encompasses a broad range of HR functions, including payroll and employment administration, employee benefits, workers’ compensation, government compliance, performance management, and training and development services.

In addition to Workforce Optimization, we offer Human Capital Management, Payroll Services, Time and Attendance, Performance Management, Organizational Planning, Recruiting Services, Employment Screening, Financial Services, Expense Management, Retirement Services and Insurance Services (collectively “Adjacent Businesses”), many of which are offered via desktop applications and software as a service (“SaaS”) delivery models.  These other products or services are offered separately, as a bundle, or along with Workforce Optimization.

We provide our Workforce Optimization solution to small and medium-sized businesses in strategically selected markets throughout the United States.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, Workforce Optimization revenues from our Texas markets represented 26% in both periods, while Workforce Optimization revenues from our California markets represented 18% and 17%, respectively, of our total Workforce Optimization revenues.

The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Insperity and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned.  Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our audited Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2012. Our Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2012 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information or footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  Our Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2013 and our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, and our Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, have been prepared by us without audit.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows, have been made.

The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for a full year or of future operations.

2.
Accounting Policies

Health Insurance Costs

We provide group health insurance coverage to our worksite employees through a national network of carriers, including UnitedHealthcare (“United”), UnitedHealthcare of California, Kaiser Permanente, Blue Shield of California, HMSA BlueCross BlueShield, Unity Health Plan and Tufts, all of which provide fully insured policies or service contracts.

The policy with United provides the majority of our health insurance coverage.  As a result of certain contractual terms, we have accounted for this plan since its inception using a partially self-funded insurance accounting model.  Accordingly, we record the costs of the United plan, including an estimate of the incurred claims, taxes and administrative fees (collectively the “Plan Costs”) as benefits expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.  The estimated incurred claims are based upon: (i) the level of claims processed during the quarter; (ii) estimated completion rates

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based upon recent claim development patterns under the plan; and (iii) the number of participants in the plan, including both active and COBRA enrollees.  Each reporting period, changes in the estimated ultimate costs resulting from claim trends, plan design and migration, participant demographics and other factors are incorporated into the benefits costs.

Additionally, since the plan’s inception, under the terms of the contract, United establishes cash funding rates 90 days in advance of the beginning of a reporting quarter.  If the Plan Costs for a reporting quarter are greater than the premiums paid and owed to United, a deficit in the plan would be incurred and a liability for the excess costs would be accrued in our Consolidated Balance Sheets.  On the other hand, if the Plan Costs for the reporting quarter are less than the premiums paid and owed to United, a surplus in the plan would be incurred and we would record an asset for the excess premiums in our Consolidated Balance Sheets.  The terms of the arrangement require us to maintain an accumulated cash surplus in the plan of $9.0 million, which is reported as long-term prepaid insurance.  In addition, United requires a deposit equal to approximately one day of claims funding activity, which was $3.5 million as of September 30, 2013, and is reported as a long-term asset.  As of September 30, 2013, Plan Costs were less than the net premiums paid and owed to United by $16.4 million.  As this amount is in excess of the agreed-upon $9.0 million surplus maintenance level, the $7.4 million balance is included in prepaid insurance, a current asset, in our Consolidated Balance Sheets.  The premiums owed to United at September 30, 2013 were $3.5 million, which is included in accrued health insurance costs, a current liability in our Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Workers’ Compensation Costs

Our workers’ compensation coverage has been provided through an arrangement with the ACE Group of Companies (“the ACE Program”) since 2007.  The ACE Program is fully insured in that ACE has the responsibility to pay all claims incurred regardless of whether we satisfy our responsibilities.  Through September 30, 2010, we bore the economic burden for the first $1 million layer of claims per occurrence and the insurance carrier was and remains responsible for the economic burden for all claims in excess of such first $1 million layer.

Effective October 1, 2010, in addition to our bearing the economic burden for the first $1 million layer of claims per occurrence, we also bear the economic burden for those claims exceeding $1 million, up to a maximum aggregate amount of $5 million per policy year.

Because we bear the economic burden for claims up to the levels noted above, such claims, which are the primary component of our workers’ compensation costs, are recorded in the period incurred.  Workers’ compensation insurance includes ongoing health care and indemnity coverage whereby claims are paid over numerous years following the date of injury.  Accordingly, the accrual of related incurred costs in each reporting period includes estimates, which take into account the ongoing development of claims and therefore requires a significant level of judgment.

We employ a third party actuary to estimate our loss development rate, which is primarily based upon the nature of worksite employees’ job responsibilities, the location of worksite employees, the historical frequency and severity of workers’ compensation claims, and an estimate of future cost trends.  Each reporting period, changes in the actuarial assumptions resulting from changes in actual claims experience and other trends are incorporated into our workers’ compensation claims cost estimates.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, we reduced our workers’ compensation costs by $8.3 million and $10.4 million, respectively, for changes in estimated losses related to prior reporting periods.  Workers’ compensation cost estimates are discounted to present value at a rate based upon the U.S.  Treasury rates that correspond with the weighted average estimated claim payout period (the average discount rate utilized in both the 2013 and 2012 periods was 0.7%) and are accreted over the estimated claim payment period and included as a component of direct costs in our Consolidated Statements of Operations.


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The following table provides the activity and balances related to incurred but not paid workers’ compensation claims:

 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance, January 1,
 
$
111,685

 
$
104,791

Accrued claims
 
30,496

 
28,586

Present value discount
 
(748
)
 
(712
)
Paid claims
 
(24,462
)
 
(23,133
)
Ending balance
 
$
116,971

 
$
109,532

 
 
 
 
 
Current portion of accrued claims
 
$
50,317

 
$
46,069

Long-term portion of accrued claims
 
66,654

 
63,463

 
 
$
116,971

 
$
109,532


The current portion of accrued workers’ compensation costs on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2013 includes $2.0 million of workers’ compensation administrative fees.

As of September 30, 2013 and 2012, the undiscounted accrued workers’ compensation costs were $127.5 million and $121.7 million, respectively.

At the beginning of each policy period, the insurance carrier establishes monthly funding requirements comprised of premium costs and funds to be set aside for payment of future claims (“claim funds”).  The level of claim funds is primarily based upon anticipated worksite employee payroll levels and expected workers’ compensation loss rates, as determined by the insurance carrier.  Monies funded into the program for incurred claims expected to be paid within one year are recorded as restricted cash, a short-term asset, while the remainder of claim funds are included in deposits, a long-term asset in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. During the first nine months of 2013, we paid the insurance carrier an additional $5.0 million in claim funds for policy years prior to 2013, which increased deposits.  In the first nine months of 2012, we received $2.5 million for the return of excess claim funds related to the ACE Program, which reduced deposits. As of September 30, 2013, we had restricted cash of $50.3 million and deposits of $75.1 million.

Our estimate of incurred claim costs expected to be paid within one year are recorded as accrued workers’ compensation costs and included in short-term liabilities, while our estimate of incurred claim costs expected to be paid beyond one year are included in long-term liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets.


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3.
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities

The following table summarizes our cash and investments in cash equivalents and marketable securities held by investment managers and overnight investments:

 
 
September 30,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
 
 
(in thousands)
Overnight Holdings
 
 
 
 
Money market funds (cash equivalents)
 
$
116,580

 
$
255,000

Investment Holdings
 
 

 
 

Money market funds (cash equivalents)
 
37,877

 
26,087

Marketable securities
 
47,400

 
16,904

 
 
201,857

 
297,991

Cash held in demand accounts
 
18,717

 
21,732

Outstanding checks
 
(11,332
)
 
(38,275
)
Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities
 
$
209,242

 
$
281,448

 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
161,842

 
$
264,544

Marketable securities
 
47,400

 
16,904

 
 
$
209,242

 
$
281,448


Our cash and overnight holdings fluctuate based on the timing of clients' payroll processing cycles.  Included in the cash balance as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, are $90.1 million and $158.2 million, respectively, in funds associated with federal and state income tax withholdings, employment taxes and other payroll deductions, as well as $9.0 million and $13.5 million in client prepayments, respectively.

We account for our financial assets in accordance with Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurement.  This standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.  The fair value measurement disclosures are grouped into three levels based on valuation factors:

Level 1 - quoted prices in active markets using identical assets
Level 2 - significant other observable inputs, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other observable inputs
Level 3 - significant unobservable inputs

The following table summarizes the levels of fair value measurements of our financial assets:

 
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
September 30,
2013
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
154,457

 
$
154,457

 
$

 
$

Municipal bonds
 
47,400

 

 
47,400

 

Total
 
$
201,857

 
$
154,457

 
$
47,400

 
$

 

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Fair Value Measurements
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
December 31,
2012
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
 
$
281,087

 
$
281,087

 
$

 
$

Municipal bonds
 
16,904

 

 
16,904

 

Total
 
$
297,991

 
$
281,087

 
$
16,904

 
$


The municipal bond securities valued as Level 2 investments are primarily pre-refunded municipal bonds that are secured by escrow funds containing U.S. Government securities. Our valuation techniques used to measure fair value for these securities during the period consisted primarily of third party pricing services that utilized actual market data such as trades of comparable bond issues, broker/dealer quotations for the same or similar investments in active markets and other observable inputs.

The following is a summary of our available-for-sale marketable securities:

 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
September 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Municipal bonds
 
$
47,361

 
$
41

 
$
(2
)
 
$
47,400

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2012
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Municipal bonds
 
$
16,878

 
$
29

 
$
(3
)
 
$
16,904


As of September 30, 2013, the contractual maturities of our marketable securities were as follows:

 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
Less than one year
 
$
30,885

 
$
30,905

One to five years
 
16,476

 
16,495

Total
 
$
47,361

 
$
47,400


4.
Other Assets
    
In 2011, we acquired a minority interest in The Receivables Exchange ("TRE"), an online marketplace for the sale of accounts receivable, for $2.8 million. In the second quarter of 2013, TRE issued similar securities at per share amounts substantially below the per share book value of our investment. Accordingly, we valued the investment based on a similar security market transaction, which is a Level 2 valuation technique. This resulted in a non-cash impairment charge of $2.7 million, which was included in other income (expense) in our Consolidated Statements of Operations, during the second quarter of 2013. Due to federal income tax limitations on capital losses, no tax benefit associated with the impairment was recognized.



    


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5.
Revolving Credit Facility

We have a $100 million revolving credit facility (the “Facility”), which may be increased to $150 million based on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the agreement relating to the Facility (the “Credit Agreement”). The Facility matures on September 15, 2015.  The Facility contains both affirmative and negative covenants, which we believe are customary for arrangements of this nature.  At September 30, 2013, we were in compliance with all financial covenants under the Credit Agreement and had not drawn on the Facility.

6.
Stockholders' Equity

Our Board of Directors (the “Board”) has authorized a program to repurchase shares of our outstanding common stock (“Repurchase Program”).  The purchases are to be made from time to time in the open market or directly from stockholders at prevailing market prices based on market conditions and other factors.  In May 2013, the Board increased the authorized number of shares to be repurchased under the program by one million.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, 476,903 shares were repurchased under the Repurchase Program and 116,931 shares not subject to the Repurchase Program were withheld to satisfy tax withholding obligations for the vesting of restricted stock awards.  As of September 30, 2013, we were authorized to repurchase an additional 1,352,569 shares under the program.

The Board declared quarterly dividends in the first three quarters of 2013 and 2012 as follows:
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(amounts per share)
First quarter
 
$
0.17

 
$
0.15

Second quarter
 
0.17

 
0.17

Third quarter
 
0.17

 
0.17


 During the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, we paid dividends totaling $13.0 million and $12.6 million, respectively.

7.
Net Income per Share

We utilize the two-class method to compute net income per share.  The two-class method allocates a portion of net income to participating securities, which include unvested awards of share-based payments with non-forfeitable rights to receive dividends.  Net income allocated to unvested share-based payments is excluded from net income allocated to common shares.  Any undistributed losses resulting from dividends exceeding net income are not allocated to participating securities.  Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income allocated to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.  Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing net income allocated to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus the dilutive effect of outstanding stock options.


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The following table summarizes the net income allocated to common shares and the basic and diluted shares used in the net income per share computations:

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
10,082

 
$
11,452

 
$
26,743

 
$
30,957

Less distributed and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
 
(289
)
 
(334
)
 
(769
)
 
(898
)
Net income allocated to common shares
 
$
9,793

 
$
11,118

 
$
25,974

 
$
30,059

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
24,849

 
24,923

 
24,855

 
25,034

Incremental shares from assumed conversions of common stock options
 
18

 
57

 
24

 
63

Adjusted weighted average common shares outstanding
 
24,867

 
24,980

 
24,879

 
25,097

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Potentially dilutive securities not included in weighted average share calculation due to anti-dilutive effect
 

 
41

 
10

 
33


8.
Commitments and Contingencies

We are a defendant in various lawsuits and claims arising in the normal course of business.  Management believes it has valid defenses in these cases and is defending them vigorously.  While the results of litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes the final outcome of such litigation will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Company

In 2003, facing continued capital constraints and a series of downgrades from various rating agencies, our former workers’ compensation insurance carrier for the two-year period ended September 2003, Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Company, formerly known as Kemper (“Lumbermens Mutual”), made the decision to substantially cease underwriting operations and voluntarily entered into “run-off."  In July 2012, Lumbermens Mutual announced that an agreed order of rehabilitation had been entered against it in Cook County, Illinois.  Under the order, the Director of the Illinois Department of Insurance was vested with control over Lumbermens Mutual property and decision-making.  In an order effective May 10, 2013, the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, found that Lumbermens Mutual was insolvent and ordered its liquidation.

The entry of a liquidation order has triggered the transition of claim handling responsibilities for Lumbermens Mutual's open claims to state guaranty associations around the country. Guaranty associations are non-profit organizations created by statute for the purpose of protecting policyholders from severe financial losses and preventing delays in claim payments due to the insolvency of an insurer.  They do this by assuming responsibility for the payment of claims that would otherwise have been paid by the insurer had it not become insolvent.  Each state has one or more guaranty association(s), with each association handling certain types of insurance.  Insurance companies are required to be members of the state guaranty association as a condition of being licensed to do business in the state.

The guaranty associations in some states, including Texas, may assert that state law allows them to recover the amount of benefits paid by the guaranty association along with associated administration and defense costs from an insured with a net worth exceeding certain specified levels or based upon certain other theories of recovery.  We intend to vigorously assert our available defenses to any claims made by any guaranty association.  We estimate the outstanding amounts that may be subject to claims from state guaranty associations to range from $1.1 million to $5.0 million as of September 30, 2013.  In the event state guaranty associations are successful in seeking recovery from us, we would be required to pay such claims and record liabilities for anticipated future claims, which could have a material adverse effect on net income in the reported period.

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ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

You should read the following discussion in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012, as well as our Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.

New Accounting Pronouncements

We believe we have implemented the accounting pronouncements with a material impact on our financial statements.

Results of Operations

Three Months Ended September 30, 2013 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2012.

The following table presents certain information related to our results of operations:

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except per share and statistical data)
Revenues (gross billings of $3.236 billion and $3.068 billion, less worksite employee payroll cost of $2.696 billion and $2.556 billion, respectively)
 
$
539,869

 
$
511,953

 
5.5
 %
Gross profit
 
97,409

 
98,420

 
(1.0
)%
Operating expenses
 
80,297

 
79,280

 
1.3
 %
Operating income
 
17,112

 
19,140

 
(10.6
)%
Other income
 
25

 
139

 
(82.0
)%
Net income
 
10,082

 
11,452

 
(12.0
)%
Diluted net income per share of common stock
 
0.39

 
0.45

 
(13.3
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Statistical Data:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Average number of worksite employees paid per month
 
129,248

 
127,096

 
1.7
 %
Revenues per worksite employee per month(1)
 
$
1,392

 
$
1,343

 
3.6
 %
Gross profit per worksite employee per month
 
251

 
258

 
(2.7
)%
Operating expenses per worksite employee per month
 
207

 
208

 
(0.5
)%
Operating income per worksite employee per month
 
44

 
50

 
(12.0
)%
Net income per worksite employee per month
 
26

 
30

 
(13.3
)%
 ____________________________________
 
(1) 
Gross billings of $8,346 and $8,047 per worksite employee per month, less payroll cost of $6,954 and $6,704 per worksite employee per month, respectively.

Revenues

Our revenues for the third quarter of 2013 increased 5.5% over the 2012 period, primarily due to a 1.7% increase in the average number of worksite employees paid per month and a 3.6%, or $49 increase in revenues per worksite employee per month.


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By region, our Workforce Optimization revenue change from the third quarter of 2012 and distribution for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in thousands)
 
(% of total revenue)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Northeast
 
$
136,334

 
$
131,759

 
3.5
%
 
25.7
%
 
26.1
%
Southeast
 
51,813

 
47,670

 
8.7
%
 
9.8
%
 
9.5
%
Central
 
78,322

 
73,875

 
6.0
%
 
14.8
%
 
14.7
%
Southwest
 
147,518

 
140,843

 
4.7
%
 
27.8
%
 
27.9
%
West
 
116,959

 
110,110

 
6.2
%
 
21.9
%
 
21.8
%
 
 
530,946

 
504,257

 
5.3
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Other revenue(1)
 
8,923

 
7,696

 
15.9
%
 
 
 
 
Total revenue
 
$
539,869

 
$
511,953

 
5.5
%
 
 
 
 
_____________________________

(1) Comprised primarily of revenues generated by Adjacent Businesses.

Our Workforce Optimization growth rate is affected by three primary sources – worksite employees paid from new client sales, client retention and the net change in existing clients through worksite employee new hires and layoffs.  During the third quarter of 2013, we saw slight improvement in client retention and in the net change in existing clients as compared with 2012, while worksite employees paid from new client sales declined modestly compared to the third quarter of 2012.

Gross Profit

Gross profit for the third quarter of 2013 decreased 1.0% compared to the third quarter of 2012 to $97.4 million.  The average gross profit per worksite employee decreased 2.7% to $251 per month in the 2013 period from $258 per month in the 2012 period.  Included in gross profit in 2013 is a $15 per worksite employee per month contribution from our Adjacent Businesses compared to $11 per worksite employee per month in the 2012 period.

Our pricing objectives attempt to maintain or improve the gross profit per worksite employee by increasing revenue per worksite employee to match or exceed changes in primary direct costs and operating expenses.  Our revenues during the third quarter of 2013 increased 3.6% per worksite employee per month as compared to the third quarter of 2012. However, our direct costs, which primarily include payroll taxes, benefits and workers’ compensation expenses, increased 5.2% to $1,141 per worksite employee per month in the third quarter of 2013 versus $1,085 in the third quarter of 2012.  The primary direct cost components changed as follows:

Benefits costs – The cost of group health insurance and related employee benefits increased $45 per worksite employee per month, or 7.5% on a cost per covered employee basis compared to the third quarter of 2012. Our benefits costs incurred in the third quarter of 2012 reflected lower claims activity than historical trends, which impacted the year-over-year comparison.  The percentage of worksite employees covered under our health insurance plans was 71.8% in the 2013 period compared to 71.9% in the 2012 period. Please read Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Accounting Policies– Health Insurance Costs,” for a discussion of our accounting for health insurance costs.

Workers’ compensation costs – Workers’ compensation costs were flat in the third quarter of 2013, but decreased $1 per worksite employee per month compared to the third quarter of 2012.  As a percentage of non-bonus payroll cost, workers’ compensation costs were 0.55% in the 2013 period compared to 0.57% in the 2012 period. During the 2013 period, we recorded reductions in workers’ compensation costs of $1.9 million, or 0.08% of non-bonus payroll costs, for changes in estimated losses related to prior reporting periods, compared to $3.9 million, or 0.16% of non-bonus payroll costs in the 2012 period.  Please read Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Accounting Policies – Workers’ Compensation Costs,” for a discussion of our accounting for workers’ compensation costs.


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Payroll tax costs – Payroll taxes increased 4.7%, or $13 per worksite employee per month compared to the third quarter of 2012 primarily due to the 5.5% increase in payroll costs. Payroll taxes as a percentage of payroll cost were 6.3% in the 2013 period compared to 6.4% in the 2012 period.

Operating Expenses

The following table presents certain information related to our operating expenses:

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands)
 
(per worksite employee per month)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salaries, wages and payroll taxes
 
$
43,797

 
$
44,032

 
(0.5
)%
 
$
113

 
$
115

 
(1.7
)%
Stock-based compensation
 
2,749

 
2,429

 
13.2
 %
 
7

 
6

 
16.7
 %
Commissions
 
3,609

 
3,358

 
7.5
 %
 
9

 
9

 

Advertising
 
4,273

 
3,680

 
16.1
 %
 
11

 
10

 
10.0
 %
General and administrative expenses
 
20,567

 
21,122

 
(2.6
)%
 
53

 
56

 
(5.4
)%
Depreciation and amortization
 
5,302

 
4,659

 
13.8
 %
 
14

 
12

 
16.7
 %
Total operating expenses
 
$
80,297

 
$
79,280

 
1.3
 %
 
$
207

 
$
208

 
(0.5
)%

Operating expenses increased 1.3% to $80.3 million compared to $79.3 million in the third quarter of 2012.  Operating expenses per worksite employee per month decreased to $207 in the 2013 period from $208 in the 2012 period.  The components of operating expenses changed as follows:

Salaries, wages and payroll taxes of corporate and sales staff decreased 0.5% or $2 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period.  This decrease was primarily due to lower incentive compensation accruals offset by a 7.8% rise in headcount, which includes the recent increase in Business Performance Advisors.

Stock-based compensation increased 13.2%, or $1 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to an increase in the weighted average market value on the date of grant associated with restricted stock awards.  Stock-based compensation expense represents amortization of restricted stock awards granted to employees.

Commissions expense increased 7.5%, but remained flat on a per worksite employee per month basis compared to the 2012 period. This increase was primarily due to commissions paid to our Adjacent Businesses.

Advertising costs increased 16.1%, or $1 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to increased spending on health care reform related advertising and business promotions.

General and administrative expenses decreased 2.6%, or $3 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to reductions in bad debts and professional services, partially offset by increases in travel, training and repairs and maintenance.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased 13.8%, or $2 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to investments in our technology infrastructure and amortization associated with our Adjacent Business investments.

Income Tax Expense

Our effective income tax rate was 41.2% in the 2013 period compared to 40.6% in the 2012 period.  Our provision for income taxes differed from the U.S. statutory rate of 35% primarily due to state income taxes and non-deductible expenses.


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Operating and Net Income

Operating and net income per worksite employee per month was $44 and $26 in the 2013 period, versus $50 and $30 in the 2012 period.

    
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012.

The following table presents certain information related to our results of operations:
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except per share and statistical data)
Revenues (gross billings of $9.736 billion and $9.339 billion, less worksite employee payroll cost of $8.037 billion and $7.712 billion, respectively)
 
$
1,698,979

 
$
1,626,386

 
4.5
 %
Gross profit
 
303,273

 
288,718

 
5.0
 %
Operating expenses
 
253,924

 
237,117

 
7.1
 %
Operating income
 
49,349

 
51,601

 
(4.4
)%
Other income (expense)
 
(2,513
)
 
603

 

Net income
 
26,743

 
30,957

 
(13.6
)%
Diluted net income per share of common stock
 
1.04

 
1.20

 
(13.3
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Statistical Data:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Average number of worksite employees paid per month
 
126,445

 
124,418

 
1.6
 %
Revenues per worksite employee per month(1)
 
$
1,493

 
$
1,452

 
2.8
 %
Gross profit per worksite employee per month
 
266

 
258

 
3.1
 %
Operating expenses per worksite employee per month
 
223

 
212

 
5.2
 %
Operating income per worksite employee per month
 
43

 
46

 
(6.5
)%
Net income per worksite employee per month
 
23

 
28

 
(17.9
)%
 ____________________________________
 
(1)
Gross billings of $8,555 and $8,340 per worksite employee per month, less payroll cost of $7,062 and $6,888 per worksite employee per month, respectively.

Revenues

Our revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 increased 4.5% over the 2012 period, primarily due to a 1.6% increase in the average number of worksite employees paid per month and a 2.8%, or $41 increase in revenues per worksite employee per month.


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By region, our Workforce Optimization revenue change from the first nine months of 2012 and distribution for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in thousands)
 
(% of total revenue)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Northeast
 
$
439,351

 
$
425,295

 
3.3
%
 
26.3
%
 
26.5
%
Southeast
 
158,976

 
148,552

 
7.0
%
 
9.5
%
 
9.3
%
Central
 
247,078

 
235,464

 
4.9
%
 
14.8
%
 
14.7
%
Southwest
 
459,740

 
447,617

 
2.7
%
 
27.5
%
 
27.9
%
West
 
367,829

 
346,387

 
6.2
%
 
21.9
%
 
21.6
%
 
 
1,672,974

 
1,603,315

 
4.3
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Other revenue(1)
 
26,005

 
23,071

 
12.7
%
 
 
 
 
Total revenue
 
$
1,698,979

 
$
1,626,386

 
4.5
%
 
 
 
 
______________________________

(1) Comprised primarily of revenues generated by Adjacent Businesses.

Our Workforce Optimization growth rate is affected by three primary sources – worksite employees paid from new client sales, client retention and the net change in existing clients through worksite employee new hires and layoffs.  During the first nine months of 2013, we saw declines in each of the three primary sources as compared to the first nine months of 2012.

Gross Profit

Gross profit for the first nine months of 2013 increased 5.0% over the first nine months of 2012 to $303.3 million.  The average gross profit per worksite employee increased 3.1% to $266 per month in the 2013 period from $258 per month in the 2012 period.  Included in gross profit in 2013 is a $14 per worksite employee per month contribution from our Adjacent Businesses compared to $11 per worksite employee per month in the 2012 period.

Our pricing objectives attempt to maintain or improve the gross profit per worksite employee by increasing revenue per worksite employee to match or exceed changes in primary direct costs and operating expenses.  Our revenues increased 2.8% per worksite employee per month and our direct costs, which primarily include payroll taxes, benefits and workers’ compensation expenses, also increased 2.8% to $1,227 per worksite employee per month compared to $1,194 in the first nine months of 2012.  The primary direct cost components changed as follows:

Benefits costs – The cost of group health insurance and related employee benefits increased $23 per worksite employee per month, or 4.0% on a cost per covered employee basis compared to the first nine months of 2012.  Included in 2013 benefits costs is a reduction of $3.4 million, or $3 per worksite employee per month, for lower than expected claim costs and premium taxes related to prior periods. The 2012 benefits costs included $2.4 million, or $2 per worksite employee per month in claim costs for higher than expected run-off of claims incurred in prior periods. The percentage of worksite employees covered under our health insurance plans was 72.1% in the 2013 period compared to 72.3% in the 2012 period.  Please read Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Accounting Policies – Health Insurance Costs,” for a discussion of our accounting for health insurance costs.

Workers’ compensation costs – Workers’ compensation costs increased 2.6%, but remained flat on a per worksite employee per month basis compared to the first nine months of 2012.  As a percentage of non-bonus payroll cost, workers’ compensation costs were 0.54% in the 2013 period compared to 0.56% in the 2012 period.  During the 2013 period, we recorded reductions in workers’ compensation costs of $8.3 million, or 0.11% of non-bonus payroll costs, for changes in estimated losses related to prior reporting periods, compared to $10.4 million, or 0.15% of non-bonus payroll costs in the 2012 period.  Please read Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Accounting Policies – Workers’ Compensation Costs,” for a discussion of our accounting for workers’ compensation costs.

Payroll tax costs – Payroll taxes increased 3.3%, or $8 per worksite employee per month compared to the first nine months of 2012, primarily due to the 4.2% increase in payroll costs and a $2.9 million, or $3 per worksite employee per

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month credit recognized in 2012 related to a Pennsylvania tax matter. Payroll taxes as a percentage of payroll cost were 7.6% in the 2013 period and 7.7% in the 2012 period.  

Operating Expenses

The following table presents certain information related to our operating expenses:

 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands)
 
(per worksite employee per month)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salaries, wages and payroll taxes
 
$
137,697

 
$
127,402

 
8.1
%
 
$
121

 
$
114

 
6.1
%
Stock-based compensation
 
8,351

 
7,385

 
13.1
%
 
7

 
7

 

Commissions
 
10,349

 
10,299

 
0.5
%
 
9

 
9

 

Advertising
 
19,243

 
17,001

 
13.2
%
 
17

 
15

 
13.3
%
General and administrative expenses
 
62,592

 
61,694

 
1.5
%
 
55

 
55

 

Depreciation and amortization
 
15,692

 
13,336

 
17.7
%
 
14

 
12

 
16.7
%
Total operating expenses
 
$
253,924

 
$
237,117

 
7.1
%
 
$
223

 
$
212

 
5.2
%

Operating expenses increased 7.1% to $253.9 million compared to $237.1 million in the first nine months of 2012.  Operating expenses per worksite employee per month increased to $223 in the 2013 period from $212 in the 2012 period.  The components of operating expenses changed as follows:

Salaries, wages and payroll taxes of corporate and sales staff increased 8.1%, or $7 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period.  This increase was primarily due to a 6.2% rise in headcount.

Stock-based compensation increased 13.1%, but remained flat on a per worksite employee per month basis compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to an increase in the weighted average market value on the date of grant associated with restricted stock awards.  Stock-based compensation expense represents amortization of restricted stock awards granted to employees.

Commissions expense increased 0.5% and remained flat on a per worksite employee per month basis compared to the 2012 period.

Advertising costs increased 13.2%, or $2 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to increased spending on health care reform related advertising and business promotions.

General and administrative expenses increased 1.5%, but remained flat on a per worksite employee per month basis compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to increased travel, training and repairs and maintenance, partially offset by reductions in professional services and bad debts.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased 17.7%, or $2 per worksite employee per month compared to the 2012 period, primarily due to investments in our technology infrastructure and amortization associated with our Adjacent Business investments.

Other Income (Expense)

Other expense increased $3.1 million in the first nine months of 2013 compared to the first nine months of 2012, primarily due to a non-cash impairment charge related to our minority investment in The Receivables Exchange. Please read Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Other Assets," for additional information.

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Income Tax Expense

Our effective income tax rate was 42.9% in the 2013 period compared to 40.7% in the 2012 period.  Our provision for income taxes differed from the U.S. statutory rate of 35% primarily due to state income taxes and non-deductible expenses, including the 2013 non-cash impairment charge related to our minority investment in The Receivables Exchange. Please read Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, "Other Assets," for additional information.

Operating and Net Income

Operating and net income per worksite employee per month was $43 and $23 in the 2013 period, versus $46 and $28 in the 2012 period.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Non-bonus payroll cost is a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes the impact of bonus payrolls paid to our worksite employees.  Bonus payroll cost varies from period to period, but has no direct impact to our ultimate workers’ compensation costs under the current program.  As a result, our management refers to non-bonus payroll cost in analyzing, reporting and forecasting our workers’ compensation costs.  Non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP and may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies.  Non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP.  We include these non-GAAP financial measures because we believe they are useful to investors in allowing for greater transparency related to the costs incurred under our current workers’ compensation program.  Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures used to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures as provided in the table below.

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
2013
 
2012
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except per worksite employee per month data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payroll cost (GAAP)
 
$
2,696,330

 
$
2,556,114

 
5.5
%
 
$
8,036,532

 
$
7,712,302

 
4.2
 %
Less: Bonus payroll cost
 
192,868

 
156,723

 
23.1
%
 
706,795

 
728,589

 
(3.0
)%
Non-bonus payroll cost
 
$
2,503,462

 
$
2,399,391

 
4.3
%
 
$
7,329,737

 
$
6,983,713

 
5.0
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payroll cost per worksite employee per month (GAAP)
 
$
6,954

 
$
6,704

 
3.7
%
 
$
7,062

 
$
6,888

 
2.5
 %
Less: Bonus payroll cost per worksite employee per month
 
498

 
411

 
21.2
%
 
621

 
651

 
(4.6
)%
Non-bonus payroll cost per worksite employee per month
 
$
6,456

 
$
6,293

 
2.6
%
 
$
6,441

 
$
6,237

 
3.3
 %

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We periodically evaluate our liquidity requirements, capital needs and availability of resources in view of, among other things, our expansion plans, potential acquisitions and other operating cash needs.  To meet short-term liquidity requirements, which are primarily the payment of direct and operating expenses, we rely primarily on cash from operations.  Longer-term projects or significant acquisitions may be financed with debt or equity.  We have in the past sought, and may in the future seek, to raise additional capital or take other steps to increase or manage our liquidity and capital resources.  We had $209.2 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at September 30, 2013, of which approximately $90.1 million was payable in early October 2013 for withheld federal and state income taxes, employment taxes and other payroll deductions, and approximately $9.0 million were customer prepayments that were payable in October 2013.  At September 30, 2013, we had working capital of $122.7 million compared to $115.7 million at December 31, 2012.  We currently believe that our cash on hand, marketable securities, cash flows from operations and availability under our credit facility will be adequate to meet our liquidity requirements for the remainder of 2013.  We will rely on these same sources, as well as public and private debt or equity financing, to meet our longer-term liquidity and capital needs.

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We have a $100 million revolving credit facility (“Facility”) with a syndicate of financial institutions.  The Facility is available for working capital and general corporate purposes, including acquisitions, and was undrawn at September 30, 2013.  Please read Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Revolving Credit Facility,” for additional information.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Net cash used in operating activities in 2013 was $34.4 million.  Our primary source of cash from operations is the comprehensive service fee and payroll funding we collect from our clients.  Our cash and cash equivalents, and thus our reported cash flows from operating activities are significantly impacted by various external and internal factors, which are reflected in part by the changes in our balance sheet accounts.  These include the following:

Timing of client payments / payroll levels – We typically collect our comprehensive service fee, along with the client’s payroll funding, from clients at least one day prior to the payment of worksite employee payrolls and associated payroll taxes.  Therefore, the last business day of a reporting period has a substantial impact on our reporting of operating cash flows.  For example, many worksite employees are paid on Fridays; therefore, operating cash flows decrease in the reporting periods that end on a Friday or a Monday.  In the period ended September 30, 2013, the last business day of the reporting period was a Monday, client prepayments were $9.0 million and accrued worksite employee payroll was $184.1 million.  In the period ended September 30, 2012, the last business day of the reporting period was a Friday, client prepayments were $12.4 million and accrued worksite employee payroll was $174.3 million.

Workers’ compensation plan funding – Under our workers’ compensation insurance arrangements, we make monthly payments to the carriers comprised of premium costs and funds to be set aside for payment of future claims (“claim funds”).  These pre-determined amounts are stipulated in our agreements with the carriers, and are based primarily on anticipated worksite employee payroll levels and workers’ compensation loss rates during the policy year.  Changes in payroll levels from those that were anticipated in the arrangements can result in changes in the amount of cash payments, which will impact our reporting of operating cash flows.  Our claim funds paid, based upon anticipated worksite employee payroll levels and workers’ compensation loss rates, were $33.5 million in the first nine months of 2013 and $32.1 million in the first nine months of 2012.  However, our estimate of workers’ compensation loss costs was $29.7 million in the 2013 period and $27.9 million in the 2012 period, respectively. During the first nine months of 2013, we paid the insurance carrier an additional $5.0 million in claim funds for policy years prior to 2013. During the first nine months of 2012, we received $2.5 million for the return of excess claim funds related to the workers' compensation program, which resulted in an increase to working capital.

Medical plan funding – Our health care contract with United establishes participant cash funding rates 90 days in advance of the beginning of a reporting quarter.  Therefore, changes in the participation level of the United plan have a direct impact on our operating cash flows.  In addition, changes to the funding rates, which are solely determined by United based primarily upon recent claim history and anticipated cost trends, also have a significant impact on our operating cash flows.  At September 30, 2013, premiums owed and cash funded to United have exceeded Plan Costs, resulting in a $16.4 million surplus, $7.4 million of which is reflected as a current asset, and $9.0 million of which is reflected as a long-term asset on our Consolidated Balance Sheets.  The premiums owed to United at September 30, 2013, were $3.5 million, which is included in accrued health insurance costs, a current liability, on our Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Operating results – Our net income has a significant impact on our operating cash flows.  Our net income decreased 13.6% to $26.7 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2013, compared to $31.0 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2012, due to higher operating expenses and a $2.7 million non-cash impairment charge on a minority investment.  Please read “Results of Operations Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012.”

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Net cash flows used in investing activities were $41.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, primarily due to marketable securities purchases, net of maturities and dispositions, of $32.1 million.


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Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Net cash flows used in financing activities were $27.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, including $17.1 million in stock repurchases and $13.0 million in dividends paid.

ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

We are primarily exposed to market risks from fluctuations in interest rates and the effects of those fluctuations on the market values of our cash equivalent short-term investments and our available-for-sale marketable securities.   In addition, borrowings under our Facility bear interest at a variable market rate.  As of September 30, 2013, we had not drawn on the Facility.  Please read Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Revolving Credit Facility,” for additional information.  The cash equivalent short-term investments consist primarily of overnight investments, which are not significantly exposed to interest rate risk, except to the extent that changes in interest rates will ultimately affect the amount of interest income earned on these investments.  The available-for-sale marketable securities are subject to interest rate risk because these securities generally include a fixed interest rate.  As a result, the market values of these securities are affected by changes in prevailing interest rates.

We attempt to limit our exposure to interest rate risk primarily through diversification and low investment turnover.  Our investment policy is designed to maximize after-tax interest income while preserving our principal investment.  As a result, our marketable securities consist of tax-exempt short and intermediate-term debt securities, which are primarily pre-refunded municipal bonds that are secured by escrow funds containing U.S. Government Securities.

ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

In accordance with the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report.  Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2013.
 
There has been no change in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2013, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.


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PART II

ITEM 1.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

Please read Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Commitments and Contingencies,” which is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

Forward-Looking Statements

The statements contained herein that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws (Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).  You can identify such forward-looking statements by the words “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “projects,” “believes,” “estimates,” “likely,” “possibly,” “probably,” “goal,” “opportunity,” “objective,” “target,” “assume,” “outlook,” “guidance,” “predicts,” “appears,” “indicator” and similar expressions.  Forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties.  In the normal course of business, Insperity, Inc., in an effort to help keep our stockholders and the public informed about our operations, may from time to time issue such forward-looking statements, either orally or in writing.  Generally, these statements relate to business plans or strategies, projected or anticipated benefits or other consequences of such plans or strategies, or projections involving anticipated revenues, earnings, unit growth, profit per worksite employee, pricing, operating expenses or other aspects of operating results.  We base the forward-looking statements on our expectations, estimates and projections at the time such statements are made.  These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties that we cannot predict.  In addition, we have based many of these forward-looking statements on assumptions about future events that may prove to be inaccurate.  Therefore, the actual results of the future events described in such forward-looking statements could differ materially from those stated in such forward-looking statements.  Among the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially are: (i) continued effects of the economic recession and general economic conditions; (ii) regulatory and tax developments and possible adverse application of various federal, state and local regulations; (iii) the ability to secure competitive replacement contracts for health insurance and workers’ compensation contracts at expiration of current contracts; (iv) increases in health insurance costs and workers’ compensation rates and underlying claims trends, health care reform, financial solvency of workers’ compensation carriers and other insurers, state unemployment tax rates, liabilities for employee and client actions or payroll-related claims; (v) failure to manage growth of our operations and the effectiveness of our sales and marketing efforts; (vi) changes in the competitive environment in the PEO industry, including the entrance of new competitors and our ability to renew or replace client companies; (vii) our liability for worksite employee payroll, payroll taxes and benefits costs; (viii) our liability for disclosure of sensitive or private information; (ix) our ability to integrate or realize expected return on our acquisitions; and (x) an adverse final judgment or settlement of claims against Insperity.  These factors are discussed in further detail in our 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K under “Factors That May Affect Future Results and the Market Price of Common Stock” on page 19, and elsewhere in this report.  Any of these factors, or a combination of such factors, could materially affect the results of our operations and whether forward-looking statements we make ultimately prove to be accurate.

There have been no material changes in the risk factors disclosed pursuant to Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.


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ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

The following table provides information about purchases by Insperity during the three months ended September 30, 2013, of equity securities that are registered by Insperity pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act:

 
 
 
 
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased(1)(2)
Average Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Program(1)
Maximum Number of Shares that may yet be Purchased under the Program(1)
07/01/2013 – 07/31/2013
184

$
33.07


1,413,845

08/01/2013 – 08/31/2013
29,496

33.02

29,496

1,384,349

09/01/2013 – 09/30/2013
31,780

32.35

31,780

1,352,569

Total
61,460

$
32.67

61,276

1,352,569

 ____________________________________

(1) 
Our Board has approved a program to repurchase up to 15.5 million shares of our outstanding common stock.  During the three months ended September 30, 2013, 61,276 shares were repurchased under the program and 184 shares were withheld to satisfy tax withholding obligations for the vesting of restricted stock awards.  As of September 30, 2013, we were authorized to repurchase an additional 1,352,569 shares under the program. Unless terminated earlier by resolution of the Board, the repurchase program will expire when we have repurchased all shares authorized for repurchase under the repurchase program.

(2) 
These shares include shares of restricted stock that were withheld to satisfy tax-withholding obligations arising in conjunction with the vesting of restricted stock.  The required withholding is calculated using the closing sales price reported by the New York Stock Exchange on the date prior to the applicable vesting date.  These shares are not subject to the repurchase program described above.

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ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS

 
(a)
List of Exhibits
 

31.1
*
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2
*
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1
**
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2
**
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS
*
XBRL Instance Document.(1)
101.SCH
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF
*
XBRL Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE
*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
 
____________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
*
Filed with this report.